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First published in 1719 under the title;
"The Life and Strange Surprising Adventures of Robinson Crusoe of York. Mariner; who lived Eight and Twenty Years, all alone in an uninhabited Island on the coast of America, near the Mouth of the Great River of Oroonoque; Having been cast on Shore by Shipwreck, wherein all the Men perished but himself. With An Account how he was at last as strangely deliver'd by Pirates. Written by Himself."
This novel is loosely based on the life and story of Scotsman Alexander Selkirk (1676-1721). He went to sea on the galleon Cinque Ports in 1703 under privateer William Dampier. After fears that their vessel had become unseaworthy (indeed it did sink shortly thereafter), Selkirk asked to be put ashore on one of the uninhabited Juan Fernández islands (now called Robinson Crusoe Island) about 400 miles off the west coast of Chile, South America. He was rescued in 1709 by Woodes Rogers (c.1679-1732). Rogers went on to write A cruising voyage round the world: first to the South-Sea, thence to the East-Indies, and homewards by the Cape of Good Hope (1712) which contained the first account of Selkirk's ordeal.
Sequels to this story are The Further Adventures of Robinson Crusoe; Being the Second and Last Part of His Life, And of the Strange Surprizing Accounts of his Travels Round three Parts of the Globe. Written by Himself. To which is added a Map of the World, in which is Delineated the Voyages of Robinson Crusoe (1719), and Serious Reflections of Robinson Crusoe
Hi friends, here is a clear example of what you can achieve with a habit of good behaviour in a form of a book. Daniel Defoe had written many books which everyone liked to read. Among them one is 'The Adventures of Robinson Crusoe' which comes in a category of must read books. My friends often discuss with me about each chapter of this book which I find as a very interesting thing. I am a great fan of this book and I request each and everyone who is reading this book to understand every line and read instead of going through simply. I hope that everyone understood at least a little bit through this introduction. Thank you for reading it.--Submitted by Shivangi
This is a must read for a teenager or a school-goer. This has all the ingredients necessary to keep an action lover spell bound. Though this was written nearly 2.5 centuries ago, this is very much readable for the present day generation. In this book we see the 'hero' Robinson Crusoe, a youngster, hungry for a life of adventure, sick of his 'comfortable position in his father's house. Thus he is an angry young man. He runs away from his home once in search of thrilling experience. He faces many odds at sea, but returns successful with gold dust and sets up a plantation in Brazil. This short stint turns his head and when a few estate owners request that he go to Guinea to bring a few slaves, whom they could share among themselves, he jumps at the idea. When they propose to him that they will pay for his passage and look after his lands he is more than ready to go. This voyage is star-crossed. His ship is caught in a violent storm and he is thrown on a strange island. Here he is forced to live for 28 years on his own. Everything he has, he makes scratch. The clothes he wears are made from goat skins, goats he breeds for his food. He builds a raft, a boat, and a ship on his own. He develops his own calender and his own ways of counting days. He grows crops, prepares furniture etc. He even trains a 'savage' to speak English. At last he reaches his plantation in Brazil, very old, matured and without any slaves. Then he gets married and has children. This this is an action-packed, thrilling story.--Submitted by O.R.Prakash, Lecturer, Mangalore, Karnataka.
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