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James Joyce

James Joyce (1882-1941), Irish novelist, noted for his experimental use of language in such works as Ulysses (1922) and Finnegans Wake (1939). Joyce's technical innovations in the art of the novel include an extensive use of interior monologue; he used a complex network of symbolic parallels drawn from the mythology, history, and literature, and created a unique language of invented words, puns, and allusions.

James Joyce was born in Dublin, on February 2, 1882, as the son of John Stanislaus Joyce, an impoverished gentleman, who had failed in a distillery business and tried all kinds of professions, including politics and tax collecting. Joyce's mother, Mary Jane Murray, was ten years younger than her husband. She was an accomplished pianist, whose life was dominated by the Roman Catholic Church. In spite of their poverty, the family struggled to maintain a solid middle-class facade.

From the age of six Joyce, was educated by Jesuits at Clongowes Wood College, at Clane, and then at Belvedere College in Dublin (1893-97). In 1898 he entered the University College, Dublin. Joyce's first publication was an essay on Ibsen's play When We Dead Awaken. It appeared in the Fortnightly Review in 1900. At this time he also began writing lyric poems.

After graduation in 1902 the twenty-year-old Joyce went to Paris, where he worked as a journalist, teacher and in other occupations under difficult financial conditions. He spent a year in France, returning when a telegram arrived saying his mother was dying. Not long after her death, Joyce was traveling again. He left Dublin in 1904 with Nora Barnacle, a chambermaid who he married in 1931.

Joyce published Dubliners in 1914, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man in 1916, a play Exilesin 1918 and Ulysses in 1922. In 1907 Joyce had published a collection of poems, Chamber Music.

At the outset of the First World War, Joyce moved with his family to Zürich. In Zürich Joyce started to develop the early chapters of Ulysses, which was first published in France because of censorship troubles in the Great Britain and the United States, where the book became legally available only in 1933. In March 1923 Joyce started in Paris his second major work, Finnegans Wake, suffering at the same time chronic eye troubles caused by glaucoma. The first segment of the novel appeared in Ford Madox Ford's transatlantic review in April 1924, as part of what Joyce called Work in Progress. The final version was published in 1939.

Some critics considered the work a masterpiece, though many readers found it incomprehensible. After the fall of France in WWII, Joyce returned to Zürich, where he died on January 13, 1941, still disappointed with the reception of Finnegans Wake.

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Forum Discussions on James Joyce

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Ulysses and Us: The Art of Everyday Living

Just cracked this open; anybody read it? What's the verdict? Good work getting Marilyn on the cover... It appears to be in two parts, an appraisal, and then a chapter by chapter breakdown. Plan is to really really really really really take my time, but, to read each chapter by chapter breakdown, and follow that up with the chapter in question. And drink whisky. I reckon this will be the last time I read the doorstop. I'm 40....

Great Nationalist Meeting at Borris in Ossory ( Ulysses )

Joyce is not refering to Daniel O'Connell as some people suggest, he is in fact refering to Michael Davitt the Irish Land League leader and MP who turned against Parnell when his affair with Kitty O Shea was revealed . Michael Davitt held 5 Great Meeting at Knockaroo Hill , Borris in Ossory, the last of the 5 took place in 1904 . The most commonly used headline when these meetings were being reported in local and national papers was " Great Nationalist Meeting at Borris in Ossory "...

Ulysses=Day : Finnegan's Wake=Night. Must one start with day?

Hello. I find Finnegans Wake much more to my liking then Ulysses personally. However, I once read that JJ stated that he expected his readers to pretty much dedicate their lives to his works as if they were religious canon...which they kind of are. Finnegans Wake IS MY BIBLE, or I have been reading it as such anyway. In any case since Ulysses is considered Day, is it absolutely necessary to start with Ulysses? Or is it just fine to read only one work of JJ...for me that is Finnegans Wake? It's well known that Finnegans Wake is connected to Ulysses and all of his other works. That they are all connected in fact, that one must read all of his works in order to understand what is truly going ...

Radio broadcast on Joyce by Terence White Gervais?

Hello. First post here - hoping someone may be able to help? Two part query: In Ellmann's biography of Joyce (page 715), Terence White Gervais (aka Terence White), an English poet, writer, musician and composer (and most definitely a Joycean), is mentioned as visiting Joyce in 1938, and asking him about the musicality of Finnegans Wake. I'm researching White Gervais - not as an academic, just for personal interest. He died in 1968, and an obituary mentions that he "broadcast a vivid account" of his meetings with Joyce - no further details. Radio, presumably. I can't track down any record of such a broadcast. But (1) someone else may know? On the other hand (2), I'm wondering if his rem...

James Joyce: A Personal Retrospective

JAMES JOYCE: some personal reflections A new biography of the famous Irish novelist James Joyce(1882-1941) was in bookstores this summer, 2012, or winter if you lived in the southern hemisphere as I do. It’s more than 600 pages and it’s by the British biographer Gordon Bowker--James Joyce: A New Biography.(1) This is not the Gordon Bowker who is the American entrepreneur and co-founder of Starbucks. Bowker’s book is a very useful and readable updating of Richard Ellmann’s classic life—a biography so magisterial, I am informed, that no one has really attempted to compete with it since its first edition in 1959 and its revised edition in 1982. Af...

Do u wanna read with me?

Hi, I am gonna start to read Dubliners by James Joyce, and i am so excited :) It would be amazing to read it chapter by chapter with someone and comment it here or, on skype,or on facebook or everywhere you want to. So is there someone that is reading it right now or is he gonna read it? Greetings from Italy :nopity:...

Emotion in Joyce

I'm a huge Joyce lover, but after reading a lot of critical work/exploration on him, I wonder if I'm missing the pieces that discuss the emotion in his work. Specifically Ulysses. I would love any recs! My favorite part of Joyce's work is the emotion in Ulysses, ie. when Stephen and Bloom connect at the end, when Bloom 'sees' Rudy, when Molly recalls Bloom's proposal, etc. I am always deeply moved by these types of scenes, but I haven't seen/read any critical commentary on the 'emotive power' of Joyce. Maybe this sounds too nebulous! I wonder if anyone else felt this way. Don't get me wrong, I love reading critical pieces on Joyce and have a lot of books on him -- it's just that emot...

James Joyce Summer School

Has anyone here attended the JJ Summer Schools in either Dublin or Trieste? I'm planning to go to the Dub one in July 2013 (they aren't holding it this summer b/c of the International JJ Symposium, which is taking place there). I'd be interested to hear about what it's like! It sounds amazing and I've wanted to attend since they first started them (late 80s??). I'm so excited that I finally can! :banana: (WHY is that not a dancing potato??? WHY!????) Any and all info welcome!...

Help with a portrait of the artist essay

Hi everyone, I'm doing an essay for grade 12 english. I have to compare the life of stephen daedelus to Bertrand Russel's view of "the good life". I have chosen to say that Stephen does not live a good life because for most of the story, his life lacks love, knowledge, and benevolence. Can anyone give me quotes that would directly tell those 3 subtopics? I was marked poorly because my chosen quotes would've answered the subtopics, but with explaining, i need quotes that the reader will know "he lacks love, knowledge, or benevolence" just from reading the quote, thank you :)...

Araby by James Joyce

I have recently read Araby by James Joyce and I found this story rather convolutedly written and it is hard to arrive at the exact theme Joyce had in mind. It seems this story is about putting forth his ideas about the pointlessness of love and religion, a kind of epiphany at the end of the story he had when the narrator encounters a lady promiscuously talking with two young men ignoring him at the bazaar. This is one of the few stories I have read recently and I like the plotless flow of the novel. I just want to put it for discussion since this is one of his best stories, artistically superb and indeed needing much illumination....

Silence, exile and cunning: James Joyce, a biography?

Hello, I wonder if somebody can recommend a biography of James Joyce. Not long ago I remembered Joyce’s often quoted sentence about “silence, exile and cunning”; I’d like to read a book that explores the relationship between Joyce’s upbringing in Ireland and his reaction against it, both through his actions (“expatriation" is the obvious answer) and through his art. Any suggestions? Thanks in advance. Oudis (The quotation -from “A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man”- is: «“You have asked me what I would do and what I would not do. I will tell you what I will do and what I will not do. I will not serve that in which I no longer believe, whether it call itself my home, my father...

Joyce, Portrait of the Artist....Stream of Consciousness or Free Indirect Discourse?

I was looking to get some insight into differences between Free Indirect Discourse and Stream of Consciousness. Every source I look to seems to have a different opinion on the matter. Apparently some believe the terms are almost interchangeable (or that some text selections are both). Others note that Stream of Consciousness explicitly implies first-person narration, while FID is marked by third. What would one consider the works of James Joyce. He is said to invoke both. Consider this passage for instance: Yes, his mother was hostile to the idea, as he had read from her listless silence. Yet her mistrust pricked him more keenly than his father's pride and he thou...

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