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  1. #361
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    Notitle, Czar Peter's 1725 death

    As a prologue:

    To answer the question on Czar Peter's death,one must first check and record the whereabouts and interests of our hero's aliases known to have been to the North of Europe, ie not just Russia but countries and towns on or en route to the Baltic sea.

    These are:
    • Hasse, Bach, Swedeborg, Von Biron, Goldbach (perhaps Euler), Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp , later governor of Stettin under Frederick II (part of Prussia in 1725).
    • To the above we must add Peter's doctors, alive at the time of his death (Robert Erskine allegedly deceased earlier), ie: Blumentrost, Bidloo and Horn and other doctors nearby ie Johann Philipp Breyne,(9 August 1680 Danzig -12 December 1764 Danzig).
    • Finally, more tentative aliases discovered and partly confirmed to-day: Carl Gustaf Tessin, inventor Sven Åderman owner in 1723 of the estate of Halltorps on the island of Öland (belonging already to the Czar), Wilhelm Henning, (mining engineer then), General Munnich, (prototype for Baron Munchhausen, also busy in civil engineering works in St Petersburg at the time) and, cherry to the alias pie, another "stranger" (all previous have been): General de Saint-Saphorin, ambassador of Grear Brtitain in Vienna and éminence grise of british diplomacy in Switzerland to his (alleged) death in 1737 (yet "retired", building his chateau, in 1727).

    With nine newcomers, fifteen "suspects" in total,

    (to follow 1725 timeline when ready)

    P.S. Worth to note perhaps that among the many "Felix de Muy" belonging to Malta's Hospitalers, some (propably Scipion de Muy) are on record as "responsible" for the Baltic pre 1700 (Voila: Scipion de Félix de ia Reynarde, Chevalier de Malte, Commandeur de Baític.)
    Last edited by yanni; 05-02-2015 at 11:39 PM.

  2. #362
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    Smile Notitle, Czar Peter's 1725 death

    In short, Czar Peter's last months are as follows:

    Drs Blumentrost, Bidloo and Horn operated on Peter Ist in the summer of 1724 to cure his urinary tract and bladder infection however he never really recovered and was feeling sick everafter. He nevertheless visited first Schluesselburg (11th October), returning St Petersburg (27th October) and then, after asking in a letter his trusted associate general Munnich, responsible for carrying on the constuction of Ladoga canal in St Petersburg, to arrange for his overwater instead of overland transport, he proceeded to Lakhta in November were rumors want him saving some drowning sailors by sending his own boat for the purpose and walking into the water which might have affected his health leading him to his death in late January 1725.

    Returning first to our previous 1724 timeline, we find our hero in Paris March 1724(Voltaire) travelling north to Leipsig April 7th, (Bach), then in London May the 1st (as Amyand or Ant. Cocchi) and then, after Peter's 1724 summer operation, we see him again 25th of June in Gera(Bach), appointed assessor of mines by King Frederick of Denmark July 15th (Swedenborg) while he is in Köthen with Anna Magdalena for guest performances first days of July, reaching Paris (as Marivaux) July the 8th, departing (as Voltaire) October 10th to return to London( as Handel) October 31st, 1724.

    Let's check what his other "nordic" aliases were doing in re period, pre and post the Czar's death, exhausting all their "availalbe concrete data":

    • Hasse, who presented in Brunswick 1st August 1721 his first opera, must have rubbed elbows with Christian August (who on 14 August 1721, became a major-general), is next on record as having his serenata Antonio e Cleopatra, performed , September 1725 at Naples (if he did).
    • Christian August himself is next recorded, on 8 November 1727, in Vechelde (10 km west of Brunswick) marrying Johanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp*
    • We see Bach next in Leipsig, late January 1725, performing his-quite characteristic for the circumstances-church cantatas (What my God wants, may it always happen),[1] BWV 111, and (I have God in heart and mind), BWV 92, while also composing his "Rodelinda, regina de' Longobardi", onstage London, 13th Feb, when he also addresses a letter to The Right Honourable The Lords Spiritual and Temporal in Parliament, stating that he was born "at Halle, in Saxony, out of His Majesty's Allegiance", but being of the Protestant religion, and having "given Testimony of his Loyalty and Fidelity to His Majesty", he requested that his name be added to the bill 'An Act for Naturalisating Louis Sechenhaye'. While there he also does his marital duties, thus his son (John Montagu's) Edward Montagu Churchill Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer conceived late feb 1725).
    • At "The Natural philosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg: A Study in the Conceptual" by David Dunér, p.109, we find a letter to Emm.Swedenborg from his alleged "brother Jesper", February 1725, asking him on the arrest of a Benjamin Dunster (propably "Dunstér"), a Finn, who was arrested, December 1724, for pretending to be the late King Charles XII of Sweden,dead in 1718. Dunster, declared insane, died allegedly in prison 1730. ("brother Jesper" is propably Emm.Swedeborg's "coordinator" from London. King Karl's impersonation incident is for the swedish historian to explain.Imo, Benjamin Dunster was neither imprisoned, nor did he die Danemark, 1730 but lived to old age.)
    • After his marriage of 1723 to Benigna , we find next von Biron: "at Anna's coronation (19 May 1730), he became grand chamberlain, a count of the Empire, on which occasion he is said to have adopted the arms of the French ducal house of Biron, and was presented with an estate at Wenden with 50,000 crowns a year.[2]"
    • With regard to Count Carl Gustaf- with the unlikely for a swede family name of -"Tessin" (one has only to look for Mme Tencin's biography**, to find her connection to Montesquie/John Law and many more aliases of our hero and also find the name's provenance: I did, and the results will be published next,together with the last of our suspect aliases, his alter ego "Saint Saphorin):
    • He began his public career in 1723, at which time he was a member of the Holstein faction, which promoted the claims of the young Duke Carl Frederick of Holstein to the Swedish throne. In 1725 Tessin was appointed ambassador at Vienna, and in that capacity counteracted the plans of the Swedish chancellor, Count Arvid Horn, for joining the anti-Russian Hanoverian Alliance.He married Ulrika Sparre in 1727 and we may find the specific date looking at her, not his, wiki biography:She married Carl Gustaf on 27 August 1727 (see above what he did next in 1727, the rest of his story tallying with Voltaire's own).
    • Little is known about Inventor Sven Åderman, no "concreter" dates than :
    • In 1723 Frederick (Ist, King of Sweden from 1720, , died 25th March 1751)rewarded the military inventor Sven Åderman with the estate of Halltorps on the island of Öland, for improving the rate of fire of the musket.As a king, he was not very respected. When he was crowned, it was said; "King Charles we recently buried, King Frederick we crown – suddenly the clock has now passed from twelve to one". It is said about him, that although a lot of great achievements in the country's development happened during his reign, he never had anything to do with them himself. When he died, Carl Gustaf Tessin said about him:Under the reign of King Frederick, science has developed – he never bothered to read a book. The merchant business has flourished – he has never encouraged it with a single coin. The Stockholm Palace has been built – he has never been curious enough to look at it.
    • Christian Goldbach (& Euler): He became professor of mathematics and historian at St. Petersburg in 1725. He met Euler there, and when he left St. Petersberg three years later, he and Euler maintained an active correspondence. It was Goldbach who first whetted Euler's interest in number theory. In fact, what we refer to today as "Goldbach's Conjecture" (that every even integer is the sum of two primes), was first stated in a letter from Goldbach to Euler.(allegedly from Moscau June 1762)

    (Continued, first with detailed 1725 timeline("covering" the doctors triad) and then with "Saint Saphorin" and Munchausen/Munnich. Breynes wikibio contains just a list of science publications.)

    P.S 30/4/14 : Having yesterday added in previous timelines two more "nordic and morbid" events (Nov 1708 and Dec 1718), very much related and, for me at least, quite "conclusive" historically and very revealing of main hero's character, duties and "efficiency", I had then to face the dilemma either going back to examine the deaths of Carl of Sweden and his elder sister or carry on, as prescheduled, with 1725 timeline.
    It's not just that both options technically are equally hard or that my presentation schedule had to change:
    The discovery already of such a number of such distinguished "skeletons in the family closet" (both, family and "closet", total strangers to me until some fifteen years ago) deeply affected my mood to the downside, their ways being against all my beliefs, values, principles and aesthetic, which (BVP&Ae) they moreover so successfully had preached earlier, while acting the exact opposite, to then justify their metamorphosis thru Imm. Kant's corner-cutting transcendental philosophy,spreading the disease further downwards ....
    A true mess, perhaps well deserved, one might think, if blood carries the stigma of ancestor actions. Well, hoping it doesn't, after losing my sleep last night, I then thought it's for the Swedes to decide whether to rethink and review, or not, their 1708 &1718 losses and for me to proceed to 1725 as promised.
    Whether I then keep on going to 1815 is another matter: It gets even messier later-on and, satisfied that already sound foundations have been layed for the rest of "the story" to be revealed (one has just to follow researching each alias history to the end, following preferably the money trail), I'll propably end my posts after 1725 and " Saint Saphorin" (also "Saint Symphorien" originating from grk συμφορά ie calamity), may he rest- and leave us all- in peace!

    *just two weeks after, October 17th, 1727, with Bach himself at the harpsichord Bach's TRAUER ODE for the Funeral of Queen Christiane Eberhardine of Poland/Saxony was performed at a special Memorial Service, Paulinerkirche, Leipzig. (Libretto by Gottshed who also discovered Neuberin and her "mann" then: Mit dem Erwerb des sächsischen Aufführungs-Privilegs kam die Neuberin nach Leipzig. Die »Neuberin« fällt durch die Vielseitigkeit ihres Spiels, ihr Temperament und ihre Schlagfertigkeit auf. 1727 gründet sie mit ihrem Mann eine eigene Truppe, erwirbt das sächsische Aufführungs-Privileg und spielt mit ihrer Wanderbühne in den »vorzüglichsten Städten Deutschlands«. Leipzig wird sie von Gottsched entdeckt).

    **see : first reference:Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui [archive] sur le site de l'École des hautes études en sciences sociales.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-01-2015 at 02:53 AM. Reason: correct identity of "Jesper Swedenborg"

  3. #363
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    Timeline 1725 (preliminary).

    • 17th Jan 1725: Conceived John Wilkes (born 17th October 1725 – 26 December 1797).
    • ?? Johann Heinrich Friedrich von Cocceji (* 1725; † nach 1785).
    • February 8th [O.S. 28 January] Death of Czar Peter the Great.
    • 21st and 28th January: JSBach in Leispig plays cantatas BWV 111 etc
    • 13th Feb First Performance in London, Handel's Rodelinda, Date of Composition 1725-01-20.
    • Late Feb: Allegedly ((acc to Cockayne) conceived John Montagu’s son Edward Montagu Churchill Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer.
    • February 1725. Letter to Emm.Swedenborg from his alleged "brother Jesper", asking him on the arrest, December 1724,of a Benjamin Dunster (propably "Dunstér"), a Finn, for pretending to be the late King Charles XII of Sweden,dead in 1718. ("The Natural philosophy of Emanuel Swedenborg: A Study in the Conceptual" by David Dunér, p.109)(Note by Yanni: "brother Jesper" is propably Emm.Swedeborg's "coordinator" from London.)
    • March 5th: L’Île des esclaves, a one act comedy by Pierre de Marivaux was presented for the first time on at the Hôtel de Bourgogne by the Comédie Italienne.
    • March 30 – 2nd performance of Johann Sebastian Bach's St John Passion, BWV 245 (including 5 movements from his Weimarer Passion), at St. Thomas Church, Leipzig.
    • 2nd April: The Duke d'Orleans adresses letter to Stanislas on behalf of Louis XV asking to be married to his daughter Maria Lescynska.There were rumors before the wedding that the bride was ugly, epileptic and sterile.
    • 14th April. Baptised JSBach's tenth child, Christian Gottlieb.
    • 25th April Voltaire's Hérode et Mariamne at Commedie Francaise.
    • Henry Clinton: ..the refusal of Lord Pulteney(first Lord Bath) to follow Walpole's instructions led to his dismissal as Cofferer of the Household ....(and) April 1725 was dismissed from his sinecure. Clinton was appointed to replace him.
    • 6th May: Marie was forced to undergo a medical examination, which ruled out epilepsy and also gave reassuring reports about her menstruation and ability to procreate.
    • 12th May:Born Louis Philippe d'Orléans known as le Gros (the Fat).
    • April –May:Swedenborg appears as assessor in the (books of) board of Mines (Danemark) in the evaluation of advantages-disadvantages of the new technology.
    • The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath)[1] is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
    • Charles Frederick, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp, a nephew of childless Charles XII of Sweden and Anna wed after Peter's death, on 21 May 1725, in Trinity Church, Saint Petersburg. The couple had one child: Peter Feodorovich of Holstein-Gottorp (21 February 1728 – 17 July 1762)
    • 24th May: Christian August selected as a knight of Order of the Black Eagle in Stettin.
    • May the 27th the official announcement of the marriage (to Louis XV?) .
    • 7th June: Treaty of Vienna in which King Philip V of Spain allied himself with Habsburg Austria after his daughter's engagement to Louis XV of France was broken off.
    • 9th June: Francis Godolphin appointed Lord Justice of Great Britain (to Jan. 3, 1726 )
    • 12th June: Emilie married the Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet-Lomont.[8][note 1] Her marriage conferred the title of Marquise du Chastellet.[note 2] Like many marriages among the nobility, theirs was arranged. As a wedding gift, the husband was made governor of Semur-en-Auxois in Burgundy by his father.
    • 11th/22nd June: Letter in French to Michael Dietrich Michaelsen by Handel (London?)
    • 4th July: Stanislas and family reside at Strasbourg where, August 15th, the marriage takes place in paper, the King represented by cardinal de Rohan, grand aumônier de France, bishop of Strassburg. The marriage by proxy took place on 15 August 1725 in the Cathedral of Strasbourg, Louis XV represented by his cousin the Duke of Orléans, Louis le Pieux. Upon her marriage, Maria's Polish name was modified into French as Marie Leczinska. Marie was popular among the public from the beginning, such as when she handed out largesse on her way to her wedding in Fontainebleau
    • Frideric de Diesbach-Steinbrugg, baron de Diesbach, comte du Saint-Empire. Titre confirmé les 25 juillet et 25 août 1725 par Charles VI qui autorisa Frideric à régler lui-même de son vivant la transmission de son titre aux parents de son choix.
    • Voltaire: 1725-26 insulted by "le chevalier de Rohan, est mis à la bastille, puis passe en Angleterre"
    • July Goldbach: bewarb sich daraufhin im Juli 1725 bei dem Präsidenten der Akademie Lorenz Blumentrost (1692–1755) um ein Amt und erhielt den Posten eines Professors für Mathematik und Geschichte.
    • (July???) Blumentrost: 1724 gründete er auf Wunsch von Peter I. die Russische Akademie der Wissenschaften in Sankt Petersburg (erste Sitzung 1725) und wurde deren erster Präsident. Er holte (mit Unterstützung ....etc etc [(
    • Johann Wilhelm Koch hat in seinem Heimatort vom dortigen Kantor Johann Tobias Krebs d. Ä. seine musikalische Grundausbildung erhalten, war danach kurze Zeit am Weimarer Hof tätig. Bevor er sich 1725 an der Universität Jena immatrikulierte, ....
    • CASSINI, Jacques chevalier x CHARPENTIER, Suzanne Franηoise, 1725-08-03 -> Voir (micha84) (divorced, three Cassin(i) sons, by Suzanne)
    • Sept 5th: Louis and Marie first met on the eve of their wedding, which took place on 5 September 1725, at the Château de Fontainebleau. Marie was twenty-two years old and Louis fifteenThe young couple was reported to have fallen in love at first sight.[citation needed]. The relationship ....initially described as a happy one, ....Louis XV was faithful to her. In August 1727, Marie gave birth to her first children, twin daughters named Louise Élisabeth and Henriette Anne, at the Palace of Versailles.. (conceived late nov, early dec 1726-to check: checks positive, see ** ).
    • Emilie and her husband...moved there at the end of September 1725. Du Châtelet was nineteen at the time, her husband thirty-four. The Marquis Florent-Claude du Chastellet and Émilie du Châtelet had three children: Françoise Gabriel Pauline (born 30 June 1726, conceived 30 august 1725), Louis Marie Florent (born 20 November 1727), and Victor-Esprit (born 11 April 1733).[9] Victor-Esprit died as a toddler in late summer 1734, likely the last Sunday in August.[10] In 1749 Émilie du Châtelet gave birth to Stanislas-Adélaïde du Châtelet (daughter of Jean François de Saint-Lambert). She was born on 4 September 1749. The infant died in Lunéville on 6 May 1751.[11]
    • September: Hasse. his serenata Antonio e Cleopatra, was performed at Naples; .
    • 16th September 1725 – The Treaty of Hanover is signed between Great Britain, France and Prussia.The Treaty of Hanover was developed in response to the treaty of Vienna and was concluded by Great Britain, France and Prussia on September 3, 1725. George I, growing concerned about a potential conflict with Spain, signed the agreement linking France, Prussia, and the Netherlands (later acceded) together in opposition to Spain.[1][2]
    • Bach gives organ recitals in Sophienirche, Dresden, 19-20 Sept.
    • Necker: As from Sept 1725, Treaty of Hannover and in following years, he is acting as private secretary to Sir Thomas Robinson, 1st baron Grantham (brit embassador in Vienna and then secretary of state ), keeping records intending to write a book, now in the inventory of King's manuscripts at the Br.Library . (La connaissance du Saint-Empire en France du baroque aux Lumières 1643-1756, by Guido Braun) . (Thomas Robinson, 1st Baron Grantham, KB, PC (ca. 1695 – 30 September 1770) was a British diplomat and politician. Acc to wiki his term in Vienna was from 1730 to 1748)
    • 8th October 1725 Voltaire a Mme la President de Bernieres, Fontainebleu : writes he was in court playing Oedipe, Mariamne, L’Indiscret, was absent for a time, some time ago he was at Belebat with Mme de Prie, …Je pars dans deux jours avec le duc d’Antin pour allez a Bellegarde voir Roi Stanislas…dela je retourne a Belebat une second fois avec Mme Prie… hopes that his business will be finished shortly after, hopes to see her in November.
    • October 17th Voltaire letter to Thiriot , Fontainebleu:.. gossips, has been well received here by the queen "Supplément au Recueil des lettres de M. de Voltaire,Louis-Simon Auger"
    • Oct 1725 Voltaire's letter to George I, asking to come to London for his Henriade presentation (Henri IV, “the best of our Kings”*)
    • Desaguliers becomes zum Deputierten Großmeister again in 1725. Im Buch der Alten Pflichten, der ersten Großlogenkonstitution unterschrieb er die Widmung an 21John Herzog von Montagu, seinerzeits der reichste Mann Englands. Dem Aufbau der Grologenordnung widmete er viel Zeit und Arbeit. Auf ihn geht die Wiedereinführung von Trinksprüchen beim Jahresfest der Großloge und Tafellogen zurück. Ebenso reformierte er die Bekleidungsordnung vom Logenmeister und Logenbeamten.[2]
    • En novembre 1725, paraissait au Mercure de France, un article du père Louis-Bertrand Castel : Clavecin pour les yeux, avec l'art de peindre les sons et toutes sortes de pièces de musique. (Louis Bertrand Castel (15 November 1688 – 9 January 1757) was a French mathematician born in Montpellier, and entered the order of the Jesuits in 1703. Having studied literature, he afterwards devoted himself entirely to mathematics and natural philosophy. He wrote several scientific works, that which attracted most attention at the time being his Optique des couleurs (1740), or treatise on the melody of colors. He also wrote Traité de physique sur la pesanteur universelle des corps (1724), Mathématique universelle (1728), and a critical account of the system of Sir Isaac Newton in 1743.)
    • Notification de pension à Voltaire Date(s) : 14 novembre 1725 ( D255 (note 1), Best 248 (note 2), Lieu(x) : Paris
    • François-André Danican Philidor (September 7, 1726 – August 31, 1795), conceived dec 1725
    • JSBach and wife: She did return to Köthen with her husband for guest performances in December 1725 and in January 1728....
    • 27 Dec, Goldbach: Bei der konstituierenden ersten Sitzung am 27. Dezember 1725 fungierte er als Sekretär der Akademie.
    • John Montagu’s son Edward Montagu Churchill Montagu, Marquess of Monthermer (b. 27 Dec 1725).
    • Charles-Frédéric Necker (??) (1686-1762), «Prussien d’honnête famille, mais sans éclat ni fortune, établi à Genève vers 1725» (De Diesbach***, 1987 : 25), his access to the genevan bourgeoisie genevoise,in 1726 due to his sevice as secretary to general de Saint-Saphorin, ambassador of Grear Brtitain in Vienna and éminence grise of british diplomacy in Switzerland to his death in 1737.( IS “Voltaire".)

    *Voltaire borrows the phrase "The best of our Kings" from COKE, John (1563-1644), of Hall Court, Kynaston, Herefs.; Garlick Hill, London and Tottenham, Mdx.; later of Melbourne Hall, Melbourne, Derbys.

    **timeline extract for checking a likely propability:
    • November 1726 Euler eagerly accepted the offer, but delayed making the trip to St Petersburg while he unsuccessfully applied for a physics professorship at the University of Basel
    • Princesses Louise Élisabeth and Henriette Anne, conceived late nov, early dec 1726
    • Marie-Louise-Augustine de Laval-Tartiny, mariée, le 19 décembre 1726, avec Louis-Antoine Crozat, seigneur de Thiers, lieutenant général des armées du roi...

    *** Having just checked Frideric, prince de Diesbach's biography (1677-1751)" at, I can well understand his descendants eagerness to find who he really was.
    Last edited by yanni; 06-03-2015 at 01:52 AM. Reason: add C.F.Necker diplomat (and general) as from Sept 1725

  4. #364
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    To forum admin:

    Dates of passing of the following, dukes of Saxe Weimar, father and son , relating strongly to J.S.Bach and his alter egos Walther and Telemann, need be introduced in previous corresponding timelines. Please unlock "edit post" key. Thanks.

    Johann Ernst III duke of Saxe Weimar dies May 10th , 1707. He was the second son of Johann Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, and Christine Elisabeth of Holstein-Sonderburg.After the death of his father in 1683, he inherited the duchy of Saxe-Weimar with his older brother Wilhelm Ernst as co-ruler (Mitherr).Johann Ernst was an alcoholic; this, and his non-interest in the government, was taken advantage of by his brother, who became the only, autocratic, ruler of the duchy. However, until the time of his death, Johann Ernst served as co-duke, without any significant influence on the government.From March to July 1703, J. S. Bach was appointed to be court musician at Weimar.[1][2] He wrote the Organ Concerto No.1 in G Major, BWV 592, and Concerto for Organ solo in C major, BWV 595, after a theme by his son, Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar.[3]
    (Thus Johann Gottfried Walther (either an alias or brother of JSBach, propably Johann Jacob who doesn't die in 1722): Kurz darauf wurde er zum Musiklehrer des Prinzen Johann Ernst, Sohn des Herzogs Johann Ernst III. von Sachsen-Weimar, und dessen Stiefschwester ernannt, was ihm hohes Ansehen verschaffte.)

    Johann Ernst of Saxe-Weimar (German: Johann Ernst von Sachsen-Weimar)[1] (25 December 1696 – 1 August 1715) was a German prince, son by his second marriage of Johann Ernst III, Duke of Saxe-Weimar. Despite his early death he is remembered as a collector and commissioner of music and as a composer some of whose concertos were arranged for harpsichord or organ by Johann Sebastian Bach, who was court organist in Weimar at the time.[2]

    Same problem faces timeline entry of alias "Richard Temple, 1st Viscount Cobham" appointed by George I Envoy extraordinary to Vienna Oct. 1714–May 1715 ie during Samuel von Cocceji's term (Dec. 1714 to April 1715) in same post, representing Magdenburg/Hannover). Of note: Relative wikiarticle based exclusively on 2014 research data .

    In his turn, Viscount Cobham (Rich. Temple), guides research back to 1723 and.....Temple Henry 1st viscount Palmerston m. (1) 10 June 1703, Anne (d. 8 Dec. 1735), da. of Abraham Houblon of Langley, Bucks., gov. of Bank of England, sis. of Sir Richard Houblon, 3s. 2da.; (2) 11 May 1738, Isabella, da. of Sir Francis Gerard, 2nd Bt., wid. of Sir John Fryer, 1st Bt., of Wherwell, Hants, s.p. suc. fa. 1705; cr. Baron Temple and Visct. Palmerston 12 Mar. 1723.

    Also of particular (ethnic) interest is Rev Robert Keith, historian (emphasis on religion) Ordination, ordained 16 August 1710 (Deacon), , 26 May 1713 (Priest), 18th June 1727 (bishop) of Edinburgh. (Has passed successfully yanni's "alias litmus test")

    Next, of historic and genealogical importance....the marriage of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, (PM of GB following the death of his brother in 1754): On 2 April 1717* he increased his Whig connections by marrying Lady Henrietta Godolphin** the granddaughter of the Duke of Marlborough, a national hero following his victories in the recent European war and considered a Whig icon.[13] (Note by Yanni: a second brother of the main hero of our story has been evident for quite a time. Newcastle and his lookalike brother are both candidates for their roles, as such "not in bold" until later).

    A month later: 16 May 1717, Henry Clinton*, 7th Earl of Lincoln, KG, PC (1684 – 7 September 1728) ...married Lucy Pelham, a sister of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle, and they had two children...
    See the two bridegrooms chatting @

    *Source: The Complete Peerage of England, ... in eight volumes between 1887 and 1898 by George Edward Cokayne (G. E. C.).

    **Lady Henrietta Godolphin (d. 1776), married the 1st Duke of Newcastle, no issue[1]. She was a daughter of Francis Godolphin and his wife Henrietta Godolphin (19 July 1681 – 24 October 1733), 2nd Duchess of Marlborough (19 July 1681 – 24 October 1733) , daughter of John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough and Sarah Jennings, Duchess of Marlborough.

    P.S. To forum admin: I now understand your "reluctance" to respond to my above "allow edit" request. It's O.K.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-21-2015 at 05:57 AM. Reason: add alias Johann Gottfrded Walther

  5. #365
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    G. E.Cockayne and his peers.

    Having already developed-and partly expressed previously in this thread- doubts on G.E.Cokayne’s credibility as “source” for our “cockeynish” hero, and because of the distinguished 1725 timeline-entries of previous post of this morning, I then googled for G.E.C’s own heritage to discover the following :

    G.E.Cokayne, born on 29 April 1825, surnamed Adams, son of William Adams by his wife the Hon. Mary Anne Cokayne, a daughter of Viscount Cullen. He was baptised "George Edward Adams". On 15 August 1873 he changed his surname by Royal Licence to Cokayne. (Such changes were frequently made to meet the terms of bequests from childless relatives, often in the maternal line, who wished to see their name and arms continue.[1])

    Researching next “viscount Cullen” we find Albemarle Bertie, 9th Earl of Lindsey, 7th Viscount Cullen (1744–1818)), son of Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven (1714–1778):

    General Peregrine Bertie, 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven PC (1714 – 12 August 1778), styled Lord Willoughby de Eresby from 1715 to 1723 and Marquess of Lindsey from 1735 to 1742 was the son of Peregrine Bertie, 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven. Positions held Lord Great Chamberlain 1742–1778, Master of the Horse to Queen Charlotte 1765–1766, Master of the Horse 1766–1778, Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire 1742–1778, Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven 1742–1778 Son of Robert Bertie(who died 26 July 1723, and was succeeded by his son, Lord Willoughby de Eresby (Peregrine Bertie*), who executed part of his grandiose plan for the rebuilding of Grimsthorpe. The family’s enduring local influence ensured that two of his sons by his second marriage, Lord Robert and Lord Vere, gained seats at Boston.6.

    6. G. Holmes, Pol. in Age of Anne, 430; Lincs. AO, Massingberd mss 20/51, Burrell to Sir William Massingberd, 2nd Bt., 1 Feb. 1705; Macky Mems. 73; Duchess of Marlborough Corresp. i. 322; HMC Ancaster, 442–3; Pevsner, Lincs. 347

    Our efforts then reach deeper into the Bertie/Cockayne labyrinth thru “Ancaster and Kesteven, Dukes of”, 2nd and 3rd, @ as follows:

    Peregrine [Bertie], 17th Baron Willoughby de Eresby later 2nd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, PC
    Born 29 Apr 1686, died 1 Jan 1741/2, mar. Jun 1711 Jane Brownlow (b. 1689; d. 26 Aug 1736), 3rd dau. and cohrss. of Sir John Brownlow, 3rd Bt., of Belton and Humby, co. Lincoln, by his wife and second cousin Alice Sherard, 1st dau. of Richard Sherard, of Lobthorpe, co. Lincoln. Suc. By son .

    Note: Vice Chamberlain to Queen Anne 1702; Member of Parliament for Lincolnshire 1708-14; sum. to Parliament v.p. 16 Mar 1714/5 in his father's Barony of Willoughby de Eresby; Lord of the Bedchamber 1719; Privy Councillor 1724; Lord Great Chamberlain of England 1723-42; Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire 1723; Lord Warden and Justice in Eyre of the parts North of Trent 1734 ].

    Peregrine [Bertie], 3rd Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, PC
    born 1714, d. 12 Aug 1778,
    mar. (1) 22 May 1735 Elizabeth Nicholl (widow of Sir Charles Gunter Nicholl KB; dsp. Dec 1743), dau. and sole hrss. of William Blundell, of Basingstoke, Hampshire
    mar. (2) 27 Nov 1750 Mary Panton (d. Oct 1793), Mistress of the Robes to Queen Charlotte, dau. of Thomas Panton, of Newmarket, co. Cambridge, Master of the King's Running Horses,
    suc. By second son by second wife

    Note: Privy Councillor; Lord Great Chamberlain of England 1742-78; Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire 1742; Maj General 1755; Lieut General 1759; General 1772; Master of the Horse 1766-78; the 3rd Duke also had two illegitimate children: Admiral Sir Albemarle Bertie, 1st Bt. KCB, and Diana Bertie, the wife of Joseph Cator, of Ross, co. Hereford, and Bromley, co. Kent

    In other words, the two “Berties”, practically unknown before and, at first glance, not related to George I, were very close to roman catholic queen Anne and, curiously, also to her successors, the Hannover dynasty whereas, the sumtotal of their “squeezed” individual timespans (1702-1778) making “them” true contemporaries and closely associated (in lifestyle, span and duties) to our multitalented hero, “Voltaire”, dying May 1778, with the 3rd Duke following him in August.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-19-2015 at 02:00 AM.

  6. #366
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    alias "John Carteret", later Earl of Granville and others

    Readers are advised on today's identification of alias "John Carteret", later Earl of Granville. (

    The introduction of following text in relative previous timeline (1720-1722)....

    On 8th Nove (28 October O.S) 1720, Lord Carteret, (later Granville) arrived in Hamburg from his embassy in Sweden and listened with delight to Matheson, singing and playing the piano. (George Frideric Handel: Volume 1, 1609–1725: Collected Documents)....speaks for itself.

    Carteret, Mestral and Saint Saphorin families were somehow related:çois-Louis de Pesme de Saint-Saphorin

    By 1719, John Carteret was only surviving member of the Carteret family : At the time (1715-1720) however he was styled as Seigneur de Sark

    With regard to Saint Saphorin, the following timeline extract should be added to corresponding (1714) timeline:
    • John Theophilus Desaguliers Seit dem 29. Juli 1714 war er Mitglied der Royal Society.
    • Queen Anne, suffering from porfyria, (dies 1 August 1714) .
    • Sept 7th 1714 Saint Saphorin and the Elector of Hannover sign the Treaty of Baden. Eversince the Treaty of Utrecht of 1713, Saint Saphorin is a representative of canton XIII, trying bring Switzerland to the germanique alliance thus becoming Louis XIV's most dangerous enemy. (French representative Marquis Puysieulx wrote to Louis XIV: "he has the most dangerous and greedy spirit ihave known"). He is then representing Hannover, in the Treaty of Rastatt (March 6th, 1714 and of Baden (Sept 7th 1714)
      (Saint-Saphorin tente d'entraîner la Suisse dans l'alliance germanique, devenant de l'avis même de Louis XIV, l'ennemi le plus dangereux que la France eût en Suisse etc )
    • George and his father sailed for England from The Hague on 16/27 September 1714 and arrived at Greenwich two days later.[21] The following day, they formally entered London in a ceremonial procession.[22] George was given the title of Prince of Wales. Caroline followed her husband to Britain in October with their daughters, while Frederick remained in Hanover to be brought up by private tutors.[23
    • 28 Sept 1714 Robert Rich (1685-1768, 4th Bart of Rose Hall, field marshal) marries Elizabeth Griffith

    • François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis (22 May 1715 – 3 November 1794) conc sept 1714
    • 14 October 1714: Strafford not reappointed First Lord of the Admiralty (Viscount Wentworth of Wentworth-Woodhouse and of Stainborough and Earl of Strafford, Knight of the Garter, October 1712, First Lord of the Admiralty, 30 September 1712) However...after the death of Anne, he was one of the Lords Justices who represented George I until the new king arrived in Great Britain.[1]


    P.S.1, John Carteret has been checked "forward" as well and he "fits" quite well, particularly when diplomatic "truth" and "wealth" are taken into consideration. Still....the whole thing is.....bloody amazing!

    P.S.2, ...and there is also the story of John Carteret Pilkington (Handel's fireworks pianist) and his mother (married to Rev. Matthew, 1725(!)-allegedly) yet to be narrated. ( (propably same as "Matthew Dubourg" on record performing a concerto by Hendel , Feb 18th, 1719. See The Scoring of Baroque Concertos, by C. R. F. Maunder).
    Last edited by yanni; 06-15-2015 at 11:38 AM. Reason: add 1714 timeline addendum and more aliases

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    alias "Thomas Robinson, diplomat"

    ...his certification as such, will be the subject of next post. Th.Robinson's itinerary and correspondence are well documented in many online publications and therefor of great value to researchers of Voltaire and most other aliases and descendants of our hero.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-27-2015 at 05:51 AM.

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    Early 1730


    • •1. Januar Geburt Christiana Benedicta Bach († 4.1.1730)
    • Marivaux. The Game of Love and Chance was first performed 23 January 1730 by the Comédie Italienne.
    • Le 28 janvier 1730, une comédie de Philippe Néricault Destouches, Le Médisant.
    • Emperor Peter II died as dawn broke on January 30, 1730 – the day he planned to marry Ekaterina Dolgorukova.
    • 24 February: Partenope by Handel, London
    • Adrienne Couvreur, † 20. March 1730 in Paris, allegedly in the arms of Voltaire.
    • In the spring of 1730 Frederick revealed to Katte his plan to flee to Great Britain and to leave his harsh and despotic father, King Frederick William I. Katte tried to hold Frederick back, but at the end supported Frederick's plan to escape.
    • This news from London was reported in the Leeds Mercury April 7 to 14, 1730:A few days since, their Graces the Dukes of Richmond and Montague, accompanied by several Gentlemen, who were all Free and Accepted Masons, according to Antien Custom, formed a Lodge upon the Top of a Hill near the Duke of Richmond’s Seat, at Goodwood in Sussex, and made the Right Hon. the Lord Baltimore a Free and Accepted Mason
    • Montesquie Il est initié à la franc-maçonnerie au sein de la loge londonienne Horn (le Cor) le 12 mai 17302. Pour son appartenance à la franc-maçonnerie.
    • The coronation of Empress Anna.28th April 1730. Prior to her accession to the Russian throne, she was the regent of the Duchy of Courland from 1711 until 1730 ) At her coronation Calandro was performed -Ristori(music), St. Pallavicini (libretto); (Calandro premiered on 2 September 1726 in the court theatre at the Schloss Pillnitz near Dresden at the request of Maria Josepha of Austria to celebrate the return of her husband, Crown Prince Frederick Augustus from Warsaw.[1] It was probably Germany's first opera buffa, and after hearing a performance during the 1728 Carnival season in Dresden, Frederick Augustus' father August II asked for a copy of the score.[2] )
    • On the elevation of Anna to the Russian throne, Ernst Johann von Biron, who had married Benigna Gottlieb von Trotha gt Treyden (1703–1782) in 1723, came to Moscow and received many honours and riches. At Anna's coronation (19 May 1730), he became grand chamberlain, a count of the Empire, on which occasion he is said to have adopted the arms of the French ducal house of Biron, and was presented with an estate at Wenden with 50,000 crowns a year.[2] When Anna became Empress of Russia in 1730, the Biron couple both followed her to Russia, retaining their position as adviser and lady in waiting.
    • Nach dem Tod Peters II., zog der gesamte Hofstaat mit der neuen Zarin Anna wieder von Moskau nach St. Petersburg um. Goldbach folgte und nahm seine Aktivitäten in der Akademie wieder auf.

    • John Carteret in 1730 agreed to give up any participation in government in order to keep ownership of his share. This share was later defined as a 60-mile wide strip of land in North Carolina adjoining the Virginia boundary, and became known as the Granville District.
    • Thomas Robinson was England's ambassador to Vienna as from 1730.
    • En 1730, Changins fut acquis pour 79 800 florins par Armand-Louis de Saint-George, comte de Marsay (As from 1717 representing GB* in Geneva (see "Une résidence en République: le résident de France à Genève et son rôle face Fabrice Brandli,Michel Porret"), originaire du Limousin et ministre de Sa Majesté britannique à Genève*. Notons que c'est grâce à la dot de son aimable épouse Henriette-Catherine de Mestral, de Pampigny qu'Armand-Louis put acquérir Changins, puis agrandir au fil des ans la demeure et le domaine. Et sans doute édifier la charmante orangerie de molasse qui jouxte le château à l'ouest.
    • Ne manquons point cette anecdote, témoin des convictions religieuses du comte de Saint-George... Un jour que Voltaire lui rendait visite à Changins, il le trouva lisant la Bible. «Comment, vous croyez encore à ces bêtises?» Sans répondre, le comte héla son domestique et fit avancer la voiture du grand philosophe. Ses deux fils entrent au service de Hollande. L'aîné, Gabriel-Louis de Saint-George, comte de Marsay (1727-1801), devient maréchal de la Cour du Prince d'Orange, achète la seigneurie de Duillier en 1775. Il meurt sans postérité. Le cadet, Henri-Auguste, comte de Saint-George (1728-1809)** fait l'acquisition de la seigneurie de Chardonnay.
    • Seefeld Castle (lower Bavaria, near Innsbruck, Lichtenstein and Switzerland): in 1730 Count Ignaz Felix von Törring-Jettenbach *** was made field marshal of Bavaria.[1] Extensive construction was undertaken from 1730 onward, including a new brewery, cowshed and barn, an upgrade to the sawmill, replacement of the inner castle bridge, erection of a fountain in the outer courtyard and reconstruction of the gatehouse. The chapel also received much of its present furnishings in this period. In 1766 an extension was added on the east side. The chapel was rebuilt in 1775–76 and a French roof replaced the older steep gable roof of the castle.[2] The lodge to the southwest was built by Gabriel Seidl in 1897.[1] 1. Standort Seefled: Staatliches Museum Ägyptischer.

    *with Samuel von Cocceji, Thomas Robinson, Saint Saphorin , Karl Fried. Necker and Théodore Chevignard de Chavigny (distant uncle of De Vergennes) on same post, it must have been overcrowded.
    **contemporay (up to his death and....equally short of exact birth detail) to: Pierre Michel Hennin(1728–1807) ie Augustin Henri Cochin. (for their little secret, now unveiled, see Voltaire's letter to Pierre Michel Hennin of March 13th, 1776. Father and son!! Propably same as 1728 born Thomas Hans AMYAND c.15 May. Claudius AMYAND/Mary RABACHE, St.Anne To check if "same as" Immanuel Kant (covering up Swedenborg in summer of 1758, year of Thomas-Hans marriage to Francis Rider -acc to Cockayne).
    *** same as "Ignaz von Koch", secretary (and not only) to Maria Theresa of Austria.
    Last edited by yanni; 06-04-2015 at 10:54 AM. Reason: introduce footnote **

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    Quite exhausted, I'll address pending issues....

    a)"Johann Jacob Greber(!)" is an alias of "Johann Jacob Bach". "Johann Wilderer" is an alias of his brother "Johann Sebastian Bach", the two owners of two houses of same style and architecture (a theater included) on lake Lehman, Vaud, Suisse :
    b) alias "Thomas Robinson, diplomat" ...his certification as an alias

    and (new issue)

    c) Amo and Maupertuis, two exceptional philosophes of the 18th cent, closely related to "Voltaire" and his friend, Frederick II of Prussia.

    (They will guide us, later on, to 1740-1742, a "curiously dark" period of our heroe's timeline).

    ....when recovered and if still alive after eu "special greek taxation".
    Last edited by yanni; 06-22-2015 at 12:11 PM. Reason: (comment) on c) above.

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    More aliases of Handel-Bach-Cocchi etc etc etc

    G.F.Handel 23 February 1685 – 14 April 1759) is the same man as

    Brydges, 9th Baron Chandos (became a member of the Privy Council on 11 November 1721) and the same as

    Jean-Jacques de Ligniville (*1694, +February 18, 1769 Paris, Paris, Île-de-France)father of Mme Helvetius ie Anne-Catherine de Ligniville, d'Autricourt (*July 23, 1722, Nancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle, Lorraine+ August 12, 1800).

    .(if this thread is to be revived, something must be done to reduce time of loading!!)

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