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Chapter 1

Mrs. Munden had not yet been to my studio on so good a pretext as when she
first intimated that it would be quite open to me--should I only care, as
she called it, to throw the handkerchief--to paint her beautiful sister-in-
law. I needn't go here more than is essential into the question of Mrs.
Munden, who would really, by the way, be a story in herself. She has a
manner of her own of putting things, and some of those she has put to me--!
Her implication was that Lady Beldonald hadn't only seen and admired
certain examples of my work, but had literally been prepossessed in favour
of the painter's "personality." Had I been struck with this sketch I might
easily have imagined her ladyship was throwing me the handkerchief. "She
hasn't done," my visitor said, "what she ought."

"Do you mean she has done what she oughtn't?"

"Nothing horrid--ah dear no." And something in Mrs. Munden's tone, with
the way she appeared to muse a moment, even suggested to me that what she
"oughtn't" was perhaps what Lady Beldonald had too much neglected. "She
hasn't got on."

"What's the matter with her?"

"Well, to begin with, she's American."

"But I thought that was the way of ways to get on."

"It's one of them. But it's one of the ways of being awfully out of it
too. There are so many!"

"So many Americans?" I asked.

"Yes, plenty of THEM," Mrs. Munden sighed. "So many ways, I mean, of being

"But if your sister-in-law's way is to be beautiful--?"

"Oh there are different ways of that too."

"And she hasn't taken the right way?"

"Well," my friend returned as if it were rather difficult to express, "she
hasn't done with it--"

"I see," I laughed; "what she oughtn't!"

Mrs. Munden in a manner corrected me, but it WAS difficult to express. "My
brother at all events was certainly selfish. Till he died she was almost
never in London; they wintered, year after year, for what he supposed to be
his health--which it didn't help, since he was so much too soon to meet his
end--in the south of France and in the dullest holes he could pick out, and
when they came back to England he always kept her in the country. I must
say for her that she always behaved beautifully. Since his death she has
been more in London, but on a stupidly unsuccessful footing. I don't think
she quite understands. She hasn't what I should call a life. It may be of
course that she doesn't want one. That's just what I can't exactly find
out. I can't make out how much she knows."

"I can easily make out," I returned with hilarity, "how much YOU do!"

"Well, you're very horrid. Perhaps she's too old."

"Too old for what?" I persisted.

"For anything. Of course she's no longer even a little young; only
preserved--oh but preserved, like bottled fruit, in syrup! I want to help
her if only because she gets on my nerves, and I really think the way of it
would be just the right thing of yours at the Academy and on the line."

"But suppose," I threw out, "she should give on my nerves?"

"Oh she will. But isn't that all in the day's work, and don't great
beauties always--?"

"YOU don't," I interrupted; but I at any rate saw Lady Beldonald later on--
the day came when her kinswoman brought her, and then I saw how her life
must have its centre in her own idea of her appearance. Nothing else about
her mattered--one knew her all when one knew that. She's indeed in one
particular, I think, sole of her kind--a person whom vanity has had the odd
effect of keeping positively safe and sound. This passion is supposed
surely, for the most part, to be a principle of perversion and of injury,
leading astray those who listen to it and landing them sooner or later in
this or that complication; but it has landed her ladyship nowhere whatever-
-it has kept her from the first moment of full consciousness, one feels,
exactly in the same place. It has protected her from every danger, has
made her absolutely proper and prim. If she's "preserved," as Mrs. Munden
originally described her to me, it's her vanity that has beautifully done
it--putting her years ago in a plate-glass case and closing up the
receptacle against every breath of air. How shouldn't she be preserved
when you might smash your knuckles on this transparency before you could
crack it? And she is--oh amazingly! Preservation is scarce the word for
the rare condition of her surface. She looks NATURALLY new, as if she took
out every night her large lovely varnished eyes and put them in water. The
thing was to paint her, I perceived, in the glass case--a most tempting
attaching feat; render to the full the shining interposing plate and the
general show-window effect.

It was agreed, though it wasn't quite arranged, that she should sit to me.
If it wasn't quite arranged this was because, as I was made to understand
from an early stage, the conditions from our start must be such as should
exclude all elements of disturbance, such, in a word, as she herself should
judge absolutely favourable. And it seemed that these conditions were
easily imperilled. Suddenly, for instance, at a moment when I was
expecting her to meet an appointment--the first--that I had proposed, I
received a hurried visit from Mrs. Munden, who came on her behalf to let me
know that the season happened just not to be propitious and that our friend
couldn't be quite sure, to the hour, when it would again become so. She
felt nothing would make it so but a total absence of worry.

"Oh a 'total absence,'" I said, "is a large order! We live in a worrying

"Yes; and she feels exactly that--more than you'd think. It's in fact just
why she mustn't have, as she has now, a particular distress on at the very
moment. She wants of course to look her best, and such things tell on her

I shook my head. "Nothing tells on her appearance. Nothing reaches it in
any way; nothing gets AT it. However, I can understand her anxiety. But
what's her particular distress?"

"Why the illness of Miss Dadd."

"And who in the world's Miss Dadd?"

"Her most intimate friend and constant companion--the lady who was with us
here that first day."

"Oh the little round black woman who gurgled with admiration?"

"None other. But she was taken ill last week, and it may very well be that
she'll gurgle no more. She was very bad yesterday and is no better to-day,
and Nina's much upset. If anything happens to Miss Dadd she'll have to get
another, and, though she has had two or three before, that won't be so

"Two or three Miss Dadds? is it possible? And still wanting another!" I
recalled the poor lady completely now. "No; I shouldn't indeed think it
would be easy to get another. But why is a succession of them necessary to
Lady Beldonald's existence?"

"Can't you guess?" Mrs. Munden looked deep, yet impatient. "They help."

"Help what? Help whom?"

"Why every one. You and me for instance. To do what? Why to think Nina
beautiful. She has them for that purpose; they serve as foils, as accents
serve on syllables, as terms of comparison. They make her 'stand out.'
It's an effect of contrast that must be familiar to you artists; it's what
a woman does when she puts a band of black velvet under a pearl ornament
that may, require, as she thinks, a little showing off."

I wondered. "Do you mean she always has them black?"

"Dear no; I've seen them blue, green, yellow. They may be what they like,
so long as they're always one other thing."


Mrs. Munden made a mouth for it. "Hideous is too much to say; she doesn't
really require them as bad as that. But consistently, cheerfully, loyally
plain. It's really a most happy relation. She loves them for it."

"And for what do they love HER?"

"Why just for the amiability that they produce in her. Then also for their
'home.' It's a career for them."

"I see. But if that's the case," I asked, "why are they so difficult to

"Oh they must be safe; it's all in that: her being able to depend on them
to keep to the terms of the bargain and never have moments of rising--as
even the ugliest woman will now and then (say when she's in love)--superior
to themselves."

I turned it over. "Then if they can't inspire passions the poor things
mayn't even at least feel them?"

"She distinctly deprecates it. That's why such a man as you may be after
all a complication."

I continued to brood. "You're very sure Miss Dadd's ailment isn't an
affection that, being smothered, has struck in?" My joke, however, wasn't
well timed, for I afterwards learned that the unfortunate lady's state had
been, even while I spoke, such as to forbid all hope. The worst symptoms
had appeared; she was destined not to recover; and a week later I heard
from Mrs. Munden that she would in fact "gurgle" no more.

Henry James

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