Results 1 to 14 of 14

Thread: “Abbe Raynal”, another alias of “Rousseau-Saint Germain"

  1. #1
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    “Abbe Raynal”, another alias of “Rousseau-Saint Germain"

    Introductory

    Doubts concerning the relations between abbe Raynal, Gioachino Cocchi, Charles Nicholas Cochin, Baron von Gleichen*, Dupin de Franceuil, Madame d’Epinay and comte de Saint Germain, have been expressed,11-17-2006, at http://www.online-literature.com/for...t=15023&page=7 as follows:

    To begin with, when St Germain-Gioachino Cocchi "is in town", in 1748, theater lovers all around fall to his charms only, a "Dupin de Francueil" with a dubious theatrical expertise stepping quietly aside
    Furthermore, as Abbe Raynal and Baron von Gleichen are registered today among Mme d'Epinay's "elect few", often visiting her "salon", one can only wonder how St Germain is avoided when Cochin(CNC)- living nearby** btw at his Cheville cottage(Goncour)-took then(1770-80) his chances drawing the former's portrait for his " "Histoire philosophique " and the latter, the dane, was a friend of Cochin/Cocchi/St Germain.”


    With Dupin, Saint Germain and Rousseau in the meantime "enlisted” among Cocchi’s aliases , it’s now time inviting monsieur “Guillaume Thomas François Raynal”, who has so much in common with our hero, to the club.

    His portrait by C.N.Cochin….

    http://c18.net/ra/ra_pages.php?nom=ra_presentation

    (same portrait "shortened" at http://www.antiquemaps-fair.com/inde...oducts_id=2066.
    Also see http://pagesperso-orange.fr/dboudin/...ie/Raynal.html for more info on Raynal, his biography, works and portraits-including another one in profile resembling a rather heavier "Grimm".)

    …is of interest not just because of his casual attire- an indication of his close relations with the portraitist of “our” Rousseau and Ben Franklin-but also because it is, we believe, a “true” design*** providing us with the actual face characteristics of the subject in question

    Also to be praised therefore for likeness the unknown artist of his other portrait in relative Wikipedia article....

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Guillaume_Raynal2.jpg

    ....the more so because of better depicting- in semiprofile- his rather long and dropping nose,shared by -other portraits of-"Grimm" and "Saint Germain".

    * Another alias of Saint Germain (as Goethe just disclosed to me personaly) to be examined in further down this thread.
    **This statement is wrong: At the time of writing I was still mixing up Epinay sur Seine, north of Paris (where Mme d'Epinay lived) with Epinay sur Orge, south of Paris, the "seigneury" of our hero (as Augustin Henry Cochin) near Versailles. Cheville is to the south as well.
    ***Raynal's portrait by Cochin and Rousseau's bust by Houdon( http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/jahd/ho_08.89.2a.htm) speak for themselves as to the common identity of the two sitters.
    Last edited by yanni; 06-11-2009 at 01:12 PM. Reason: add footnote ***

  2. #2
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    “Abbe Raynal”, another alias of “Rousseau-Saint Germain"

    Raynal’s present reidentification process was actually triggered by the recent discovery, in the correspondence of John Adams and Thomas Jefferson, that Melchior Grimm had also written a rather large work on “history&philosophy”,consisting of at least 8 volumes and of particular interest to the two aforementioned avid readers.

    Writes Adams to Jefferson, 2 March, 1816.:
    I have read the history of that period of sixteen years, in the six first volumes of the Baron de Grimm. In a late letter to you, I expressed a wish to see a history of quarrels, and calamities of authors in France, like that of D’Israeli in England; I did not expect it so soon, but now I have it in a manner more masterly than I ever hoped to see it. It is not only a narrative of the incessant great wars between the ecclesiastics and the philosophers, but of the little skirmishes and squabbles of poets, musicians, sculptors, painters, architects, tragedians, comedians, opera singers, and dancers, chansons, vaudevilles, epigrams, madrigals, epitaphs, sonnets, &c
    .................................................. .................................................. .............
    This Grimm must have been in Paris when you were there. Did you know him or hear of him?
    I have this moment received two volumes more; but these are from 1777 to 1782, leaving the chain broken from 1769 to 1777. I hope hereafter to get the two intervening volumes.


    http://oll.libertyfund.org/?option=c...html&Itemid=27


    Did Grimm ever write history?

    A quick check on the web verified the conviction that besides his “ correspondence litteraire”, Grimm never wrote a book on history whereas his other two already established aliases, Rousseau and Chastellux, both historians, had to be excluded as authors (Rousseau’s early “History”, around 1750, is characterised as “recessionary” whereas Chastellux’s more optimistic -philosophically- writings, although very relevant, do not include a book on history as such. See http://www.librarything.com/author/chastelluxfranoisjea).

    To cut a long story short:

    A day’s study in yet more web sources, as well as those previously mentioned, followed by the input of known travel (presences-absences) data of “Raynal” in the master timeline of all other aliases of Cocchi, confirmed that the famous “abbe” was yet another fictionary character (in existence aversince 1749, his first book) but insignificant until his "History of philosophy" -first 1770,Amsterdam, anonymous)

    The question was then* raised “How well aquainted was Jefferson with “Grimm” to write that he, not Raynal, was the author of….
    Histoire philosophique et politique des établissemens et du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes, par Guillaume-Thomas Raynal, Genève, Pellet, 1780. 5 vol. dont un atlas.
    Tome 1er. Tome 2nd. Tome 3ème. Tome 4ème.
    En mode Texte:
    Histoire philosophique et politique des établissemens et du commerce des Européens dans les deux Indes Tome I. Tome VI
    (Source:OEUVRES COMPLÈTES DE VOLTAIRE, RAYNAL, historien et philosophe, 1711-1796,
    Oeuvres, correspondance et divershttp://pagesperso-orange.fr/dboudin/...ie/Raynal.html)....

    ???????????”

    ..to be answered by Jefferson himself in next.


    *the questions "did the author ever sign his History of Philosophy etc as Grimm?" (...and was therefore convicted, fled France and changed thus his name to Raynal) and "what edition of Grimm-Raynal's work was it?" "and "how many volumes were they in the particular edition?" and "why and by whom was the chain broken from 1769 to 1777?" are yet to be answered by scholars "covering" the 18th century!
    Last edited by yanni; 05-05-2009 at 12:45 PM. Reason: edit year of first appearance of "Raynal"

  3. #3
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    “Abbe Raynal”, another alias of “Rousseau-Saint Germain"

    JEFFERSON TO ADAMS, APRIL 8, l8l6 (http://www.archive.org/stream/ingodw...50mbp_djvu.txt

    Did I know Baron Grimm while at Paris? Yes, most intimately. He was the pleasantest and most conversable member of the diplomatic corps while I was there; a man of good fancy, acuteness, irony, cunning and egoism. No heart, not much of any science, yet enough of every one to speak its language; his forte was Belles-lettres, painting and sculpture. In these he was the oracle of society, and as such, was the Empress Catharine's private correspondent and factor in all tilings not diplomatic. It was through him I got her permission for poor Ledyard to go to Kamschatka, and cross over thence to the Western coast of America, in order to penetrate across our continent in the opposite direction to that afterwards adopted for Lewis and Clarke; which permission she withdrew after he had got within two hundred miles of Kamschatka, had him seized, brought hack, and set down in Poland. Although I never heard Grimm express the opinion directly, yet I always supposed him to be of the school of Diderot, D'Alembert, D'HoIbach; the first of whom committed his system of atheism to writing in "Le bon sens", and the last in his "Systeme de la Nature" It was a numerous school in the Catholic countries, while the infidelity of the Protestant took generally the form of theism. The former always insisted that it was a mere question of definition between them, the hypostasis of which, on both sides, was "Nature" or "the Universe; that both agreed in the order of the existing system, but the one supposed it from eternity, the other as having begun in time. And when the atheist descanted on the uneasing motion and circulation of matter through the animal, vegetable and mineral kingdoms, never resting, never annihilated, always changing form, and under all forms gifted with the power of reproduction; the theist pointing "to the heavens above, and to the earth beneath, and to the waters under the earth," asked, if these did not proclaim a first cause, possessing intelligence and power; power in the production, and intelligence in the design and constant preservation of the system; urged the palpable existence of final causes; that the eye was made to see, and the ear to hear, and not that we see because we have eyes, and hear because we have ears; an answer obvious to the senses, as that of walking across the room, was to the philosopher; demonstrated the non-existence of motion. It was in D'Holbach's conventicles that Rousseau imagined all the machinations against him were contrived; and he left, in his Confessions, the most biting anecdotes of Grimm. These appeared after I left France; but I have heard that poor Grimm was so much afflicted by them, that he kept his bed several weeks. I have never seen the Memoirs of Grimm.
    Last edited by yanni; 04-18-2009 at 12:56 PM.

  4. #4
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Some answers to the questions of last footnote


    "did the author ever sign his History of Philosophy etc as Grimm?" (...and was therefore convicted, fled France and changed thus his name to Raynal)


    It was already anwered in first post: No source was found claiming that Grimm ever published anything else but his “correspondences litteraires"!

    “Raynal’s” alleged departure for Switzerland October 1780-to his publishers at the time no doubt- must be examined together with “Chastelluxe’s” late August 1780 departure for the States (http://www.online-literature.com/for...ad.php?t=35779) and to the Paris Parliament’s decision to condemn, May 21st, 1781, Raynal and his book (attacking religion) while his alias Chastellux is continuing his, deeply diplomatic and military, carreer “overseas”…..

    (Quoting from http://pagesperso-orange.fr/dboudin/...e/Raynal.html:

    On sera d’autant plus étonné d’une aussi longue* tolérance que, dans sa première édition, l’auteur avait osé, non seulement attaquer la religion chrétienne, mais encore le théisme, ce qui révolta un grand nombre de philosophes d’Angleterre et d’Allemagne. Bien plus, Raynal, sans trop de mystère, quoiqu’il ne signât point encore son ouvrage, l’avait fait réimprimer plusieurs fois et avec des additions considérables, soit à Genève, soit à Nantes, soit à Neufchâtel, soit à la Haye. Il était bien connu, bien désigné; mais un gouvernement aveugle laissa l’auteur et le livre jouir de leur impunité. )

    …in close personal contact with all high ranking “rebels” of the time including George Washington, Thomas Jefferson (who, as he writes, knew him well, at least as “Grimm”) and John Adams(who by asking Jefferson on Grimm, wants him-and us- to believe that the real identity of “Saint Germain” was not known by then to the, profrench at least, Americans, contradicting Edgar Poe.)

    *a decade from first publication.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-17-2009 at 02:37 AM.

  5. #5
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Some answers to the questions of last footnote

    (Continued from previous)

    The remaining questions and their answers are too important historically to be presented herein, the constraints of space and presentation rivalling the authors own limitations, the “job” will be nevertheless completed.

    As such:

    How well aquainted was Jefferson with “Grimm” to write that he, not Raynal, was the author of “History of Philosophy…etc?”
    Our hero “G”(for convenience) was well aquainted, under one name or another, to all three first US presidents but his relations with Jefferson were exceptional and quite personal.
    Jefferson knew him certainly as Grimm, Chastellux and “Comte Saint Germain” and propably as Rousseau, Gluck and Cocchi as well (through Ben Franklin as well as via Jefferson’s and G.Washington’s friend and associate Philip Mazzei, a student of Antonio Cocchi, a friend of Gioachino’s brother Raimondo. Mazzei lived with or next to Jefferson at Monticello). He also knew him under,some at least of,his ‘russian” aliases as the Jefferson-Adams above correspondence further indicates(On Lewis&Clark expedition to Alaska-see my research on "Kotzebue" ).

    What edition, how many volumes?
    More involved than ever in "making only" history after 1782, it is highly unlikely that another version of Raynal’s “History of Philosophy” was ever published with his consent beyond the 1780 Geneva edition, he continued however his writing to 1782 (His "Voyages to America in the years 1780-1782", the original of the suitably modified in the meantime "last volume" Jefferson sent to Adam as they write in 1816*). It was written,propably “ala pasticchio”-a collaboration of more authors-with Jefferson undertaking a part (as subsequent relative correspondence between him and Chastellux indicates-with a mysterious George Grieves charged for errors in translation) and Thomas Paine another:
    In Paine's "answer to Raynal" on Affairs in America (September 1782. Paine, who visited France 1781, was contracted earlier by La Luzerne**, "french minister in America", who corresponded with Vergennes on the subject of relative expenses), also distributed to Lord Shelburne October 29, 1782. Raynal (as "Chastellux", then very active in America) had undoubtly a role to play in destroying, along with Paine, his own previous specific "philosophy" on America's independence struggle (Raynal apologising later through a story of "stolen papers" and a London publication without his consent) and, as Paine was consulted in turn by G.Washington and was in contact with Chastellux (who also was in contact with Jefferson), it is rather difficult to conclude who was consulting whom on foreign policy and who the author of what was (the more so as Shelbourne himself, of irish root, had just-July 10th,1782-been appointed on condition England would grand independence to the 13 United States).


    Why and by whom was the chain broken from 1769 to 1777?"

    Adams is obviously aware,at the time of his letter exchange with Jefferson, that "Chastellux" and "Raynal" are one and the same but does not wish to relate them to his historian- of convenience-"Grimm". The fact that Jefferson supplies Adams with “The history of Philosophy” sparingly is evidence already of Jefferson's wish to protect G and as he gives no specific answer to Adams’s specific request (on the missing volume or volumes covering 1769-1777. One of the volumes is possibly Tableau de l'Europe, pour servir de supplement a l'Histoire philosophique & politique dez etablissements & du commerce des Europeens dans les deux Indes- Book Bib ID 16581,Author Raynal, abbe, Amsterdam, 1774, the other "De la Félicité Publique" (On Public Happiness) in 1772 by Chastellux )...

    ....but the following:

    It was in D'Holbach's conventicles that Rousseau imagined all the machinations against him were contrived; and he left, in his Confessions, the most biting anecdotes of Grimm. These appeared after I left France; but I have heard that poor Grimm was so much afflicted by them, that he kept his bed several weeks. I have never seen the Memoirs of Grimm....

    ….does not just prove it (that Jefferson-and perhaps Adams- protects "Grimm") but leads us directly to 1785 and their (Jefferson, Adams and G-as resurrected "Saint Germain") involvement in the decisive events of that year*.

    Needless (for students of the 18th century) to say that “comte de Guibert” (already made transparent by our revelations on his creatress “L’Espinasse”, an alias of Madame d'Epinay-ie he was also fictitious) who allegedly acted as comte Saint Germain’s life long subordinate, also confirms fully in his turn the correctness of all our findings so far on G as follows :

    The published Lettre de l'abbé Raynal a l'Assemblee nationale (December 10, 1790)*** was really the work of the comte de Guibert. During the Terror Raynal lived in retirement at Passy and at Montlhery. On the establishment of the Directory in 1795 he became a member of the newly organized Institute of France. He died in the next year on the 6th of March at Chaillot.
    (emphasis also on places where G-Raynal-Guibert resided as Cochin).

    On the other hand the following info on "Abbe Raynal-Chastellux" may indeed be the subject of deeper study:

    Joseph Matthais Gérard de Rayneval (1736-1812) served as under-secretary of state to Comte de Vergennes. In 1776, he produced a memo of the strategic situation, Reflections on the Situation in America.[1]
    In 1782, he was sent on several secret missions to England, to make peace feelers.


    Really?

    *1816 was certainly suitable as a year for all concerned parties to upgrade their truth, thus the possibility Adams's-Jefferson's relative correspondence was staged-for the benefit of history- must be taken into account:
    The scheme at the time was "Grimm"- as real name of author-would carry the burden of the works of "Raynal"(penname) as "Rousseau" (who had to remain a real person for obvious reasons) was taken off circulation 1778 and "Chastellux" was unsuitable because of his american friends and actions (had to remain real as well).
    They could not deviate afterall from the cast of characters of Rousseau's wise (his fake hints of bladder suffering, the planted illusions of a conspiracy against him and his appointing Daniel Malthus as his will's executor ordering him not to publish the work before 1800 and conveniently undertaking himself -"G"- the task, in stages 1781-1789, anonymously) "Confessions" .

    **A brief study shows that "La Luzerne", successor in America to another clandestine "Rayneval" (alleged brother of the one mentioned above), was one more of Cocchi's aliases. It will be soon presented as an appendix to this thread.

    ***Quoted from Natiomnmaster Encyclopedia. The famous letter (he declares his disagreement on the revolutionary developments) is dated May 31st, 1791.
    Last edited by yanni; 06-10-2009 at 12:47 AM. Reason: add second footnote on "La Luzerne", another alias of "G"

  6. #6
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Baron von Gleichen-Russwurm(!).

    The german language’s concise, descriptive and constraint-free powers in onomastics, second only to greek, do not seize to amaze me and do admit to have wasted a few hours of my life on the origins of certain german names such as, for instance, California governor’s.

    Baron von Gleichen (“attached" to the Amis Reunis and a pioneer of botany and the use of a microscope) on the other hand, the second biographer of Comte Saint Germain (after Grimm, his creator, who also had many good words to say for Gleichen, like all his other aliases) did not trouble me at all with his “russwurm” label (=russian worm) granted him by Goethe* himself...

    http://wn.rsarchive.org/Books/GA001/...GA001_c02.html
    Goethe:On January 12, 1785, he writes to Frau von Stein: A microscope is set up in order, when spring arrives, to re-observe and verify the experiments of von Gleichen, called Russwurm. (…his label to be then immortalised by Schiller,somehow related himself to our “von Gleichen”, and proudly born by the descendants forever after!)

    ....as I was already long aware that Gioachino Cocchi did not create "Rousseau" out of thin air, nor was this the only name he used linking him to Russia:Back in 1746, staging his Bajazette in Rome, Cocchi called himself, on the cover page of the opera’s libretto, Gioachino Rossini !! (leaving us wondering today on the eventual blood links between "Cocchi-Gluck" and the next "glucklich" Gioachino Antonio Rossini, the composer, born 1792!!!).

    Eager readers of my posts can certainly deduct already on their own that young Goethe’s accusation in 1785 (that "G" acted as a Russian agent as well) was not unfounded when applied to our multifaced hero.

    He has however long exhausted us with his tricks, thus his next two aliases, Messrs Holbach and Helvetius, both belonging to the same evershrinking** circle of philosophers of enlightment , will be given but few words each herein, just to say that the former was fingerpointed by Jefferson,1816 (!), as responsible(!!) for Rousseau’s(!!!) adeism(!!!!) and the latter (whose father-Antonio Cocchi(!)-was the doctor of Maria Lecszynka, queen of France and whose wife, the host of “L’Espinasse”(!), had charmed Ben Franklin(!)) so close to the already established “true image” of his creator.

    Franklin's newly discovered (Poe Announcement) close links to the Cochins, Cozines, Causses etc on both sides of the Atlantic ,now further strengthened as above, leave no doubt whatsoever on the paines taken by the privilaged members of the "circle" to limit membership to the minimum and keep relative confidentiality absolute!
    The correspondence therefore of Messrs Jefferson and Adams have to be examined as such!


    The next and last subject to be tackled, the eventual role of certain gentlemen to-matters leading to-the Affair du Collier, will also be presented under “Rousseau’s works and biography” in this here hospitable forum when completed.

    * Of note Goethe's relative dislike for August von Kotzebue and the latter's "Baron Wurm" character in one of his plays. August (who addresses his father or uncle as "Grimm" in his letters to him) was recommended by Grimm to empress Catherine, served her court not very successfully (she complains to Grimm in 1791). He knew well Tzar Paul (one of the last to see him alive) but favoured Tzar Alexander! He was himself assasinated 1819 by a "Sand".(see Coleman: "Kotzebue and Russia, Vol. V., No. 4, Oct., 1930, The Germanic Review", p 327)

    **Two more candidates for the evergrowing list of Cocchi's aliases are: Étienne Bonnot de Condillac (+ 3 August 1780) and Ferdinando Galiani(+October 30, 1787), both philosophers-clerics-"economists", of same physiocratic ideas, society and friends as "Grimm, Rousseau, Raynal, Chastellux...etc".Preceeding Adam Smith, Condillac is considered by some a prophete of laissez-faire and modern economy. (http://oll.libertyfund.org/index.php...239&Itemid=282)
    Last edited by yanni; 06-10-2009 at 12:48 AM. Reason: add Condillac and Galiani

  7. #7
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    "G", alias "La Luzerne", alias “Chastellux”

    APPENDIX to "Rousseau-Raynal"

    The intent was,as stated above, to examine G’s relations to G.Washington, T.Jefferson, J.Adams and B.Franklin, the last three present in Paris, France 1783-1785. Consequently our heroe’s trip to the “temple du gloire”- as he (as "Grimm") wrote to Catherine II before leaving Paris (as "Chastellux") for his American adventure-had to be reexanined under the established principles:

    A:“every close associate of comte de Saint Germain must be scrutinised as an eventual alias”
    B: “history’s reality is virtual” particularly in what concerns the “philosophe inconnu”.


    Thus

    Anne-César, Chevalier de la Luzerne (1741-1791) was a French soldier and diplomat. He served as the second French minister to the United States, from 1779 to 1784, succeeding Conrad Alexandre Gérard.

    …so read the above first lines of Wikipedia’s modest article on monsieur La Luzerne and one cannot escape noticing the piggish characteristics of his accompanying portrait:

    Nothing like the last portrait of our hero as Raynal of –around -1775(which does bear a faint similarity to Peale's "Chastellux"), so next step was to check his predecessor Gérard, who then turned out to be another “Rayneval”* and the search had to continue because of that too!

    When and by whom was La Luzerne’s portrait drawn?

    It turns out that it was drawn by an H.B.Hall (1783-1890) who was using his imagination and propably another artist’s as well:

    Image ID: 808828, French officers at Yorktown. Rogers, John, ca. 1808-ca. 1888 -- Engraver. From "Washington and the American republic". (New York : Virtue and Yorston, c1870) by Lossing, Benson John (1813-1891)

    Before feelings of gratitude even started developing (for last artist Roger and the less piggish face of our subject) the question arose “why was Chastellux omitted from the ‘Officers at Yorktown’ ?”, enough certainly to shock the average researcher, sufficiently familiar to American history to appreciate Chastellux’s role in Yorktown but not hardened enough already to have embedded principle “B” as above.

    Further research then brought us to G.Washington’s 1781 correspondence from Head Quarters, New Windsor to La Luzerne and Chastellux:

    To CHEVALIER DE LA LUZERNE
    May 14, 1781 (I had yesterday the honor of receiving your Excellency's favor of the 7th),
    May 17, 1781. (The inclosed dispatches have just been sent to me with a request that I would forward them immediately to your Excellency).
    June 8, 1781. (…..for your interesting Communication of the 1st. instant. The Martinico Paper has been forwarded to the Count de Rochambeau….I shall defer entering upon a Detail of public Affairs, until I shall have the Happiness of a personal Conversation. Indeed the Accidents which have lately befallen several of our Messengers between this Place and Philadelphia makes one extremely cautious of trusting….)
    June 13, 1781. (His Excellency the Count de Rochambeau having requested me to forward the Dispatches herewith transmitted, by the safest possible conveyance, I now do myself the honor to send them by a Gentleman of the Quarter Master General's Department)


    TO CHEVALIER DE CHASTELLUX
    July 19, 1781.
    Dear Sir: You have taken a most effectual method of obliging me to accept your Cask of Claret, as I find, by your ingenious manner of stating the case, that I shall, by a refusal, bring my patriotism into question, and incur a suspicion of want of attachment to the French Nation, and of regard to you, [which. of all things I wish to avoid] I will not enter into a discussion of the point of divinity, as I [perceive] you are a Master at that Weapon. In short, my dear sir, my only scruple arises from a fear of depriving you of an Article that you cannot conveniently replace in this Country. You can only relieve me by promising to partake very often of that hilarity which a Glass of good Claret seldom fails to produce. I am etc
    .(The writings of George Washington from the original manuscript sources .Electronic Text center, University of Virginia Library)

    1st June 1781 Chastellux sent the famous "burned letter" dispatch to la Luzerne on the results of Wethersfield Conference. This letter was intercepted by British patrols on June 3 etc etc!!!!

    (only letter on-web- record from Chastellux to La Luzerne: how strange!)

    Further to a multitude of other info on our hero as per our mastertimeline as well as another go at the remaining correspondence (or lack of) between all above personalities, the conclusion is:

    Thanks, but no, thanks, I'll not buy your truth!

    “La Luzerne”, who presented his credentials and was officially received to US congress in November 1779 ("U.S. Department of State" By Elmer Plischke), was another alias of “G”**. He just wanted to express his “swissness” oncemore but had to disassociate himself from “citizen of Geneva” and “Dr Helvetius” and named himself after another Swiss town, that’s all.

    *or "Reyneval", check him at Jefferson's Works: http://www.archive.org/stream/writin...2jeff_djvu.txt.
    Jefferson (to James Madison Paris, Jan. 30, 1787) contradicts Wikipedia: The two Reynevals were not blood related.Jefferson describes one as a shrewed diplomat who is not to his liking (yet favoured by the french administration) and the other, the previous "american Gerard" and a brother in law of the first, as the one who conveyed to Vergennes not the best of views on the character of average american, much like Chastellux!
    Jefferson further advises on "La Luzerne's" carreer reaching a dead end and then favours (not for the American post) an amiable "philosophe Hennin", the "second eye" (after "bad" Reyneval) of Vergennes (who is critically ill, as he writes.). It turns out that "Hennin" has much in common with "G" (ie La Luzerne, ie Gerard, ie Chastellux etc etc)and we'll have to return to him!

    **Sometime in the summer of 1779 Chastellux was commissioned one of three Major-Generals under General Rochambeau in the French expeditionary forces aiding the American Continental Army and "Gluck" decided to leave Paris (allegedly dissapointed from his "Narcisse’s" performance) to return to Vienna. According to "LETTERS OF DISTINGUISHED MUSICIANS" TRANSLATED FROM THE GERMAN BY LADY WALLACE, he allegedly wrote two letters from Vienna: a)to Gersin, a poet, November 30th, 1779 and
    b) to von Dalberg, January 19th 1780. These are the last letters quoted before Gluck's will of April 2, 1786 and they are just as phoney.
    Nevertheless, according to my mastertimeline, "La Luzerne" returned to France soon after and did not travel back to the States before his "Chastellux"(plus "La Luzerne") reappearance, September 1780.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-12-2009 at 10:32 AM. Reason: add footnote on Hennin, another propabl;e alias of "G"!

  8. #8
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Pierre-Michel Hennin, a particularly important alias of “G”.

    (It looks like this last “Appendix to an Appendix" will take some writing to completion)

    In speaking of characters, I omitted those of Reyneval and Hennin, the two eyes of Count de Vergennes. The former is the most important character, because possessing the most of the confidence of the Count. He is rather cunning than wise, his views of things being neither great nor liberal. He governs himself by principles which he has learned by rote, and is fit only for the details of execution. His heart is susceptible of little passions, but not of good ones. He is brother-in-law to M. Gerard, from whom he received disadvantageous impressions of us, which cannot be effaced He has much duplcity. Hennin is a philosopher, sincere, friendly, liberal, learned, beloved by everybody ; the other by nobody. I think it a great misfortune that the United States are in the department of the former. As particulars of this kind may be useful to you, in your present situation, I may hereafter continue the chapter. I know it will be safely lodged in your discretion.

    Thus writes Jefferson, lobbying to Hamilton, January 30th 1787, suggesting practically to him to exercise his influence so that this strange and never heard off till now “Hennin” replaces ailing Vergennes* as French minister of foreign affairs.

    With “established principle A” in mind, a thorough search for “Hennin” brought us, a couple of days later, back to “principle B” (that history is virtual), reconfirming previous conclusions by others (that “something is very wrong with French 18th cent history” and that “all French philosophes were under the hospices of the French administration”) leaving us finally quite annoyed by the extent of the relative “forgery”, then initiated and orchestrated by- and still carried out to “protect”-our cunning hero, eversince covered in the clouds of “comte de Saint Germain”.

    “Hennin’s” research convinced us, you see, that all French characters mentioned in Jefferson’s letter (La Luzerne, Gerard, Reyneval** and Hennin) were aliases of the same one and only “G”, our hero, who decided at the time to burn his other “political” (and not only) identities and use “Hennin” from then on (the name by which he was employed in the French foreign ministry many years ago-1749-under Broglie).Apparently Jefferson (and propably Hamilton) play along, accommodating him as the man of their choice at the time. Their plan however did not succeed as we’ll next see.

    Charles Gravier, comte de Vergennes died February 13th, 1787 and was succeeded by a supporter of Necker, obscure Montmorin, a man trusted and chosen by Luis XVI.

    (continued)

    *Alternatively-second thougth-Jefferson advises Hamilton on the failure of their favorite to reach the office of Minister of Foreign affairs and is briefing him of the urgently required identity change/dissapearance of Mr "Hennin": Following 1785-6 events, Luis XVI was apparently aware of the "plan". Considering time required (to xchange letters) and other events and actions of principal players during the rest of 1787 (in next post) this is the most likely interpretation.
    **One of the two "Reynevals" might have been Jean Jacques Antoine Caussin de Perceval, G's relative.
    Last edited by yanni; 05-16-2009 at 10:07 AM. Reason: add footnote

  9. #9
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Pierre-Michel Hennin, a particularly important alias of “G”.

    (Continued from previous)

    P.M.Hennin’s diplomatic accomplishments and international connections failed apparently to secure him a place in the Pantheon of great Frenchmen:Neither Wikipedia nor the Britannica have an article on him, his only online biography to be found today, in French, under footnote 5 to the first letter of Jacques Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre to Pierre-Michel Hennin, Monday, 23 July 1764 (at http://www.e-enlightenment.org/eeInfo/eeAboutEE.php Voltaire Foundation, Oxford.).

    Important enough to be kept in the dark today, important enough, one might add, to be still kept “as created”, 1825-26, to confuse, baffle and even disorientate those few researchers who do decide going against the trend, like for instance Mme Elizabeth Anderson* or Elizabeth A. R. Brown and François-Roger de Gaignières**

    Looking deeper into this last work one discovers “a” Michel Hennin (about 1776-1865), alleged son of our Pierre-Michel and member of the relative investigating committee of 1859. Michel Hennin, the same man who published P.M Hennin’s biography,1825, in the Preface to Hennin's "letter exchange with Voltaire" *** through an “Editeur Merlin”.

    A year later, the “Correspondance de J.-H. Bernardin de Saint Pierre” was published by Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, Louis-Aimé Martin, Paris, 1826 chez Ladvocat, libraire... to the Duke of Chartres. This last work is disputed today by Stephanie Darrie, University of Exeter http://www.sfs.ac.uk/darrie.pdf expressing doubts as to the originality of relative correspondence. Stephanie also informs us, in the brief presentation of her thesis, she intends to further research Bernardin’s “Essai sur J.J Rousseau” among others. (Compliments to you Stephanie!)

    P.M.Hennin’s extensive (yet suspect of misinformation, as a chief spy he can hardly be taken as a source) correspondence and works are kept today in the Institute de France but are not available for deeper online investigation.A closer look however yields a strange associate of Pierre Michel Hennin by the name of Augustin Henri Hennin de Beaupre( http://www.calames.abes.fr/pub/#details?id=IF2B11318) and, if we are to come to a conclusion, we must concentrate on him:

    How can we afterall forget “Augustin Henri Cochin” of the “Poe Announcement”?

    Unfortunately, Augustin Henri Hennin de Beaupre is not mentioned in any of the aforementioned past or present works but, as we learn from Michel Hennin, his alleged father had a brother who was “procuring things” in general for the King in Versailles ****

    Our curiosity aroused, we search further to learn that, about 1781-1784 (years of Chastellux's absence), Augustin Herni de Hennin was somehow still acting as bailli of Versailles and procureur du roi but the author of relative work is at least as curious as we are:
    (Une curiosité institutionnelle : l'administration du domaine de Versailles sous l'Ancien Régime. Vincent Maroteaux Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes Année 1985 Volume 143 Numéro 143-2 pp. 275-312)

    Continuing we then learn that, back in 1768, the citizens of the parish, in need of a cemetery and apparently not able to contact the Bailli of Versailles, decided to contact instead Voltaire on the subject who answered as follows, the 3rd October:

    “I read your letter to Mr Hennin, (the King’s) representative in Geneva.He is the brother of Mr Procurist of the King in Versailles. The two brothers think just like you. Many things are miserable from our birth throughout our lifes and it is comforting to be able at least be buried as one pleases.”
    http://www.archive.org/stream/versai...ruoft_djvu.txt

    Further down in same site we learn that on the demand of “l'intendant de Paris, Bertier de Sauvigny” the 3rd August 1787 and following dismissal and reassembly of Paris Parliament, the governor (the King) forecasted, sometime late 1787, l'absence prochaine du procureur du Roi, Hennin de Beaupré. (The future absence of the King’s Treasurer,Hennin de Beaupre. )

    We can but assume that this last could only have been Augustin Henri de Beaupre, brother of Pierre Michel, as Voltaire and publisher Hennin assured us a while back , the same M.De Beaupre who, as we next discover, was finally granted by Louis XVI (for his good services of the past and mainly of the future) 15th April 1781 (months after Chastellux sailed for America) the property at 57, Avenue de Paris, Versailles, relative ownership pending eversince 1765 http://www.bibliotheques.versailles....supp_mss_2.pdf

    Our assumption turns out to be wrong however: A Michel-not Augustin Henri- Hennin signs his lengthy financial reports to the King on Chiaravalle, Bologna, Ancona and other French properties in Italy (acting just like Abbe Galliani), as the King's treasurer *****http://infoshare1.princeton.edu/rbsc..._1600_1820.pdf, whereas and according to http://www.euraldic.com/noms_h_e.html...
    ...the title, arms and duties of Jean-Michel Hennin écuyer, procureur du roi au bailliage....de Versailles, anobli en 1779) were transferred, the very same year, to ....armes demandées en 1779 par Pierre-Michel. (FR.PO.)

    Thus our curiosity in general and in particular (as to the final outcome of a disagreement between neighbors ie forever absent from his bailliage Augustin Henri Cochin- ie Pierre Michel Hennin- and Jean Louis Bertier de Sauvigny successivement intendant des généralités de Moulins, Grenoble et Paris, puis premier président du parlement de Paris, établi en 1771, lors de l’exil de l’ancienne magistrature -see http://pagesperso-range.fr/audigie.c...oisson%202.htm-lasting from Le 24 juillet du dit an 1771, until décembre 1775, that had troubled us in the past) was fully satisfied.

    Just like Diderot and D'Alembert, Voltaire too was acting as “Hennin’s” secretary and -Geneva-mailbox during “G's”’ long absences....

    As for Michel Hennin, his alleged son (who disassociated Gerard de Reyneval from the one and only "Hennin" but failed to do so for "comte de Saint Germain", thus the Bernardin letters who followed a year later): Look for Paul Stroganov******, "G's" (as Baron Stroganov) russian heir, born Paris 1774, died 1817 on board a ship to Danemark, fond of Switzerland(1787-1789), no further details on his death available.

    Finally: To better examine 1787 and later developments, one should at least add Napoleon and his relative actions in the timeline, bearing in mind his absolute faith to his mentor "Raynal" at the time!

    *in her brave yet futile and beside the point efforts to disassociate Hennin from abbe Morellet contradicting thus previous researchers views re the identity of the unknown “abbe” recipient of P.M.Hennin’s letter of 17th July 1760 from Warsaw http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home..._num_18_1_1314

    **The Oxford collection of the drawings of Roger de Gaignières. Transactions of The American Pilosophical Society Volume 78, Part 5.1988. On the disappearance from the French Royal Library in Paris, about 1781-1784, and transfer to London , of the Gaignieres drawings (“among other manuscripts” as learned readers of my posts know)

    ***in the introduction of CORRESPONDANCE INEDITE DE VOLTAIRE AVEC P.-M. HENNIN, RESIDENT DE FRANCE PRES LA REPUBLIQUE DE GENEVE, PREMIER COMMIS DES AFFAIRES ETRANGERES, SECRETAIRE DE LA CHAMBRE ET DU CABINET DU ROI, ETC. PUBLIEE PAR M. HENNIN FILS Auteur : VOLTAIRE Editeur : Merlin - Parution en 1825.

    ****LETTRE DE P. M. HENJNIN A VOLTAIRE. A Genève, le a octobre 1768. Footnote: Le frère de P. M Hennin était procureur du Roi à Versailles.

    ***** Refers to Michel Hennin, born in Geneva 1777 from "italian parents" (as his story "read" in 1877.See http://www.library.utoronto.ca/media.../bibnpmhn.html ), ie son of "Pierre Michel Hennin"/Gioachino Cocchi. He served as treasurer under Eugène de Beauharnais 1811-1820. We'll return to him when ready.

    ******Because of his mysterious death (either fighting Napoleon 1814, Laon, or on board a ship to Danemark, 1817) and the fact that he was "G"'s son, Paul Stroganov was checked through as an eventual post 1814 alias of "Michel Hennin"(also G's son). As however Hennin's accounting files at Princeton beginn as from 1805 they were clearly two different persons.
    Michel du Pierre "Hennin" is definitely my ancestor, Missolonghi's engineer "Michel du Pierre Cocchini" and, as such, all pending questions of posts 110-120 and 125 of "Poe Announcement" are answered. Furthermore, as he did not die a hero's death, April 1826, he should be deprived at least the honour of his existing marble bust (standing today at the garden of the Heroes, Missolonghi): Missolonghi, the subject of many books and works of art at the time, the symbol of resistance to the forces of "evil", a great money raiser as well, was in fact delivered to the Egyptians following Wellington's understanding with Czar Alexander. Following its fall, Michel-Pierre, permanently left his greek family (in three years he fathered three children) behind, and returned to Paris to collect his fees for the book on his father's correspondence with Voltaire, "edited" by "Merlin" a year earlier, and continue his coin and stamp collections and other hobbies.
    Last edited by yanni; 06-27-2009 at 10:55 AM. Reason: modify footnote 6.

  10. #10
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    The dark side of my moon....and yours.

    My “hero” saved me the trouble of posting on 1785, as promised previously to the shock of his discovery as “Pierre-Michel Hennin”***:

    As the expert stage manager he was and as “Luis XVI treasurer”-trusted by his King long after Marie Antoinette’s necklace affair-he clearly IS the answer to this last famous mystery: He was the one who conceived, staged and executed the “plan” (to fulfill the French side of the agreement for peace-Stuart regalia-behind the Queen’s back but with the approval of the King- at the time in dire financial situation) with Giuseppe Balsamo and- perhaps- de Rohan as principal male actors-executives. My apologies therefore to comte Cagliostro and his descendants (for centering the blame on him in my earlier study of the Affair , see The Poe Announcement):If Giuseppe did indeed die imprisoned in San Leo, as his story reads today, “G” must be held accountable, on top of everything else he did wrong, for that too, but did he? The Balsamo-Cochin Zante marriage, twentyfive years later, tells a different story.

    As for his American friends, the “other gentlemen”: Their role, if any, was secondary only and, other than Jefferson’s indicative long absence from Paris- as from early 1787-and macaroni machine know-how transfer, no need or mood for further commentary exists:The consequences of removing “Rousseau’s mask”-as the oracle of the French Revolution and beyond-far outweigh all other details of Gioachino Cocchi’s fascinating life story* and should become food for thought for all future philosophising luminaries of our transcendental world.

    Declaring myself unavailable for such an enterprise in the forseeable future, I will end my writing by presenting sufficient evidence of Michel (du Pierre)“Hennin’s” Missolonghi presence, ie my own blood line connection to the man known as “le comte de Saint Germain, J.J. Rousseau, abbe Raynal, chevalier de Chastellux etc ”…

    …as follows:

    After the fall of Napoleon in 1814, Italy, excluding Sicily, passed over to Austria: Eugène de Beauharnais retired to Munich and at the behest of his father-in-law Maximilian I of Bavaria, did not get involved with Napoleon and France again.

    Michel Hennin (son of “Pierre-Michel Hennin”,ie “G”), until then treasurer of Napoleon’s Italy, serves next the Austrian crown (and corresponds with Eugene de Beauharnais to 1820 or so, as his Princeton documents reveal)

    He rents a house in Geneva 21. 10 1815: Cell.Ba.3.8/1 Contrat de location du Domaine de Mategnin passé entre Louis Charles Perregaud, "gérand" de maison et fondé de pouvoir de Michel Hennin, et Etienne Larue [ou Delarue], instituteur. Notes : Ancienne cote : Ba.4/85 21.10.1815 2 folios
    …and five years later he buys the property: Cell.Ba.3.8/2 Acte de vente du Domaine de Mategnin passée entre Michel Hennin, rentier domicilié à Paris, et Jacob-Elisée Cellérier.
    Notes : Ancienne cote : Ba.4/86 25.11.1820 1 pièce


    ….to be brought then to Missolonghi from Brindisi on a boat by Lord Sheffield. He arrives February 1823 declaring himself Michel Pierre Cocchini, a greek who wishes to offer his services for the liberation of his homeland. (Inbetween 1820-1823 he apparently teaches in the greek school of Bucarest, Rumania)., He begins building the fortification and gets married soon after to a greek girl (grk sources).

    Julius Millingen, Byron’s doctor, has this to write(His Accounts etc) on Missolonghi’s engineer:

    …Cocchini, a Greek, who having been in the service of Austria, had picked up a little information, proposed a plan, which, bad enough in itself, was rendered still worse by the numerous alterations insisted upon by the primates.

    Byron dies April 1824. Late 1824-mid 1825 Missolonghi enjoys a period of calm.

    Michel “Hennin” and Millingen sell some “medals”-propably ancient greek coins-in Paris late January, early February 1825. (see http://www.archivesmonetaires.org/ap...amc/08amc.html)**

    Michel Hennin returns soon after to Missolonghi (to “die”,as Cocchini, April 1826) and then returns to Paris to continue his “business as usual”.

    End of my family history online research and publication.


    *Of particular interest his post 1801 life. Under still more aliases (not disclosed thus far) he continued to play a major role in "international affairs" for many more years. Good morning Russia (and modern Greece)!

    **A closer look on the contents of the site reveals further multiple dealings of Messrs "Hennin" and Millingen with the Paris "Cabinet de medailles" as follows:
    1820: Febr 11th (H), 1821: Febr 23d (H) , Aug 29 (M), Dec 22, 24 (M), 1822:Apr 30th (M), Nov 19th (M), 1823:May 24th (M), 1825: as above plus April 15th (M, requests a loan), 1827:Aprl 28th (M), 1831: May 2nd (M).

    ***Readers interested in "History of modern Economics" might further examine another propable alias of "G", wealthy businessman/art lover/tax farmer and founder of the opera of Nantes: Jean-Joseph Louis Graslin, un notable parisien qui s’installe à Nantes en 1750. Devenu receveur général des fermes de Nantes pour le royaume, Graslin est un homme d’affaires avisé qui s’implique rapidement dans la vie locale.
    His relations to Pierre Michel Hennin and his network, his links to Saint Petersburg (http://www.pgppe.cnrs.fr/documents/P...pers/Orain.pdf,great study btw!) as well as Mme D’Epinay's locataire Charles Pierre Savalette de Magnanville-tax farmer of Tours 1748-1756, are imo rather compelling motives to satisfy the need of a "closer examination" on l'énigmatique M. Graslin (Entre Rousseau et Turgot, Facarello, 2008)
    Of note earlier paper of previous author (Facarello) on Graslin (http://ermes.u-paris2.fr/TRAV0813.pdf) where the coidentification with Rousseau was almost made but for the- later disovered-common link to “Hennin”, their "intermediate alias".
    Last edited by yanni; 07-13-2009 at 11:35 AM. Reason: add footnote ***

  11. #11
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    Addendum

    Exhibit A:

    1781-1782 / Written in answer to "Queries proposed to the Author by a Foreigner of Distinction, then residing among us."

    So far the Count de Buffon has carried this new theory of the tendency of nature to belittle her productions on this side the Atlantic. Its application to the race of whites transplanted from Europe, remained for the Abbe Raynal. "On doit etre etonne (he says) que Amerique n'ait pas encore produit un bon poete, un habile mathematicien, un homme de genie dans un seul art, ou seule science." (7. Hist. Philos. p. 92, ed. Maestricht, 1774.) "America has not yet produced one good poet."


    Exhibit B:

    NOTES ON THE STATE OF VIRGINIA
    by Thomas Jefferson


    ADVERTISEMENT


    The following Notes were written in Virginia in the year 1781, and somewhat corrected and enlarged in the winter of 1782, in answer to Queries proposed to the Author, by a Foreigner of Distinction, then residing among us. The subjects are all treated imperfectly; some scarcely touched on. To apologize for this by developing the circumstances of the time and place of their composition, would be to open wounds which have already bled enough. To these circumstances some of their imperfections may with truth be ascribed; the great mass to the want of information and want of talents in the writer. He had a few copies printed, which he gave among his friends: and a translation of them has been lately published in France, but with such alterations as the laws of the press in that country rendered necessary. They are now offered to the public in their original form and language.

    Feb. 27, 1787.

  12. #12
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2

    correcting an oversight

    The reason of breaking a four-year silence was an inbetween geneva publication on my late-in-life-discovered ancestor to which my self explanatory reply as follows




    To “Geneva Professor” Mr X

    Athens January 9th 2015

    Bonjour,
    My compliments for your article on the french resident in Geneva, for checking and confirming, in particular, his long "silent"- and quite interesting- life periods.
    Perhaps you are aware, thru my re online research, that his son, Michel "Hennin" ( who allegedly edited his father's correspondence with Voltaire, prior to 1806, when published by Merlin, Paris), known in Greece today as Μιχαήλ Πέτρου Κοκκίνης and in historical literature as "Cochini, the Missolonghi engineer at the time of Lord Byron", is my ancestor (and also know of my radical views that he was, among others, the same man as JJRousseau, which may upset your regard of him as a Voltairist, ie not a Rousseauist) .
    Still, the reason my present is purely genealogical:
    Pierre MicheI Hennin de Beaupres was not the son of a "Pierre Francois Hennin"* and neither was he a different person from his "brother" Augustin Henri "de beaupres", signing, eversince 1746, as "Augustin Henri Cochin" while at his seigneury in Paris and as son of "Henri Cochin", famous avocat (praised by Voltaire)**:
    As such, the PMHennin's genealogy data in your publication, even if or because they are copied from MPHennin's Merlin publication, need be reviewed.

    Always your disposal for any further info xchange, many thanks and best regards.



    *[1] II Jean HENNIN, né en 1704/1705, décédé le 13.01.1789 à Thivencelles à l’âge de 84 ans, époux de Caroline LEMAIRE, décédée avant le 13.01.1789, d’où :
    1 ? Pierre François, qui suit en III,
    2 Marie Hernelle, née en 1731/1732, décédée le 06.06.1787 à Quarouble, y épouse le 23.05.1765, Ghislain Joseph JOLY, décédé le 30.10.1786 à Quarouble, fils de Jean Ignace et de Marie Joseph BOTTIAU,
    3 Marie Claire, née le 19.03.1738 à Thivencelles, épouse le 08.06.1779 à Onnaing, Jean Louis SERREZ, décédé le 11.05.1790 à Onnaing, fils de Pierre Ignace et de Marguerite DEMAIN,
    III Pierre François HENNIN, né vers 1730 ?, époux en premières noces de Marie Martine MERCIER, née en 1724/1725, décédée le 04.02.1764 à Thivencelles à l’âge de 38 ans, épouse en secondes noces, Marie Philippe LEFRANC, d’où :
    1 Marie Gabrielle, née le 16.01.1762 à Thivencelles, marraine Marie Claire HENNIN,
    2 Marie Rosalie Joseph, née le 14.06.1763 à Thivencelles,
    3 Nicolas Joseph, qui suit en IV,

    **Oeuvres de feu Mr. Cochin, ecuyer, avocat au Parlement, contenant le recueil de ses memoires et consultations. Tome premier [-sixieme].
    Au t. 1: portr. front. gravé par Marie-Madelaine Igonnet [Maria Maddalena Igonet], 1750. Privilège du 1er fév. 1749 au nom de Jean Jacques De Nully. Tomes aux noms de: De Nully, Desaint & Saillant, Laurent Durand.
    T. 1 (liminaires): Eloge de feu Mr. Cochin, avocat / Riviere [non identifié] [adressée à Augustin Henri Cochin, sieur d'Epinay, fils de l'auteur].


    Professor X did reply to my am email, promising to correct his oversight and I did answer back, thanking him and advising him on the continuation of my research, now focused on alias "Voltaire" (taken from latin "Volta Ire" imo).

    My regards to keepers of this site.

  13. #13
    Artist and Bibliophile stlukesguild's Avatar
    Join Date
    Jul 2006
    Location
    The USA... or thereabouts
    Posts
    6,075
    Blog Entries
    78

  14. #14
    publisher wanted
    Join Date
    Dec 2005
    Location
    Athens Greece
    Posts
    1,072
    Blog Entries
    2
    Hi, stluke,

    Quoting Elia Kazan "I don't move unless I have some empathy with the basic theme"

    On my current puzzle (Voltaire-Turgot-Saint Germain) for the answer to which, you'll have to wait, a key:

    When it proved that one man alone, "qui no chercha le vrai que pour faire le bien," was no match for the mountain torrent of ignorance, prejudice, selfishness, and usage, and Turgot fell from power (May, 1776), Voltaire sunk into a despair for his country, from which he never arose. "I am as one dashed to the ground. Never can we console ourselves for having seen the golden age dawn and perish. My eyes see only death in front of me, now that M. Turgot is gone. It has fallen like a thunderbolt on my brain and my heart alike. The rest of my days can never be other than pure bitterness."


Similar Threads

  1. Saint John in Jane Eyre
    By dirac1984 in forum Jane Eyre
    Replies: 23
    Last Post: 06-23-2010, 11:35 AM

Posting Permissions

  • You may not post new threads
  • You may not post replies
  • You may not post attachments
  • You may not edit your posts
  •