IT befell that, as Gawain went forth one day with King Arthur, he
perceived him to be very sad and sorrowful. And Gawain was much
grieved to see Arthur in this state, and he questioned him, saying, "O
my lord, what has befallen thee?" "In sooth, Gawain," said Arthur,
"I am grieved concerning Owain, whom I have lost these three years;
and I shall certainly die if the fourth year pass without my seeing
him. Now I am sure that it is through the tale which Kynon, the son of
Clydno, related, that I have lost Owain." "There is no need for thee,"
said Gawain, "to summon to arms thy whole dominions on this account,
for thou thyself, and the men of thy household, will be able to avenge
Owain if he be slain, or to set him free if he be in prison; and, if
alive, to bring him back with thee." And it was settled according to
what Gawain had said.
Then Arthur and the men of his household prepared to go and seek
Owain. And Kynon, the son of Clydno, acted as their guide. And
Arthur came to the castle where Kynon had been before. And when he
came there, the youths were shooting in the same place, and the yellow
man was standing hard by. When the yellow man saw Arthur, he greeted
him, and invited him to the castle. And Arthur accepted his
invitation, and they entered the castle together. And great as was the
number of his retinue, their presence was scarcely observed in the
castle, so vast was its extent. And the maidens rose up to wait on
them. And the service of the maidens appeared to them all to excel any
attendance they had ever met with; and even the pages, who had
charge of the horses, were no worse served that night than Arthur
himself would have been in his own palace.
The next morning Arthur set out thence, with Kynon for his guide,
and came to the place where the black man was. And the stature of
the black man was more surprising to Arthur than it had been
represented to him. And they came to the top of the wooded steep,
and traversed the valley, till they reached the green tree, where they
saw the fountain and the bowl and the slab. And upon that Kay came
to Arthur, and spoke to him. "My lord," said he, "I know the meaning
of all this, and my request is that thou wilt permit me to throw the
water on the slab, and to receive the first adventure that may
befall." And Arthur gave him leave.
Then Kay threw a bowlful of water upon the slab, and immediately
there came the thunder, and after the thunder the shower. And such a
thunder-storm they had never known before. After the shower had
ceased, the sky became clear, and on looking at the tree, they
beheld it completely leafless. Then the birds descended upon the tree.
And the song of the birds was far sweeter than any strain they had
ever heard before. Then they beheld a knight, on a coal-black horse,
clothed in black satin, coming rapidly towards them. And Kay met him
and encountered him, and it was not long before Kay was overthrown.
And the knight withdrew. And Arthur and his host encamped for the
And when they arose in the morning, they perceived the signal of
combat upon the lance of the knight. Then, one by one, all the
household of Arthur went forth to combat the knight, until there was
not one that was not overthrown by him, except Arthur and Gawain.
And Arthur armed himself to encounter the knight. "O my lord," said
Gawain, "permit me to fight with him first." And Arthur permitted him.
And he went forth to meet the knight, having over himself and his
horse a satin robe of honor, which had been sent him by the daughter
of the Earl of Rhangyr, and in this dress he was not known by any of
the host. And they charged each other, and fought all that day until
the evening. And neither of them was able to unhorse the other. And so
it was the next day; they broke their lances in the shock, but neither
of them could obtain the mastery.
And the third day they fought with exceeding strong lances. And they
were incensed with rage, and fought furiously, even until noon. And
they gave each other such a shock, that the girths of their horses
were broken, so that they fell over their horses' cruppers to the
ground. And they rose up speedily and drew their swords, and resumed
the combat. And all they that witnessed their encounter felt assured
that they had never before seen two men so valiant or so powerful. And
had it been midnight, it would have been light, from the fire that
flashed from their weapons. And the knight gave Gawain a blow that
turned his helmet from off his face, so that the knight saw that it
was Gawain. Then Owain said, "My lord Gawain, I did not know thee
for my cousin, owing to the robe of honor that enveloped thee; take my
sword and my arms." Said Gawain, "Thou, Owain, art the victor; take
thou my sword." And with that Arthur saw that they were conversing,
and advanced toward them. "My lord Arthur," said Gawain, "here is
Owain who has vanquished me, and will not take my arms." "My lord,"
said Owain, "it is he that has vanquished me, and he will not take
my sword." "Give me your swords," said Arthur, "and then neither of
you has vanquished the other." Then Owain put his arms around Arthur's
neck, and they embraced. And all the host hurried forward, to see
Owain, and to embrace him. And there was nigh being a loss of life, so
great was the press.
And they retired that night, and the next day Arthur prepared to
depart. "My lord," said Owain, "this is not well of thee. For I have
been absent from thee these three years, and during all that time,
up to this very day, I have been preparing a banquet for thee, knowing
that thou wouldst come to seek me. Tarry with me, therefore, until
thou and thy attendants have recovered the fatigues of the journey,
and have been anointed."
And they all proceeded to the castle of the Countess of the
Fountain, and the banquet which had been three years preparing was
consumed in three months. Never had they a more delicious or agreeable
banquet. And Arthur prepared to depart. Then he sent an embassy to the
Countess to beseech her to permit Owain to go with him for the space
of three months, that he might show him to the nobles and the fair
dames of the island of Britain. And the Countess gave her consent,
although it was very painful to her. So Owain came with Arthur to
the island of Britain. And when he was once more amongst his kindred
and friends, he remained three years, instead of three months, with
THE ADVENTURE OF THE LION.
And as Owain one day sat at meat, in the city of Caerleon upon
Usk, behold a damsel entered the hall, upon a bay horse,* with a
curling name, and covered with foam; and the bridle, and as much as
was seen of the saddle, were of gold. And the damsel was arrayed in
a dress of yellow satin. And she came up to Owain, and took the ring
from off his hand. "Thus," said she, "shall be treated the deceiver,
the traitor, the faithless, the disgraced, and the beardless." And she
turned her horse's head, and departed.
* The custom of riding into a hall while the lord and his guests sat
at meat might be illustrated by numerous passages of ancient romance
and history. But a quotation from Chaucer's beautiful and half-told
tale of Cambuscan is sufficient:
"And so befell that after the thridde cours,
While that this king sat thus in his nobley,
Herking his minstralles thir thinges play,
Beforne him at his bord deliciously,
In at the halle door all sodenly
Ther came a knight upon a stede of bras,
And in his hond a brod mirrour of glas,
Upon his thombe he had of gold a ring,
And by his side a naked sword hanging;
And up he rideth to the highe bord.
In all the halle ne was ther spoke a word,
For mervaille of this knight; him to behold
Full besily they waiten, young and old."
Then his adventure came to Owain's remembrance, and he was
sorrowful. And having finished eating, he went to his own abode, and
made preparations that night. And the next day he arose, but did not
go to the court, nor did he return to the Countess of the Fountain,
but wandered to the distant parts of the earth and to uncultivated
mountains. And he remained there until all his apparel was worn out
and his body was wasted away, and his hair was grown long. And he went
about with the wild beasts, and fed with them, until they became
familiar with him. But at length he became so weak that he could no
longer bear them company. Then he descended from the mountains to
the valley, and came to a park, that was the fairest in the world, and
belonged to a charitable lady.
One day the lady and her attendants went forth to walk by a lake
that was in the middle of the park. And they saw the form of a man
lying as if dead. And they were terrified. Nevertheless they went near
him, and touched him, and they saw that there was life in him. And the
lady returned to the castle, and took a flask full of precious
ointment and gave it to one of her maidens. "Go with this," said
she, "and take with thee yonder horse, and clothing, and place them
near the man we saw just now, and anoint him with this balsam near his
heart; and if there is life in him he will revive, through the
efficiency of this balsam. Then watch what he will do."
And the maiden departed from her, and went and poured of the
balsam upon Owain, and left the horse and the garments hard by, and
went a little way off and hid herself to watch him. In a short time
she saw him begin to move; and he rose up and looked at his person,
and became ashamed of the unseemliness of his appearance. Then he
perceived the horse and the garments that were near him. And be
clothed himself and with difficulty mounted the horse. Then the damsel
discovered herself to him, and saluted him. And he and the maiden
proceeded to the castle, and the maiden conducted him to a pleasant
chamber, and kindled a fire, and left him.
And he stayed at the castle three months, till he was restored to
his former guise, and became even more comely than he had ever been
before. And Owain rendered signal service to the lady in a controversy
with a powerful neighbor, so that he made ample requital to her for
her hospitality; and he took his departure.
And as he journeyed he heard a loud yelling in a wood. And it was
repeated a second and a third time. And Owain went towards the spot,
and beheld a huge craggy mound, in the middle of the wood, on the side
of which was a gray rock. And there was a cleft in the rock, and a
serpent was within the cleft. And near the rock stood a black lion,
and every time the lion sought to go thence the serpent darted towards
him to attack him. And Owain unsheathed his sword, and drew near to
the rock; and as the serpent sprung out he struck him with his sword
and cut him in two. And he dried his sword, and went on his way as
before. But behold the lion followed him, and played about him, as
though it had been a greyhound that he had reared.
They proceeded thus throughout the day, until the evening. And
when it was time for Owain to take his rest he dismounted, and
turned his horse loose in a flat and wooded meadow. And he struck
fire, and when the fire was kindled the lion brought him fuel enough
to last for three nights. And the lion disappeared. And presently
the lion returned, bearing a fine large roebuck. And he threw it
down before Owain, who went towards the fire with it.
And Owain took the roebuck and skinned it, and placed collops of its
flesh upon skewers round the fire. The rest of the buck he gave to the
lion to devour. While he was so employed he heard a deep groan near
him, and a second, and a third. And the place whence the groans
proceeded was a cave in the rock; and Owain went near, and called
out to know who it was that groaned so piteously. And a voice
answered, "I am Luned, the handmaiden of the Countess of the
Fountain." "And what dost thou here?" said he. "I am imprisoned," said
she, "on account of the knight who came from Arthur's court and
married the Countess. And he stayed a short time with her, but he
afterwards departed for the court of Arthur, and has not returned
since. And two of the Countess's pages traduced him, and called him
a deceiver. And because I said I would vouch for it he would come
before long and maintain his cause against both of them they
imprisoned me in this cave, and said that I should be put to death
unless he came to deliver me by a certain day; and that is no
further off than tomorrow, and I have no one to send to seek him for
me. His name is Owain, the son of Urien." "And art thou certain that
if that knight knew all this he would come to thy rescue?" "I am
most certain of it," said she.
When the collops were cooked, Owain divided them into two parts,
between himself and the maiden, and then Owain laid himself down to
sleep; and never did sentinel keep stricter watch over his lord than
the lion that night over Owain.
And the next day there came two pages with a great troop of
attendants to take Luned from her cell, and put her to death. And
Owain asked them what charge they had against her. And they told him
of the compact that was between them; as the maiden had done the night
before. "And," said they, "Owain has failed her, therefore we are
taking her to be burnt." "Truly," said Owain, "he is a good knight,
and if he knew that the maiden was in such peril, I marvel that he
came not to her rescue. But if you will accept me in his stead, I will
do battle with you." "We will," said the youths.
And they attacked Owain, and he was hard beset by them. And with
that, the lion came to Owain's assistance, and they two got the better
of the young men. And they said to him, "Chieftain, it was not
agreed that we should fight save with thyself alone, and it is
harder for us to contend with yonder animal than with thee." And Owain
put the lion in the place where Luned had been imprisoned, and blocked
up the door with stones. And he went to fight with the young men as
before. But Owain had not his usual strength, and the two youths
pressed hard upon him. And the lion roared incessantly at seeing Owain
in trouble. And he burst through the wall, until he found his way out,
and rushed upon the young men and instantly slew them. So Luned was
saved from being burned.
Then Owain returned with Luned to the castle of the Lady of the
Fountain. And when he went thence, he took the Countess with him to
Arthur's court, and she was his wife as long as she lived.
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