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Chapter 92


Already has White-Jacket chronicled the mishaps and inconveniences,
troubles and tribulations of all sorts brought upon him by that
unfortunate but indispensable garment of his. But now it befalls
him to record how this jacket, for the second and last time, came
near proving his shroud.

Of a pleasant midnight, our good frigate, now somewhere off the Capes
of Virginia, was running on bravely, when the breeze, gradually dying,
left us slowly gliding toward our still invisible port.

Headed by Jack Chase, the quarter-watch were reclining in the top,
talking about the shore delights into which they intended to plunge,
while our captain often broke in with allusions to similar
conversations when he was on board the English line-of-battle ship,
the Asia, drawing nigh to Portsmouth, in England, after the battle
of Navarino.

Suddenly an order was given to set the main-top-gallant-stun'-sail,
and the halyards not being rove, Jack Chase assigned to me that duty.
Now this reeving of the halyards of a main-top-gallant-stun'-sail is a
business that eminently demands sharpsightedness, skill, and celerity.

Consider that the end of a line, some two hundred feet long, is
to be carried aloft, in your teeth, if you please, and dragged
far out on the giddiest of yards, and after being wormed and
twisted about through all sorts of intricacies--turning abrupt
corners at the abruptest of angles--is to be dropped, clear of
all obstructions, in a straight plumb-line right down to the
deck. In the course of this business, there is a multitude of
sheeve-holes and blocks, through which you must pass it; often
the rope is a very tight fit, so as to make it like threading a
fine cambric needle with rather coarse thread. Indeed, it is a
thing only deftly to be done, even by day. Judge, then, what it
must be to be threading cambric needles by night, and at sea,
upward of a hundred feet aloft in the air.

With the end of the line in one hand, I was mounting the top-mast
shrouds, when our Captain of the Top told me that I had better
off jacket; but though it was not a very cold night, I had been
reclining so long in the top, that I had become somewhat chilly,
so I thought best not to comply with the hint.

Having reeved the line through all the inferior blocks, I went
out with it to the end of the weather-top-gallant-yard-arm, and
was in the act of leaning over and passing it through the
suspended jewel-block there, when the ship gave a plunge in the
sudden swells of the calm sea, and pitching me still further over
the yard, threw the heavy skirts of my jacket right over my head,
completely muffling me. Somehow I thought it was the sail that
had flapped, and, under that impression, threw up my hands to
drag it from my head, relying upon the sail itself to support me
meanwhile. Just then the ship gave another sudden jerk, and,
head-foremost, I pitched from the yard. I knew where I was, from
the rush of the air by my ears, but all else was a nightmare. A
bloody film was before my eyes, through which, ghost-like, passed
and repassed my father, mother, and sisters. An utterable nausea
oppressed me; I was conscious of gasping; there seemed no breath
in my body. It was over one hundred feet that I fell--down, down,
with lungs collapsed as in death. Ten thousand pounds of shot
seemed tied to my head, as the irresistible law of gravitation
dragged me, head foremost and straight as a die, toward the
infallible centre of this terraqueous globe. All I had seen, and
read, and heard, and all I had thought and felt in my life,
seemed intensified in one fixed idea in my soul. But dense as
this idea was, it was made up of atoms. Having fallen from the
projecting yard-arm end, I was conscious of a collected
satisfaction in feeling, that I should not be dashed on the deck,
but would sink into the speechless profound of the sea.

With the bloody, blind film before my eyes, there was a still
stranger hum in my head, as if a hornet were there; and I thought
to myself, Great God! this is Death! Yet these thoughts were
unmixed with alarm. Like frost-work that flashes and shifts its
scared hues in the sun, all my braided, blended emotions were in
themselves icy cold and calm.

So protracted did my fall seem, that I can even now recall the
feeling of wondering how much longer it would be, ere all was
over and I struck. Time seemed to stand still, and all the worlds
seemed poised on their poles, as I fell, soul-becalmed, through
the eddying whirl and swirl of the maelstrom air.

At first, as I have said, I must have been precipitated head-
foremost; but I was conscious, at length, of a swift, flinging
motion of my limbs, which involuntarily threw themselves out, so
that at last I must have fallen in a heap. This is more likely,
from the circumstance, that when I struck the sea, I felt as if
some one had smote me slantingly across the shoulder and along
part of my right side.

As I gushed into the sea, a thunder-boom sounded in my ear; my
soul seemed flying from my mouth. The feeling of death flooded
over me with the billows. The blow from the sea must have turned
me, so that I sank almost feet foremost through a soft, seething
foamy lull. Some current seemed hurrying me away; in a trance I
yielded, and sank deeper down with a glide. Purple and pathless
was the deep calm now around me, flecked by summer lightnings in
an azure afar. The horrible nausea was gone; the bloody, blind
film turned a pale green; I wondered whether I was yet dead, or
still dying. But of a sudden some fashionless form brushed my
side--some inert, coiled fish of the sea; the thrill of being
alive again tingled in my nerves, and the strong shunning of
death shocked me through.

For one instant an agonising revulsion came over me as I found
myself utterly sinking. Next moment the force of my fall was
expanded; and there I hung, vibrating in the mid-deep. What wild
sounds then rang in my ear! One was a soft moaning, as of low
waves on the beach; the other wild and heartlessly jubilant, as
of the sea in the height of a tempest. Oh soul! thou then heardest
life and death: as he who stands upon the Corinthian shore hears
both the Ionian and the Aegean waves. The life-and-death poise
soon passed; and then I found myself slowly ascending, and caught
a dim glimmering of light.

Quicker and quicker I mounted; till at last I bounded up like a
buoy, and my whole head was bathed in the blessed air.

I had fallen in a line with the main-mast; I now found myself
nearly abreast of the mizzen-mast, the frigate slowly gliding by
like a black world in the water. Her vast hull loomed out of the
night, showing hundreds of seamen in the hammock-nettings, some
tossing over ropes, others madly flinging overboard the hammocks;
but I was too far out from them immediately to reach what they
threw. I essayed to swim toward the ship; but instantly I was
conscious of a feeling like being pinioned in a feather-bed, and,
moving my hands, felt my jacket puffed out above my tight girdle
with water. I strove to tear it off; but it was looped together
here and there, and the strings were not then to be sundered by
hand. I whipped out my knife, that was tucked at my belt, and
ripped my jacket straight up and down, as if I were ripping open
myself. With a violent struggle I then burst out of it, and was
free. Heavily soaked, it slowly sank before my eyes.

Sink! sink! oh shroud! thought I; sink forever! accursed jacket
that thou art!

"See that white shark!" cried a horrified voice from the
taffrail; "he'll have that man down his hatchway! Quick! the
_grains!_ the _grains!_"

The next instant that barbed bunch of harpoons pierced through
and through the unfortunate jacket, and swiftly sped down with it
out of sight.

Being now astern of the frigate, I struck out boldly toward the
elevated pole of one of the life-buoys which had been cut away.
Soon after, one of the cutters picked me up. As they dragged me
out of the water into the air, the sudden transition of elements
made my every limb feel like lead, and I helplessly sunk into the
bottom of the boat.

Ten minutes after, I was safe on board, and, springing aloft, was
ordered to reeve anew the stun'-sail-halyards, which, slipping
through the blocks when I had let go the end, had unrove and
fallen to the deck.

The sail was soon set; and, as if purposely to salute it, a gentle
breeze soon came, and the Neversink once more glided over the water,
a soft ripple at her bows, and leaving a tranquil wake behind.

Herman Melville