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Expiation

I.

"I CAN never," said Mrs. Fetherel, "hear the bell ring without a
shudder."

Her unruffled aspect--she was the kind of woman whose emotions never
communicate themselves to her clothes--and the conventional
background of the New York drawing-room, with its pervading
implication of an imminent tea-tray and of an atmosphere in which
the social functions have become purely reflex, lent to her
declaration a relief not lost on her cousin Mrs. Clinch, who, from
the other side of the fireplace, agreed with a glance at the
clock, that it _was_ the hour for bores.

"Bores!" cried Mrs. Fetherel impatiently. "If I shuddered at _them_,
I should have a chronic ague!"

She leaned forward and laid a sparkling finger on her cousin's
shabby black knee. "I mean the newspaper clippings," she whispered.

Mrs. Clinch returned a glance of intelligence. "They've begun
already?"

"Not yet; but they're sure to now, at any minute, my publisher tells
me."

Mrs. Fetherel's look of apprehension sat oddly on her small
features, which had an air of neat symmetry somehow suggestive of
being set in order every morning by the housemaid. Some one (there
were rumors that it was her cousin) had once said that Paula
Fetherel would have been very pretty if she hadn't looked so like a
moral axiom in a copy-book hand.

Mrs. Clinch received her confidence with a smile. "Well," she said,
"I suppose you were prepared for the consequences of authorship?"

Mrs. Fetherel blushed brightly. "It isn't their coming," she
owned--"it's their coming _now_."

"Now?"

"The Bishop's in town."

Mrs. Clinch leaned back and shaped her lips to a whistle which
deflected in a laugh. "Well!" she said.

"You see!" Mrs. Fetherel triumphed.

"Well--weren't you prepared for the Bishop?"

"Not now--at least, I hadn't thought of his seeing the clippings."

"And why should he see them?"

"Bella--_won't_ you understand? It's John."

"John?"

"Who has taken the most unexpected tone--one might almost say out of
perversity."

"Oh, perversity--" Mrs. Clinch murmured, observing her cousin
between lids wrinkled by amusement. "What tone has John taken?"

Mrs. Fetherel threw out her answer with the desperate gesture of a
woman who lays bare the traces of a marital fist. "The tone of being
proud of my book."

The measure of Mrs. Clinch's enjoyment overflowed in laughter.

"Oh, you may laugh," Mrs. Fetherel insisted, "but it's no joke to
me. In the first place, John's liking the book is so--so--such a
false note--it puts me in such a ridiculous position; and then it
has set him watching for the reviews--who would ever have suspected
John of knowing that books were _reviewed?_ Why, he's actually found
out about the Clipping Bureau, and whenever the postman rings I hear
John rush out of the library to see if there are any yellow
envelopes. Of course, when they _do_ come he'll bring them into the
drawing-room and read them aloud to everybody who happens to be
here--and the Bishop is sure to happen to be here!"

Mrs. Clinch repressed her amusement. "The picture you draw is a
lurid one," she conceded, "but your modesty strikes me as abnormal,
especially in an author. The chances are that some of the clippings
will be rather pleasant reading. The critics are not all union men."

Mrs. Fetherel stared. "Union men?"

"Well, I mean they don't all belong to the well-known
Society-for-the-Persecution-of-Rising-Authors. Some of them have
even been known to defy its regulations and say a good word for a
new writer."

"Oh, I dare say," said Mrs. Fetherel, with the laugh her cousin's
epigram exacted. "But you don't quite see my point. I'm not at all
nervous about the success of my book--my publisher tells me I have
no need to be--but I _am_ afraid of its being a succes de scandale."

"Mercy!" said Mrs. Clinch, sitting up.

The butler and footman at this moment appeared with the tea-tray,
and when they had withdrawn, Mrs. Fetherel, bending her brightly
rippled head above the kettle, continued in a murmur of avowal, "The
title, even, is a kind of challenge."

"'Fast and Loose,'" Mrs. Clinch mused. "Yes, it ought to take."

"I didn't choose it for that reason!" the author protested. "I
should have preferred something quieter--less pronounced; but I was
determined not to shirk the responsibility of what I had written. I
want people to know beforehand exactly what kind of book they are
buying."

"Well," said Mrs. Clinch, "that's a degree of conscientiousness that
I've never met with before. So few books fulfil the promise of their
titles that experienced readers never expect the fare to come up to
the menu."

"'Fast and Loose' will be no disappointment on that score," her
cousin significantly returned. "I've handled the subject without
gloves. I've called a spade a spade."

"You simply make my mouth water! And to think I haven't been able to
read it yet because every spare minute of my time has been given to
correcting the proofs of 'How the Birds Keep Christmas'! There's an
instance of the hardships of an author's life!"

Mrs. Fetherel's eye clouded. "Don't joke, Bella, please. I suppose
to experienced authors there's always something absurd in the
nervousness of a new writer, but in my case so much is at stake;
I've put so much of myself into this book and I'm so afraid of being
misunderstood...of being, as it were, in advance of my time...
like poor Flaubert....I _know_ you'll think me ridiculous...
and if only my own reputation were at stake, I should never give
it a thought...but the idea of dragging John's name through the
mire..."

Mrs. Clinch, who had risen and gathered her cloak about her, stood
surveying from her genial height her cousin's agitated countenance.

"Why did you use John's name, then?"

"That's another of my difficulties! I _had_ to. There would have
been no merit in publishing such a book under an assumed name; it
would have been an act of moral cowardice. 'Fast and Loose' is not
an ordinary novel. A writer who dares to show up the hollowness of
social conventions must have the courage of her convictions and be
willing to accept the consequences of defying society. Can you
imagine Ibsen or Tolstoy writing under a false name?" Mrs. Fetherel
lifted a tragic eye to her cousin. "You don't know, Bella, how often
I've envied you since I began to write. I used to wonder
sometimes--you won't mind my saying so?--why, with all your
cleverness, you hadn't taken up some more exciting subject than
natural history; but I see now how wise you were. Whatever happens,
you will never be denounced by the press!"

"Is that what you're afraid of?" asked Mrs. Clinch, as she grasped
the bulging umbrella which rested against her chair. "My dear, if I
had ever had the good luck to be denounced by the press, my brougham
would be waiting at the door for me at this very moment, and I
shouldn't have to ruin this umbrella by using it in the rain. Why,
you innocent, if I'd ever felt the slightest aptitude for showing up
social conventions, do you suppose I should waste my time writing
'Nests Ajar' and 'How to Smell the Flowers'? There's a fairly steady
demand for pseudo-science and colloquial ornithology, but it's
nothing, simply nothing, to the ravenous call for attacks on social
institutions--especially by those inside the institutions!"

There was often, to her cousin, a lack of taste in Mrs. Clinch's
pleasantries, and on this occasion they seemed more than usually
irrelevant.

"'Fast and Loose' was not written with the idea of a large sale."

Mrs. Clinch was unperturbed. "Perhaps that's just as well," she
returned, with a philosophic shrug. "The surprise will be all the
pleasanter, I mean. For of course it's going to sell tremendously;
especially if you can get the press to denounce it."

"Bella, how _can_ you? I sometimes think you say such things
expressly to tease me; and yet I should think you of all women would
understand my purpose in writing such a book. It has always seemed
to me that the message I had to deliver was not for myself alone,
but for all the other women in the world who have felt the
hollowness of our social shams, the ignominy of bowing down to the
idols of the market, but have lacked either the courage or the power
to proclaim their independence; and I have fancied, Bella dear, that,
however severely society might punish me for revealing its
weaknesses, I could count on the sympathy of those who, like
you"--Mrs. Fetherel's voice sank--"have passed through the deep
waters."

Mrs. Clinch gave herself a kind of canine shake, as though to free
her ample shoulders from any drop of the element she was supposed to
have traversed.

"Oh, call them muddy rather than deep," she returned; "and you'll
find, my dear, that women who've had any wading to do are rather shy
of stirring up mud. It sticks--especially on white clothes."

Mrs. Fetherel lifted an undaunted brow. "I'm not afraid," she
proclaimed; and at the same instant she dropped her tea-spoon with a
clatter and shrank back into her seat. "There's the bell," she
exclaimed, "and I know it's the Bishop!"

It was in fact the Bishop of Ossining, who, impressively announced
by Mrs. Fetherel's butler, now made an entry that may best be
described as not inadequate to the expectations the announcement
raised. The Bishop always entered a room well; but, when unannounced,
or preceded by a Low Church butler who gave him his surname, his
appearance lacked the impressiveness conferred on it by the due
specification of his diocesan dignity. The Bishop was very fond of
his niece Mrs. Fetherel, and one of the traits he most valued in her
was the possession of a butler who knew how to announce a bishop.

Mrs. Clinch was also his niece; but, aside from the fact that she
possessed no butler at all, she had laid herself open to her uncle's
criticism by writing insignificant little books which had a way of
going into five or ten editions, while the fruits of his own
episcopal leisure--"The Wail of Jonah" (twenty cantos in blank
verse), and "Through a Glass Brightly; or, How to Raise Funds fora
Memorial Window"--inexplicably languished on the back shelves of a
publisher noted for his dexterity in pushing "devotional goods."
Even this indiscretion the Bishop might, however, have condoned, had
his niece thought fit to turn to him for support and advice at the
painful juncture of her history when, in her own words, it became
necessary for her to invite Mr. Clinch to look out for another
situation. Mr. Clinch's misconduct was of the kind especially
designed by Providence to test the fortitude of a Christian wife and
mother, and the Bishop was absolutely distended with seasonable
advice and edification; so that when Bella met his tentative
exhortations with the curt remark that she preferred to do her own
housecleaning unassisted, her uncle's grief at her ingratitude was
not untempered with sympathy for Mr. Clinch.

It is not surprising, therefore, that the Bishop's warmest greetings
were always reserved for Mrs. Fetherel; and on this occasion Mrs.
Clinch thought she detected, in the salutation which fell to her
share, a pronounced suggestion that her own presence was
superfluous--a hint which she took with her usual imperturbable good
humor.


II

Left alone with the Bishop, Mrs. Fetherel sought the nearest refuge
from conversation by offering him a cup of tea. The Bishop accepted
with the preoccupied air of a man to whom, for the moment, tea is but
a subordinate incident. Mrs. Fetherel's nervousness increased; and
knowing that the surest way of distracting attention from one's own
affairs is to affect an interest in those of one's companion, she
hastily asked if her uncle had come to town on business.

"On business--yes--" said the Bishop in an impressive tone. "I had
to see my publisher, who has been behaving rather unsatisfactorily
in regard to my last book."

"Ah--your last book?" faltered Mrs. Fetherel, with a sickening sense
of her inability to recall the name or nature of the work in
question, and a mental vow never again to be caught in such
ignorance of a colleague's productions.

"'Through a Glass Brightly,'" the Bishop explained, with an emphasis
which revealed his detection of her predicament. "You may remember
that I sent you a copy last Christmas?"

"Of course I do!" Mrs. Fetherel brightened. "It was that delightful
story of the poor consumptive girl who had no money, and two little
brothers to support--"

"Sisters--idiot sisters--" the Bishop gloomily corrected.

"I mean sisters; and who managed to collect money enough to put up a
beautiful memorial window to her--her grandfather, whom she had
never seen--"

"But whose sermons had been her chief consolation and support during
her long struggle with poverty and disease." The Bishop gave the
satisfied sigh of the workman who reviews his completed task. "A
touching subject, surely; and I believe I did it justice; at least,
so my friends assured me."

"Why, yes--I remember there was a splendid review of it in the
'Reredos'!" cried Mrs. Fetherel, moved by the incipient instinct of
reciprocity.

"Yes--by my dear friend Mrs. Gollinger, whose husband, the late Dean
Gollinger, was under very particular obligations to me. Mrs.
Gollinger is a woman of rare literary acumen, and her praise of my
book was unqualified; but the public wants more highly seasoned
fare, and the approval of a thoughtful churchwoman carries less
weight than the sensational comments of an illiterate journalist."
The Bishop lent a meditative eye on his spotless gaiters. "At the
risk of horrifying you, my dear," he added, with a slight laugh, "I
will confide to you that my best chance of a popular success would
be to have my book denounced by the press."

"Denounced?" gasped Mrs. Fetherel. "On what ground?"

"On the ground of immorality." The Bishop evaded her startled gaze.
"Such a thing is inconceivable to you, of course; but I am only
repeating what my publisher tells me. If, for instance, a critic
could be induced--I mean, if a critic were to be found, who called
in question the morality of my heroine in sacrificing her own health
and that of her idiot sisters in order to put up a memorial window
to her grandfather, it would probably raise a general controversy in
the newspapers, and I might count on a sale of ten or fifteen
thousand within the next year. If he described her as morbid or
decadent, it might even run to twenty thousand; but that is more than
I permit myself to hope. In fact, I should be satisfied with any
general charge of immorality." The Bishop sighed again. "I need
hardly tell you that I am actuated by no mere literary ambition.
Those whose opinion I most value have assured me that the book is
not without merit; but, though it does not become me to dispute
their verdict, I can truly say that my vanity as an author is not at
stake. I have, however, a special reason for wishing to increase the
circulation of 'Through a Glass Brightly'; it was written for a
purpose--a purpose I have greatly at heart--"

"I know," cried his niece sympathetically. "The chantry window--?"

"Is still empty, alas! and I had great hopes that, under Providence,
my little book might be the means of filling it. All our wealthy
parishioners have given lavishly to the cathedral, and it was for
this reason that, in writing 'Through a Glass,' I addressed my
appeal more especially to the less well-endowed, hoping by the
example of my heroine to stimulate the collection of small sums
throughout the entire diocese, and perhaps beyond it. I am sure,"
the Bishop feelingly concluded, "the book would have a wide-spread
influence if people could only be induced to read it!"

His conclusion touched a fresh thread of association in
Mrs. Fetherel's vibrating nerve-centers. "I never thought of that!"
she cried.

The Bishop looked at her inquiringly.

"That one's books may not be read at all! How dreadful!" she
exclaimed.

He smiled faintly. "I had not forgotten that I was addressing an
authoress," he said. "Indeed, I should not have dared to inflict my
troubles on any one not of the craft."

Mrs. Fetherel was quivering with the consciousness of her
involuntary self-betrayal. "Oh, uncle!" she murmured.

"In fact," the Bishop continued, with a gesture which seemed to
brush away her scruples, "I came here partly to speak to you about
your novel. 'Fast and Loose,' I think you call it?"

Mrs. Fetherel blushed assentingly.

"And is it out yet?" the Bishop continued.

"It came out about a week ago. But you haven't touched your tea, and
it must be quite cold. Let me give you another cup..."

"My reason for asking," the Bishop went on, with the bland
inexorableness with which, in his younger days, he had been known to
continue a sermon after the senior warden had looked four times at
his watch--"my reason for asking is, that I hoped I might not be too
late to induce you to change the title."

Mrs. Fetherel set down the cup she had filled. "The title?" she
faltered.

The Bishop raised a reassuring hand. "Don't misunderstand me, dear
child; don't for a moment imagine that I take it to be in anyway
indicative of the contents of the book. I know you too well for
that. My first idea was that it had probably been forced on you by
an unscrupulous publisher--I know too well to what ignoble
compromises one may be driven in such cases!..." He paused, as
though to give her the opportunity of confirming this conjecture, but
she preserved an apprehensive silence, and he went on, as though
taking up the second point in his sermon--"Or, again, the name may
have taken your fancy without your realizing all that it implies to
minds more alive than yours to offensive innuendoes. It
is--ahem--excessively suggestive, and I hope I am not too late to
warn you of the false impression it is likely to produce on the very
readers whose approbation you would most value. My friend Mrs.
Gollinger, for instance--"

Mrs. Fetherel, as the publication of her novel testified, was in
theory a woman of independent views; and if in practise she
sometimes failed to live up to her standard, it was rather from an
irresistible tendency to adapt herself to her environment than from
any conscious lack of moral courage. The Bishop's exordium had
excited in her that sense of opposition which such admonitions are
apt to provoke; but as he went on she felt herself gradually
enclosed in an atmosphere in which her theories vainly gasped for
breath. The Bishop had the immense dialectical advantage of
invalidating any conclusions at variance with his own by always
assuming that his premises were among the necessary laws of thought.
This method, combined with the habit of ignoring any classifications
but his own, created an element in which the first condition of
existence was the immediate adoption of his standpoint; so that his
niece, as she listened, seemed to feel Mrs. Gollinger's Mechlin cap
spreading its conventual shadow over her rebellious brow and the
"Revue de Paris" at her elbow turning into a copy of the "Reredos."
She had meant to assure her uncle that she was quite aware of the
significance of the title she had chosen, that it had been
deliberately selected as indicating the subject of her novel, and
that the book itself had been written indirect defiance of the class
of readers for whose susceptibilities she was alarmed. The words
were almost on her lips when the irresistible suggestion conveyed by
the Bishop's tone and language deflected them into the apologetic
murmur, "Oh, uncle, you mustn't think--I never meant--" How much
farther this current of reaction might have carried her, the
historian is unable to computer, for at this point the door opened
and her husband entered the room.

"The first review of your book!" he cried, flourishing a yellow
envelope. "My dear Bishop, how lucky you're here!"

Though the trials of married life have been classified and
catalogued with exhaustive accuracy, there is one form of conjugal
misery which has perhaps received inadequate attention; and that is
the suffering of the versatile woman whose husband is not equally
adapted to all her moods. Every woman feels for the sister who is
compelled to wear a bonnet which does not "go" with her gown; but
how much sympathy is given to her whose husband refuses to harmonize
with the pose of the moment? Scant justice has, for instance, been
done to the misunderstood wife whose husband persists in
understanding her; to the submissive helpmate whose taskmaster shuns
every opportunity of browbeating her; and to the generous and
impulsive being whose bills are paid with philosophic calm. Mrs.
Fetherel, as wives go, had been fairly exempt from trials of this
nature, for her husband, if undistinguished by pronounced brutality
or indifference, had at least the negative merit of being her
intellectual inferior. Landscape gardeners, who are aware of the
usefulness of a valley in emphasizing the height of a hill, can form
an idea of the account to which an accomplished woman may turn such
deficiencies; and it need scarcely be said that Mrs. Fetherel had
made the most of her opportunities. It was agreeably obvious to
every one, Fetherel included, that he was not the man to appreciate
such a woman; but there are no limits to man's perversity, and he
did his best to invalidate this advantage by admiring her without
pretending to understand her. What she most suffered from was this
fatuous approval: the maddening sense that, however she conducted
herself, he would always admire her. Had he belonged to the class
whose conversational supplies are drawn from the domestic circle,
his wife's name would never have been off his lips; and to Mrs.
Fetherel's sensitive perceptions his frequent silences were
indicative of the fact that she was his one topic.

It was, in part, the attempt to escape this persistent approbation
that had driven Mrs. Fetherel to authorship. She had fancied that
even the most infatuated husband might be counted onto resent, at
least negatively, an attack on the sanctity of the hearth; and her
anticipations were heightened by a sense of the unpardonableness of
her act. Mrs. Fetherel's relations with her husband were in fact
complicated by an irrepressible tendency to be fond of him; and
there was a certain pleasure in the prospect of a situation that
justified the most explicit expiation.

These hopes Fetherel's attitude had already defeated. He read the
book with enthusiasm, he pressed it on his friends, he sent a copy
to his mother; and his very soul now hung on the verdict of the
reviewers. It was perhaps this proof of his general ineptitude that
made his wife doubly alive to his special defects; so that his
inopportune entrance was aggravated by the very sound of his voice
and the hopeless aberration of his smile. Nothing, to the observant,
is more indicative of a man's character and circumstances than his
way of entering a room. The Bishop of Ossining, for instance,
brought with him not only an atmosphere of episcopal authority, but
an implied opinion on the verbal inspiration of the Scriptures, and
on the attitude of the church toward divorce; while the appearance
of Mrs. Fetherel's husband produced an immediate impression of
domestic felicity. His mere aspect implied that there was a
well-filled nursery upstairs; that this wife, if she did not sew on
his buttons, at least superintended the performance of that task;
that they both went to church regularly, and that they dined with
his mother every Sunday evening punctually at seven o'clock.

All this and more was expressed in the affectionate gesture with
which he now raised the yellow envelope above Mrs. Fetherel's
clutch; and knowing the uselessness of begging him not to be
silly, she said, with a dry despair, "You're boring the Bishop
horribly."

Fetherel turned a radiant eye on that dignitary. "She bores us all
horribly, doesn't she, sir?" he exulted.

"Have you read it?" said his wife, uncontrollably.

"Read it? Of course not--it's just this minute come. I say, Bishop,
you're not going--?"

"Not till I've heard this," said the Bishop, settling himself in his
chair with an indulgent smile.

His niece glanced at him despairingly. "Don't let John's nonsense
detain you," she entreated.

"Detain him? That's good," guffawed Fetherel. "It isn't as long as
one of his sermons--won't take me five minutes to read. Here, listen
to this, ladies and gentlemen: 'In this age of festering pessimism
and decadent depravity, it is no surprise to the nauseated reviewer
to open one more volume saturated with the fetid emanations of the
sewer--'"

Fetherel, who was not in the habit of reading aloud, paused with a
gasp, and the Bishop glanced sharply at his niece, who kept her gaze
fixed on the tea-cup she had not yet succeeded in transferring to
his hand.--"'Of the sewer,'" her husband resumed; "'but his wonder
is proportionately great when he lights on a novel as sweetly
inoffensive as Paula Fetherel's "Fast and Loose." Mrs. Fetherel is,
we believe, a new hand at fiction, and her work reveals frequent
traces of inexperience; but these are more than atoned for by her
pure, fresh view of life and her altogether unfashionable regard for
the reader's moral susceptibilities. Let no one be induced by its
distinctly misleading title to forego the enjoyment of this pleasant
picture of domestic life, which, in spite of a total lack of force
in character-drawing and of consecutiveness in incident, may be
described as a distinctly pretty story.'"


III

It was several weeks later that Mrs. Clinch once more brought the
plebeian aroma of heated tram-cars and muddy street-crossings into
the violet-scented atmosphere of her cousin's drawing-room.

"Well," she said, tossing a damp bundle of proof into the corner of
a silk-cushioned bergere, "I've read it at last and I'm not so
awfully shocked!"

Mrs. Fetherel, who sat near the fire with her head propped on a
languid hand, looked up without speaking.

"Mercy, Paula," said her visitor, "you're ill."

Mrs. Fetherel shook her head. "I was never better," she
said, mournfully.

"Then may I help myself to tea? Thanks."

Mrs. Clinch carefully removed her mended glove before taking a
buttered tea-cake; then she glanced again at her cousin.

"It's not what I said just now--?" she ventured.

"Just now?"

"About 'Fast and Loose'? I came to talk it over."

Mrs. Fetherel sprang to her feet. "I never," she cried dramatically,
"want to hear it mentioned again!"

"Paula!" exclaimed Mrs. Clinch, setting down her cup.

Mrs. Fetherel slowly turned on her an eye brimming with the
incommunicable; then, dropping into her seat again, she added, with
a tragic laugh, "There's nothing left to say."

"Nothing--?" faltered Mrs. Clinch, longing for another tea-cake, but
feeling the inappropriateness of the impulse in an atmosphere so
charged with the portentous. "Do you mean that everything _has_ been
said?" She looked tentatively at her cousin. "Haven't they been
nice?"

"They've been odious--odious--" Mrs. Fetherel burst out, with an
ineffectual clutch at her handkerchief. "It's been perfectly
intolerable!"

Mrs. Clinch, philosophically resigning herself to the propriety of
taking no more tea, crossed over to her cousin and laid a
sympathizing hand on that lady's agitated shoulder.

"It _is_ a bore at first," she conceded; "but you'll be surprised to
see how soon one gets used to it."

"I shall--never--get--used to it--" Mrs. Fetherel brokenly declared.

"Have they been so very nasty--all of them?"

"Every one of them!" the novelist sobbed.

"I'm so sorry, dear; it _does_ hurt, I know--but hadn't you rather
expected it?"

"Expected it?" cried Mrs. Fetherel, sitting up.

Mrs. Clinch felt her way warily. "I only mean, dear, that I fancied
from what you said before the book came out--that you rather
expected--that you'd rather discounted--"

"Their recommending it to everybody as a perfectly harmless story?"

"Good gracious! Is _that_ what they've done?"

Mrs. Fetherel speechlessly nodded.

"Every one of them?"

"Every one--"

"Whew!" said Mrs. Clinch, with an incipient whistle.

"Why, you've just said it yourself!" her cousin suddenly reproached
her.

"Said what?"

"That you weren't so _awfully_ shocked--"

"I? Oh, well--you see, you'd keyed me up to such a pitch that it
wasn't quite as bad as I expected--"

Mrs. Fetherel lifted a smile steeled for the worst. "Why not say at
once," she suggested, "that it's a distinctly pretty story?"

"They haven't said _that?_"

"They've all said it."

"My poor Paula!"

"Even the Bishop--"

"The Bishop called it a pretty story?"

"He wrote me--I've his letter somewhere. The title rather scared
him--he wanted me to change it; but when he'd read the book he wrote
that it was all right and that he'd sent several copies to his
friends."

"The old hypocrite!" cried Mrs. Clinch. "That was nothing but
professional jealousy."

"Do you think so?" cried her cousin, brightening.

"Sure of it, my dear. His own books don't sell, and he knew the
quickest way to kill yours was to distribute it through the diocese
with his blessing."

"Then you don't really think it's a pretty story?"

"Dear me, no! Not nearly as bad as that--"

"You're so good, Bella--but the reviewers?"

"Oh, the reviewers," Mrs. Clinch jeered. She gazed meditatively at
the cold remains of her tea-cake. "Let me see," she said, suddenly;
"do you happen to remember if the first review came out in an
important paper?"

"Yes--the 'Radiator.'"

"That's it! I thought so. Then the others simply followed suit: they
often do if a big paper sets the pace. Saves a lot of trouble. Now
if you could only have got the 'Radiator' to denounce you--"

"That's what the Bishop said!" cried Mrs. Fetherel.

"He did?"

"He said his only chance of selling 'Through a Glass Brightly' was
to have it denounced on the ground of immorality."

"H'm," said Mrs. Clinch. "I thought he knew a trick or two." She
turned an illuminated eye on her cousin. "You ought to get _him_ to
denounce 'Fast and Loose'!" she cried.

Mrs. Fetherel looked at her suspiciously. "I suppose every book must
stand or fall on its own merits," she said in an unconvinced tone.

"Bosh! That view is as extinct as the post-chaise and the
packet-ship--it belongs to the time when people read books. Nobody
does that now; the reviewer was the first to set the example, and
the public were only too thankful to follow it. At first they read
the reviews; now they read only the publishers' extracts from them.
Even these are rapidly being replaced by paragraphs borrowed from
the vocabulary of commerce. I often have to look twice before I am
sure if I am reading a department-store advertisement or the
announcement of a new batch of literature. The publishers will soon
be having their 'fall and spring openings' and their 'special
importations for Horse-Show Week.' But the Bishop is right, of
course--nothing helps a book like a rousing attack on its morals; and
as the publishers can't exactly proclaim the impropriety of their
own wares, the task has to be left to the press or the pulpit."

"The pulpit--?" Mrs. Fetherel mused.

"Why, yes--look at those two novels in England last year--"

Mrs. Fetherel shook her head hopelessly. "There is so much more
interest in literature in England than here."

"Well, we've got to make the supply create the demand. The Bishop
could run your novel up into the hundred thousands in no time."

"But if he can't make his own sell--?"

"My dear, a man can't very well preach against his own writings!"

Mrs. Clinch rose and picked up her proofs.

"I'm awfully sorry for you, Paula dear," she concluded, "but I can't
help being thankful that there's no demand for pessimism in the
field of natural history. Fancy having to write 'The Fall of a
Sparrow,' or 'How the Plants Misbehave!'"


IV

Mrs. Fetherel, driving up to the Grand Central Station one morning
about five months later, caught sight of the distinguished novelist,
Archer Hynes, hurrying into the waiting-room ahead of her. Hynes, on
his side, recognizing her brougham, turned back to greet her as the
footman opened the carriage-door.

"My dear colleague! Is it possible that we are traveling together?"

Mrs. Fetherel blushed with pleasure. Hynes had given her two columns
of praise in the Sunday "Meteor," and she had not yet learned to
disguise her gratitude.

"I am going to Ossining," she said, smilingly.

"So am I. Why, this is almost as good as an elopement."

"And it will end where elopements ought to--in church."

"In church? You're not going to Ossining to go to church?"

"Why not? There's a special ceremony in the cathedral--the chantry
window is to be unveiled."

"The chantry window? How picturesque! What _is_ a chantry? And why
do you want to see it unveiled? Are you after copy--doing something
in the Huysmans manner? 'La Cathedrale,' eh?"

"Oh, no." Mrs. Fetherel hesitated. "I'm going simply to please my
uncle," she said, at last.

"Your uncle?"

"The Bishop, you know." She smiled.

"The Bishop--the Bishop of Ossining? Why, wasn't he the chap who
made that ridiculous attack on your book? Is that prehistoric ass
your uncle? Upon my soul, I think you're mighty forgiving to travel
all the way to Ossining for one of his stained-glass sociables!"

Mrs. Fetherel's smile flowed into a gentle laugh. "Oh, I've never
allowed that to interfere with our friendship. My uncle felt
dreadfully about having to speak publicly against my book--it was a
great deal harder for him than for me--but he thought it his duty to
do so. He has the very highest sense of duty."

"Well," said Hynes, with a shrug, "I don't know that he didn't do
you a good turn. Look at that!"

They were standing near the book-stall, and he pointed to a placard
surmounting the counter and emblazoned with the conspicuous
announcement: "Fast and Loose. New Edition with Author's Portrait.
Hundred and Fiftieth Thousand."

Mrs. Fetherel frowned impatiently. "How absurd! They've no right to
use my picture as a poster!"

"There's our train," said Hynes; and they began to push their way
through the crowd surging toward one of the inner doors.

As they stood wedged between circumferent shoulders, Mrs. Fetherel
became conscious of the fixed stare of a pretty girl who whispered
eagerly to her companion: "Look Myrtle! That's Paula Fetherel right
behind us--I knew her in a minute!"

"Gracious--where?" cried the other girl, giving her head a twist
which swept her Gainsborough plumes across Mrs. Fetherel's face.

The first speaker's words had carried beyond her companion's ear,
and a lemon-colored woman in spectacles, who clutched a copy of the
"Journal of Psychology" on one drab-cotton-gloved hand, stretched her
disengaged hand across the intervening barrier of humanity.

"Have I the privilege of addressing the distinguished author of
'Fast and Loose'? If so, let me thank you in the name of the Woman's
Psychological League of Peoria for your magnificent courage in
raising the standard of revolt against--"

"You can tell us the rest in the car," said a fat man, pressing his
good-humored bulk against the speaker's arm.

Mrs. Fetherel, blushing, embarrassed and happy, slipped into the
space produced by this displacement, and a few moments later had
taken her seat in the train.

She was a little late, and the other chairs were already filled by a
company of elderly ladies and clergymen who seemed to belong to the
same party, and were still busy exchanging greetings and settling
themselves in their places.

One of the ladies, at Mrs. Fetherel's approach, uttered an
exclamation of pleasure and advanced with outstretched hand. "My
dear Mrs. Fetherel! I am so delighted to see you here. May I hope
you are going to the unveiling of the chantry window? The dear
Bishop so hoped that you would do so! But perhaps I ought to
introduce myself. I am Mrs. Gollinger"--she lowered her voice
expressively--"one of your uncle's oldest friends, one who has stood
close to him through all this sad business, and who knows what he
suffered when he felt obliged to sacrifice family affection to the
call of duty."

Mrs. Fetherel, who had smiled and colored slightly at the beginning
of this speech, received its close with a deprecating gesture.

"Oh, pray don't mention it," she murmured. "I quite understood how
my uncle was placed--I bore him no ill will for feeling obliged to
preach against my book."

"He understood that, and was so touched by it! He has often told me
that it was the hardest task he was ever called upon to
perform--and, do you know, he quite feels that this unexpected gift
of the chantry window is in some way a return for his courage in
preaching that sermon."

Mrs. Fetherel smiled faintly. "Does he feel that?"

"Yes; he really does. When the funds for the window were so
mysteriously placed at his disposal, just as he had begun to despair
of raising them, he assured me that he could not help connecting the
fact with his denunciation of your book."

"Dear uncle!" sighed Mrs. Fetherel. "Did he say that?"

"And now," continued Mrs. Gollinger, with cumulative rapture--"now
that you are about to show, by appearing at the ceremony to-day,
that there has been no break in your friendly relations, the dear
Bishop's happiness will be complete. He was so longing to have you
come to the unveiling!"

"He might have counted on me," said Mrs. Fetherel, still smiling.

"Ah, that is so beautifully forgiving of you!" cried Mrs. Gollinger,
enthusiastically. "But then, the Bishop has always assured me that
your real nature was very different from that which--if you will
pardon my saying so--seems to be revealed by your brilliant
but--er--rather subversive book. 'If you only knew my niece, dear
Mrs. Gollinger,' he always said, 'you would see that her novel was
written in all innocence of heart;' and to tell you the truth, when
I first read the book I didn't think it so very, _very_ shocking. It
wasn't till the dear Bishop had explained tome--but, dear me, I
mustn't take up your time in this way when so many others are
anxious to have a word with you."

Mrs. Fetherel glanced at her in surprise, and Mrs. Gollinger
continued, with a playful smile: "You forget that your face is
familiar to thousands whom you have never seen. We all recognized
you the moment you entered the train, and my friends here are so
eager to make your acquaintance--even those"--her smile
deepened--"who thought the dear Bishop not _quite unjustified_ in
his attack on your remarkable novel."


V

A religious light filled the chantry of Ossining Cathedral, filtering
through the linen curtain which veiled the central window, and
mingling with the blaze of tapers on the richly adorned altar.

In this devout atmosphere, agreeably laden with the incense-like
aroma of Easter lilies and forced lilacs, Mrs. Fetherel knelt with a
sense of luxurious satisfaction. Beside her sat Archer Hynes, who
had remembered that there was to be a church scene in his next
novel, and that his impressions of the devotional environment needed
refreshing. Mrs. Fetherel was very happy. She was conscious that her
entrance had sent a thrill through the female devotees who packed
the chantry, and she had humor enough to enjoy the thought that, but
for the good Bishop's denunciation of her book, the heads of his
flock would not have been turned so eagerly in her direction.
Moreover, as she had entered she had caught sight of a society
reporter, and she knew that her presence, and the fact that she was
accompanied by Hynes, would be conspicuously proclaimed in the
morning papers. All these evidences of the success of her handiwork
might have turned a calmer head than Mrs. Fetherel's; and though she
had now learned to dissemble her gratification, it still filled her
inwardly with a delightful glow.

The Bishop was somewhat late in appearing, and she employed the
interval in meditating on the plot of her next novel, which was
already partly sketched out, but for which she had been unable to
find a satisfactory denouement. By a not uncommon process of
ratiocination, Mrs. Fetherel's success had convinced her of her
vocation. She was sure now that it was her duty to lay bare the
secret plague-spots of society, and she was resolved that there
should be no doubt as to the purpose of her new book. Experience had
shown her that where she had fancied she was calling a spade a spade
she had in fact been alluding in guarded terms to the drawing-room
shovel. She was determined not to repeat the same mistake, and she
flattered herself that her coming novel would not need an episcopal
denunciation to insure its sale, however likely it was to receive
this crowning evidence of success.

She had reached this point in her meditations when the choir burst
into song and the ceremony of the unveiling began. The Bishop,
almost always felicitous in his addresses to the fair sex, was never
more so than when he was celebrating the triumph of one of his
cherished purposes. There was a peculiar mixture of Christian
humility and episcopal exultation in the manner with which he called
attention to the Creator's promptness in responding to his demand
for funds, and he had never been more happily inspired than in
eulogizing the mysterious gift of the chantry window.

Though no hint of the donor's identity had been allowed to escape
him, it was generally understood that the Bishop knew who had given
the window, and the congregation awaited in a flutter of suspense
the possible announcement of a name. None came, however, though the
Bishop deliciously titillated the curiosity of his flock by circling
ever closer about the interesting secret. He would not disguise from
them, he said, that the heart which had divined his inmost wish had
been a woman's--is it not to woman's intuitions that more than half
the happiness of earth is owing? What man is obliged to learn by the
laborious process of experience, woman's wondrous instinct tells her
at a glance; and so it had been with this cherished scheme, this
unhoped-for completion of their beautiful chantry. So much, at
least, he was allowed to reveal; and indeed, had he not done so, the
window itself would have spoken for him, since the first glance at
its touching subject and exquisite design would show it to have
originated in a woman's heart. This tribute to the sex was received
with an audible sigh of contentment, and the Bishop, always
stimulated by such evidence of his sway over his hearers, took up
his theme with gathering eloquence.

Yes--a woman's heart had planned the gift, a woman's hand had
executed it, and, might he add, without too far withdrawing the veil
in which Christian beneficence ever loved to drape its acts--might
he add that, under Providence, a book, a simple book, a mere tale,
in fact, had had its share in the good work for which they were
assembled to give thanks?

At this unexpected announcement, a ripple of excitement ran through
the assemblage, and more than one head was abruptly turned in the
direction of Mrs. Fetherel, who sat listening in an agony of wonder
and confusion. It did not escape the observant novelist at her side
that she drew down her veil to conceal an uncontrollable blush, and
this evidence of dismay caused him to fix an attentive gaze on her,
while from her seat across the aisle, Mrs. Gollinger sent a smile of
unctuous approval.

"A book--a simple book--" the Bishop's voice went on above this
flutter of mingled emotions. "What is a book? Only a few pages and a
little ink--and yet one of the mightiest instruments which
Providence has devised for shaping the destinies of man . .. one of
the most powerful influences for good or evil which the Creator has
placed in the hands of his creatures..."

The air seemed intolerably close to Mrs. Fetherel, and she drew out
her scent-bottle, and then thrust it hurriedly away, conscious that
she was still the center of an unenviable attention. And all the
while the Bishop's voice droned on...

"And of all forms of literature, fiction is doubtless that which has
exercised the greatest sway, for good or ill, over the passions and
imagination of the masses. Yes, my friends, I am the first to
acknowledge it--no sermon, however eloquent, no theological
treatise, however learned and convincing, has ever inflamed the
heart and imagination like a novel--a simple novel. Incalculable is
the power exercised over humanity by the great magicians of the
pen--a power ever enlarging its boundaries and increasing its
responsibilities as popular education multiplies the number of
readers....Yes, it is the novelist's hand which can pour balm on
countless human sufferings, or inoculate mankind with the festering
poison of a corrupt imagination...."

Mrs. Fetherel had turned white, and her eyes were fixed with a blind
stare of anger on the large-sleeved figure in the center of the
chancel.

"And too often, alas, it is the poison and not the balm which the
unscrupulous hand of genius proffers to its unsuspecting readers.
But, my friends, why should I continue? None know better than an
assemblage of Christian women, such as I am now addressing, the
beneficent or baleful influences of modern fiction; and so, when I
say that this beautiful chantry window of ours owes its existence in
part to the romancer's pen"--the Bishop paused, and bending forward,
seemed to seek a certain face among the countenances eagerly
addressed to his--"when I say that this pen, which for personal
reasons it does not become me to celebrate unduly--"

Mrs. Fetherel at this point half rose, pushing back her chair, which
scraped loudly over the marble floor; but Hynes involuntarily laid a
warning hand on her arm, and she sank down with a confused murmur
about the heat.

"--When I confess that this pen, which for once at least has proved
itself so much mightier than the sword, is that which was inspired
to trace the simple narrative of 'Through a Glass Brightly'"--Mrs.
Fetherel looked up with a gasp of mingled relief and anger--"when I
tell you, my dear friends, that it was your Bishop's own work which
first roused the mind of one of his flock to the crying need of a
chantry window, I think you will admit that I am justified in
celebrating the triumphs of the pen, even though it be the modest
instrument which your own Bishop wields."

The Bishop paused impressively, and a faint gasp of surprise and
disappointment was audible throughout the chantry. Something very
different from this conclusion had been expected, and even Mrs.
Gollinger's lips curled with a slightly ironic smile. But Archer
Hynes's attention was chiefly reserved for Mrs. Fetherel, whose face
had changed with astonishing rapidity from surprise to annoyance,
from annoyance to relief, and then back again to something very like
indignation.

The address concluded, the actual ceremony of the unveiling was
about to take place, and the attention of the congregation soon
reverted to the chancel, where the choir had grouped themselves
beneath the veiled window, prepared to burst into a chant of praise
as the Bishop drew back the hanging. The moment was an impressive
one, and every eye was fixed on the curtain. Even Hynes's gaze
strayed to it for a moment, but soon returned to his neighbor's
face; and then he perceived that Mrs. Fetherel, alone of all the
persons present, was not looking at the window. Her eyes were fixed
in an indignant stare on the Bishop; a flush of anger burned
becomingly under her veil, and her hands nervously crumpled the
beautifully printed program of the ceremony.

Hynes broke into a smile of comprehension. He glanced at the Bishop,
and back at the Bishop's niece; then, as the episcopal hand was
solemnly raised to draw back the curtain, he bent and whispered in
Mrs. Fetherel's ear:

"Why, you gave it yourself! You wonderful woman, of course you gave
it yourself!"

Mrs. Fetherel raised her eyes to his with a start. Her blush
deepened and her lips shaped a hasty "No"; but the denial was
deflected into the indignant murmur--"It wasn't _his_ silly book
that did it anyhow!"


Edith Wharton


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