Subscribe for ad free access & additional features for teachers. Authors: 267, Books: 3,607, Poems & Short Stories: 4,435, Forum Members: 71,154, Forum Posts: 1,238,602, Quizzes: 344

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772-1834), English lyrical poet, critic, and philosopher, whose Lyrical Ballads,(1798) written with William Wordsworth, started the English Romantic movement.

Samuel Taylor Coleridge was born in Ottery St Mary, Devonshire, as the youngest son of the vicar of Ottery St Mary. After his father's death Coleridge was sent away to Christ's Hospital School in London. He also studied at Jesus College. In Cambridge Coleridge met the radical, future poet laureate Robert Southey. He moved with Southey to Bristol to establish a community, but the plan failed. In 1795 he married the sister of Southey's fiancée Sara Fricker, whom he did not really love.

Coleridge's collection Poems On Various Subjects was published in 1796, and in 1797 appeared Poems. In the same year he began the publication of a short-lived liberal political periodical The Watchman. He started a close friendship with Dorothy and William Wordsworth, one of the most fruitful creative relationships in English literature. From it resulted Lyrical Ballads, which opened with Coleridge's "Rime of the Ancient Mariner" and ended with Wordsworth's "Tintern Abbey". These poems set a new style by using everyday language and fresh ways of looking at nature.

The brothers Josiah and Thomas Wedgewood granted Coleridge an annuity of 150 pounds, thus enabling him to pursue his literary career. Disenchanted with political developments in France, Coleridge visited Germany in 1798-99 with Dorothy and William Wordsworth, and became interested in the works of Immanuel Kant. He studied philosophy at Göttingen University and mastered the German language. At the end of 1799 Coleridge fell in love with Sara Hutchinson, the sister of Wordsworth's future wife, to whom he devoted his work "Dejection: An Ode" (1802). During these years Coleridge also began to compile his Notebooks, recording the daily meditations of his life. In 1809-10 he wrote and edited with Sara Hutchinson the literary and political magazine The Friend. From 1808 to 1818 he gave several lectures, chiefly in London, and was considered the greatest of Shakespearean critics. In 1810 Coleridge's friendship with Wordsworth came to a crisis, and the two poets never fully returned to the relationship they had earlier.

Suffering from neuralgic and rheumatic pains, Coleridge had become addicted to opium. During the following years he lived in London, on the verge of suicide. He found a permanent shelter in Highgate in the household of Dr. James Gillman, and enjoyed an almost legendary reputation among the younger Romantics. During this time he rarely left the house.

In 1816 the unfinished poems "Christabel" and "Kubla Khan" were published, and next year appeared "Sibylline Leaves". According to the poet, "Kubla Khan" was inspired by a dream vision. His most important production during this period was the Biographia Literaria(1817). After 1817 Coleridge devoted himself to theological and politico-sociological works. Coleridge was elected a fellow of the Royal Society of Literature in 1824. He died in Highgate, near London on July 25, 1834.

The above biography is copyrighted. Do not republish it without permission.

Forum Discussions on Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Recent Forum Posts on Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Nature and the Human Heart

Ode: Intimations of Immortality – 11 And O, ye Fountains, Meadows, Hills, and Groves, Forebode not any severing of our loves! Yet in my heart of hearts I feel your might; I only have relinquished one delight To live beneath your more habitual sway. I love the Brooks which down their channels fret, Even more than when I tripped lightly as they; The innocent brightness of a new-born Day Is lovely yet; The Clouds that gather round the setting sun Do take a sober colouring from an eye That hath kept watch o’er man’s mortality; Another race hath been, and other palms are won. Thanks to the human heart by which we live, Thanks to its tenderness, its joy...

The Men Who Stare at Goats - The ancient Mariner

In this movie, the character played by Clooney talk about this poem. He compares his story as the one of the ancient mariner. It's funny because the hero of the movie likes the nature and it is not surprising that he reads coleridge....

Share some verses

How many of you have read "Kubla Khan" by Coleridge? And what’s your favourite verse ? Well i have some and here they are, "A savage place ! as holy and enchanted As e'er beneath a waning moon was haunted By woman wailing for her demon-lover !"...

The Rime of the Ancient Mariner - my attempt at reading the poem

Like the title says, I recorded myself giving it a shot. You can hear it here: Let me know what you think. :D Cheers....

Motiveless malignancy?

Whats the name of the source/text/essay in which Coleridge described Iago's actions as 'Motiveless Malignancy'? I need the specific source for my scholarship exam tomorrow! Thanks!...

help please!

I need to come up with a food that I can take into my class that is representative of Coleridge's life or his poetry. If anyone has any ideas they would be greatly appreciated!! Thanks!...

can you come over plaes

:bawling: hello every body how are you? I hope you are fine I am a student in english literature college:) :) and I need your help so pleas do not disregard me now I will tell my problem:bawling: :bawling: I have a assignment which is about essay about the element of the narrative poetry found in Samuel Taylor coleridge's ((The Rime of Anciet of Mariner)) and this element is plot,sitting,them,character and the figure of speech. I can not find it because you know it is so long and I do not find time because I have a lot of exams and assignments :bawling: :bawling: I have to give it to the teacher at saturday so pleas I need your help thank ...

kubla khan-I get by with a little help from my friends

I need to interpret the last five lines of Kubla Khun for a lit class I’m doing as an independent study. I think there are several religious references and I also think that the “he” in line 50 is described with imagery from nature. But I really don’t know anything about interpreting poetry. Could someone please help me with this? How does the image of this person relate to romanticism?...

Did Coleridge ever write in Greek?

Did Coleridge ever write in Greek? I found a paragraph somewhere and it looked like it was edited by Coleridge. But I thought he was English.......

urgent help plz

I need help on my assignment and there a part where i have to explain his contribution of Samuel Taylor Coleridge's contribution to culture through their work and what critics have said about his work. (plz send me the original linkfor the critics part) help is much appreciated!! this assignment is due soon and I am stuck on this part. THANK YOU!!!!!...

The corpses - the rhyme of the ancient mariner

I am doing an essay on Frankenstein, which may sound strange, but in chapter five there is an extract from this poem. I have already interpretated it literally, and i was thinking along the lines of the fact that the mariner first veiwed the corpses negatively and then he described them as beautiful, which reflects the readers journey in Frankenstein when they believe the monster is evil, and then realise he just wants a friend. If that makes sense, it does to me lol! but i just need a negative quote for the corpses and a positive one. If any one could help that would be great if not it doesn't matter thanks xx...

i need books' name about Gothic elements in The Rime of ancient mariner or any info.

hiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii i reaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaally need you're help guys i should write about Gothic elements as general and especially in The Rime of ancient mariner ... any help i need book name to refer to or any information pllllllllllllllllllllllllllllz and if you know any book about ancient mariner symbolism -natural images-style or information and i will be thankful Regards...

Post a New Comment/Question on Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Quizzes on Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Related links for Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Here is where you find links to related content on this site or other sites, possibly including full books or essays about Samuel Taylor Coleridge written by other authors featured on this site.