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Dedication -- To India, So have I read this wonderful and spirit-thrilling speech, By Krishna and Prince Arjun held, discoursing each with each; So have I writ its wisdom here,--its hidden mystery, For England; O our India! as dear to me as She!--Edwin Arnold
Through the eighteen chapters lord Krishna makes Arjuna understand the philosophy of Karma, who finally agrees to follow the Nishkama path for salvation and prepares to fight the Kuravas, despite them being his kin: as the duty of a Kshtriya is to fight the battles for upholding the dignity of their kingdom. The book harps on fulfilling one's duty without worrying about the fruits of it. Lord Krishna uses the dualistic philosophy: Sankhya to explain the distinction between the physical and the spiritual. He says that the spirit never dies, and like old clothes are changed for the new, the body thus, dies only to gain a new one. The soul or Atma is untouched by the cycle of life and death. The lord further advocates a yogic life for Moksha or Salvation. He distinguishes between three yogas: Knowledge, bhakti and Karma, saying that the last one is for yogis and is the best.--Submitted by Anonymous
After spending twelve years in forest and one year in disguise the Padavas want their kingdom back from Kauravas which is rightfully theirs, but wicked and proud Duryodhan refuses. Which leads to the Mahabharat, a war between Pandavas & Kauravas. Arjuna, a Pandava & the best warrior of his time is left dejected and lost even before the war begins, he cannot kill the Kauravas, who are his teachers, cousins, friends and relatives. He asks Krishna(the God & his charioteer) to take him in middle of the two armies, upon seeing the his kinsmen on their side, he loses his bow & arrow and tells Krishna, he can't fight them. Now, Krishna tells through eighteen chapters what a Kshatriya ought to do, keeping his emotions aside. Krishna uses various method trying to pursue Arjuna to put himself together and fight, if he wins he will rule the earth and if he dies he will be a martyr, hence will rule the heaven, a "win-win" for him. Arjuna is not easily convinced though. Krishna during this discourse also shows Arjuna his real stature of God which is larger than life figure which actually awestruck as well as terrifies Arjuna. Book is essentially teaches not just Arjuna but to us the importance of working towards ones objective without being attached to its fruits and how to remain detached from worldly pleasures.--Submitted by Prashant Yadav
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