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Thread: Two works by Poe decoded. Announcement!!

  1. #61
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    Greek dancing lessons for free!

    How can you really expect answers, viewer, to questions never raised by you?

    Yes, "contessa" Serafina did bear at least one child and there are today Balsamo -Cagliostro's descendants" and....

    ....No, Yanni will not disclose who they are. because of etiquette and because, as stated, there is no need to disturb them .

    "To disturb" as per the Concise Oxford dictionary, means "to agitate, trouble, disquiet, unsettle, perplex" and is composed of latin DIS and "turba", meaning "the crowd".

    "Crowd" is crowd of course but what is DIS?

    There are afterall, so many english words starting with "dis", all somehow displeasing, discomforting, distressing, it is perhaps worthwhile to have a go at it, what it means.

    DIS is a truly "holy" word, it has to do with God.

    DIS, as per the c.o.d. again, originates from dvis=grk dis meaning twice.

    Another greek word "dias" (delta, iota, alpha, sigma) means "duality" and "pair" when written with a small delta but, when written with a capital Delta, it becomes Dias ie Zeus ie the top man of the ancient greek religion. Furthermore another greek word for "dias-pair" is "zeugos" and so duality is again reconfirmed and deified.

    Thus the surprising conclusion that a godly greek word, DIS, duality, expresses today discomfort etc in the english language, the difficulty and discomfort perhaps of human communication

    If this is what happens to DIS let us next examine what became of the singularity, the uniqueness, the solitude and egoism of "one"

    One, the unit, in grk is "EN" and there are even more english words starting with "en" and "em" (en before b,p and m becomes em) than those starting with DIS.

    Enema excluded, the rest of words starting with EN have normaly an empowering, emancipating, enforcing, emphatic and engranding quality with some emetic, empathic, empyrian and entropic side effects however.

    It's not that the greeks did not care for "individual rights", just the opposite in fact, they went however a step further and placed a higher value to society and democracy and that's why they deified duality and, naturally, the dia-logue that led to all that.

    Coming back to The Announcement:

    With a couple of notable exceptions, this has been a mono-logue so far but increasing view numbers confirm that there is a serious interest as it develops and furthermore that Yanni's decision, to "look back"- contrary to the popular advice to "go forward", the easy choice perhaps when your tail is on fire- is shared by many others.
    To conclude this "jumping all over the place" mental dance and reward those that follow in step:

    After discovering Cagliostro's "learned and law abiding descendant", Yanni the greek wrote to him to initiate a dialogue leading to the truth and even asked for his version of the story to be included in "Purple History", Yanni's book, to ensure success.

    The man entrenched himself entropicaly and never answered, thus......

    .....ENTROPY:

    Entropy is the particular property of closed thermodynamic systems that nobody wants to talk about nowdays.

    Greeks used it first describe human behaviour: It means "to turn oneself inwards" and not respond when spoken to or gazed upon by another person or persons.

    People finding themselves in this state of grk entropy usually turned red in the face- blush-from increased blood pressure.

    Entropy still means shame in modern greek and there is an interesting correlation between enlightment, entropy and environment but that's another subject, isn't it?
    Last edited by yanni; 03-05-2006 at 07:36 AM. Reason: add title, spelling

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    With the "greek dancing lessons" completed (some slight foot dragging, the product of leg pulling, went unoticed and therefore mutual congratulations are in order) let us now return to the subject of "papyrology vs history of hermetism":

    The Leiden papyri forged by Balsamos- or "Walsamos" as the name is pronounced in grk-is the second reference linking Cagliostro to "deamons", the first being ofcourse La Comtesse d'Adhemar:

    She quotes a letter she received from Saint-Germain in which he says, speaking of his journey to Paris in 1789-to see it after the fall of Bastille: "I wished to see the work that that demon of hell, Cagliostro, has prepared".

    This reference can be found in " http://www.alchemylab.com/count_saint_germain.htm (along with a reasonably objective and amusing biography of Saint Germain.)

    Therefore the question of the provenance of the vast library of the "D'Anastasi papyri" becomes rather compelling for our friends, the learned aegyptologists-papyrologists, to answer as the subject truly concerns the roots of their "science".
    Last edited by yanni; 03-09-2006 at 01:41 AM. Reason: spelling

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    "Compelling" because.....

    ....the subject is "The book of Moses", no more, no less:

    The term "apocryphal"
    Turning now to the consideration of the word "apocryphal" itself, we find that in its earliest use it was applied in a laudatory sense to writings,
    Esoteric writings which were kept secret because they were the vehicles of esoteric knowledge which was too profound or too sacred to be imparted to any save the initiated. Thus it occurs in a magical book of Moses, which has been edited from a Leiden papyrus of the 3rd or 4th century by Dieterich (Abraxas, 109). This book, which may be as old as the 1st century, is entitled: "A holy and secret Book of Moses, called eighth, or holy". The disciples of the Gnostic Prodicus boasted (Clem. Alex. Strom. i. 15. 69) that they possessed the secret books of Zoroaster. 4 Ezra is in its author's view a secret work whose value was greater than that of the canonical scriptures (xiv. 44 sqq.) because of its transcendent revelations of the future. It is in a like laudatory meaning that Gregory reckons the New Testament apocalypse as εν αποκρυφοις (Oratio in suam ordinationem, iii. 549, ed. Migne; cf. Epiphanius, Haer. li. 3). The word enjoyed high consideration among the Gnostics (cf. Acts of Thomas, 10, 27, 44).
    Questionable writings
    But the word was applied to writings that were kept from public circulation not because of their transcendent, but of, their secondary or questionable value. Thus Origen distinguishes between writings which were read by the churches and apocryphal writings (Origen's Comm. in Matt., x. 18, on Matt. xiii. 57, ed. Lommatzsch iii. 49 sqq.). Cf. Epist. ad Africam, ix. (Lommatzsch xvii. 31): Euseb. H.E. ii. 23, 25; iii. 3, 6. See Zahn, Gesch. Kanons, i. 126 sqq. Thus the meaning of αποκρυφος is here practically equivalent to "excluded from the public use of the church," and prepares the way for the third and unfavourable sense of this word.
    http://www.enpsychlopedia.com/psypsych/Apocrypha

    That d'Anastasy's papyri (from his collection comes also Jo Smith's papyrus) are the only ones "confirming" Abraham's presence in Egypt and that the unfortunate name "Abraxas" was used-alongside "Balsamos"- is confirmed again in

    http://www.mathorigins.com/A.htm

    Quote:
    ANASTASI or ANASTASY or ATHANASI?: (AE) hieratic papyri AtLeydenUniversity, Dynasty XIX.
    Giovanni Anastasi was the Swedish and Norwegian Consul General [to CAIRO] from 1828-?
    The papyrus of ABRAXAS.


    Yes,Yanni thinks, aegyptologists-papyrologists have a lot to answer for!
    Last edited by yanni; 03-16-2006 at 06:04 AM.

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    Recap

    To enable the viewer to understand the "story" of The Announcement better, a brief summary of its development so far herein is deemed necessary:

    A hunt for roots started in 1994. It revealed an 1835 murder in the island of Zante of some of the researchers ancestors. They had a prime role in the greek war for independence(1770-1828). Crosschecked indications showed the murder was instigated by and carried out on behalf of Dionisios Solomos*, greek "national" poet today ("Hymn to Liberty", national anthem), by his relatives.

    The above, to the biggest part the result of archivial research, were announced and published in Athens, Greece 1998-2000.
    In view of the "distinguished" murder accusation, further relative research was next carried out mostly via the web.

    E.A.Poe's "Sonnet to Zante", found and read then, was a further indication of the above murder, so his other work and biography were studied next along with alchemy, aegyptology and hermetism as relative indications were also established in 2001.

    Following conclusions were the result of this new "internationalised" web research:

    -Poe had indeed come to Greece-"to join the fight of greek independence" as he himself claimed-using the alias George or William Townsend Washington. His greek experience, evident in many of his works, strongly influenced his character and later life.

    -Poe's greek host was Giovanni d'Anastasy, known until now as the "armenian consul of Sweden and Norway in Alex, Egypt, a collector of papyri". D'Anastasy's wife and other family members were the Zante murder victims.

    -Poe's "Assignment-Visionary" confirmed and crosschecked other research results (documentation to be provided later) that D'Anastasy, also known as Yanni d'Athanasi or Ivan Avanassiev, was count Saint Germain's relative and successor.

    - The "alchemist" and secret agent of Luis XV Saint Germain was the same person as the "minister of war" of Luis XVI, with the same name, during the most important period in the USA struggle for independence.

    -The link between Saint Germain and D'Anastasy and the ambiguous relation of the former to Cagliostro are reconfirmed by a "D'Anastasi" papyrus known as "Abraxas". It was among many other papyri sold by d'Anastasy to Leiden, early 1828.

    -Something is very wrong, however, with this papyrus:
    Also known by the name "Holy book of Moses", it is the only existing document confirming the presence of jewish prophet Abraham in Egypt, in a most peculiar manner however. The name of the prophet is spelled "Abraxas" (in greek) and it is followed by a "deamon Balsamos", indicating an "artistic intervention" by the hand of Cagliostro whose real name was Balsamo, an expert forger as per Casanova's testimony.
    No spectrography tests on the particular papyrus have ever been published and Leiden University scholars stopped corresponding and never answered relative letter(mid 2005) when the specific issue was raised by the undersigned "Yanni the greek" in the role of amateur papyrologist.

    -Something is wrong with the Mormon "holy book" too:
    The "Joseph Smith" papyri also came from the same D'Anastasy MS library, however there is apparently no evidence that Abraham or Abraxas is mentioned therein. As J.Smith's "revelation" has been proved wrong already, Mormons and the "Church of the prophet of he latter days"(?) now use the same unfortunate one and only "Abraxas" papyrus as "evidence" of their faith.

    -The provenance of the d'Anastasy papyri in general, as well as the provenance and authenticity of papyrus "Abraxas", can only be certified with the active support of papyrology experts, museum curators and Vatican historians (origins and history of the papyri collection of cardinal Stefano Borgia, head of Rome's "propaganda fide" office). From d'Anastasy's compiled biography however it is already certain that they were not all discovered by him in Egypt and it is highly propable that those related to science(in grk) were the product of the Herculaneum digs (1745-50) whereas the specific papyrus was propably confiscated from Cagliostro (by Saint Germain) in 1786.

    -The identities of Saint Germain and his successor Giovanni d'Anastasy were established and will be revealed along with the solutions to other romantic riddles of the 19th century (post Nr 1 of The Announcement, as well as riddle "Concino" further down) early April.

    *First time revealed herein.
    Last edited by yanni; 03-10-2006 at 07:39 AM. Reason: minor text corrections

  5. #65
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    Like Lazarus

    "There is nothing I can do, my hands are tied" Saint Germain is said to have replied to Marie Antoinette when she asked him to prevent the calamities that would destroy "royal France" as per his prediction.

    If the quotation is true, if he really made this statement, the mystery of his controversial personality becomes even more perplexing by the previous revelation-in this here Announcement-that he was in fact the same person as Saint Germain, the war minister of France 1774-1776.

    If the quotation is true, something serious must have happened to drasticaly change, to neutralize, the man who shaped european affairs as from about 1760 onwards, enthroned Catherine in Russia and was-as aleady shown by this Announcement-so instrumental in shaping up french politics and planning the assistance to the rebels during the american struggle for independance.


    After 1778 there was evidently a "general plan" in the works, a plan which ended by the sacrifice of the french Bourbon kings, a plan designed also to kill, selectively, the threatening chimera of democratic ideas and social principles St Germain and his friends introduced.

    Was this plan known to St Germain or was he already neutralised and just too old to react when he saw it materialising? That's the million $ question!

    More than just a well documented scenario will answer it:

    There simply was far too much "liberty" in Bourbon France, all their enemies, the Pope in Rome and the "illegitimate" british rulers in particular, they all agreed on that issue by then, far too many- and far too "open"-discussions between scientists , artists and men of letters in french "academic societies" and "salons":

    There simply was far too much "greekness" in France, they all agreed. It was, it must have been, greek philosophy, plays, art, democracy, greek logos (as ratio in latin) that brought about this "moral decadence" of the french court and nobility and was also threatening their own principles, their world "order", their interests, their governing "systems".

    "Greekness" was to be banned from then on , the general plan certainly provided for that as well and, if the french "enlightening" chain of command was to be broken, its weakest link, Saint Germain, was well known and easy to be attacked first and foremost as....

    ...they all knew his little secret!

    Let's assume(for the time being only) that the answer to "Concino's riddle" proves unfavourable to the pedigree of french royals from Luis XIII onwards, that their blood in particular was not so "blue", let's assume that Concino "did his thing" and Maria di Medici had his child, that Luis XIII truly had a greek "Concino Concini" father, what then?

    Let's assume that Saint Germain not only knew of this "forbidden" truth but was moreover a part and a proof of it himself and, whereas his own personal interests and loyalties had always been in favour and in parallel to those of the Bourbons, this "own truth", this impossible and unalterable truth he himself was evidence of, was so damaging to his King and to himself, what then?

    If royalty today- and some "repuplican monarchs" as well-are still ever so meticulously guarding their own pedigrees and hereditary lines of descent , one can but imagine what an uproar such a revelation would then create: The Bourbons would loose their thrones not just in France but in Spain and Naples as well. The french people, nobility and masses alike, would become the laughing stock worldwide .

    On the other hand this truth, if allowed to become public, would have a detrimental influence on all european monarchs already feeling deeply threatened by those same ideals of french "encyclopedism" and "enlightment". Their "order" would be seriously damaged as well.

    This was the situation he was facing by 1778, there really was nothing much he could do to hide his secret anymore, his hands were tied and he was in a deep personal dilemma, the prerequisite of all his beloved greek tragedies.

    Propably by his own free will he had given up his "minister of war" commission in 1776: He must have been very tired then and possibly also aware that his secret was known to few of his many "friends". The threat of its revelation did not materialise however until around 1780 when he chose to leave France to set up his staged death in Germany in 1784 for this reason alone.

    He was certainly forced to let go from controling "things" before 1780 therefore but it is highly doubtfull he was conscious then- let alone taking part-in a plan leading to the french revolution and to the tragic end of his royal french "germain" cousin, he was possibly just too old and tired then, in 1788-90, to do anything to prevent the coming disaster and he certainly wanted no part of it whatsoever.

    Did then the man, who created the academic society of "les enfants d'Apollo", "les Philalethes" and "Les neuf soeurs", who controled all virtual art and most lterature of 19th century France, did he give it all up, his greek logos and ideals, to participate perhaps in a plot to bend peoples minds back to the middle ages by injecting the "supernatural" and introduce tribal semitic "truths" in the "Abraxas" papyrus, the "Holy book of Moses" forgery?

    Did he thus verify the mythos-consequently promoting dogmatism- of the Bible to promote the Pope's interests thus attacking greek orthodoxy? (G.O. adheres and insists on the greek-written and greek-inspired New Testament and generaly avoids and disregards older biblical texts)

    No, he did not:

    His pathos with "aegyptian" manusripts was certainly related to his affection for "gnosis". For him, whatever mystery or "magic" the pyramids contained was minor, he knew, when compared to that of the greek language he was so much in love with.

    He had indeed supplied cardinal Stefano Borgia with a small part of his manuscript collection, years before 1778, in the hope to assist the catholic Stuarts retake the british throne and indeed this effort had backfired by then: Giuseppe Balsamo had "gone over" to the other side and the Stuarts were...well....just not up to it.

    But....he still had in his hands most of his aces again, among which the proof of this monumental forgery, the same actual papyrus he had taken from Cagliostro in 1785-6, he had thus, some at least of his many different enemies on the defence again, had already established his next identity and safe heaven, had chosen and tutored his successor, his grandson Yanni, and so decided to withdraw from France, just after Bastille, just before all hell broke loose.

    He was at ease with his conscience: The seeds he had planted, he knew, would sooner or later find the right time and conditions to grow, plan or no plan.

    On April 1790, at the age of 77 or 75 (as per his halfbiographer monsieur E.G******) he fooled his persecutors once again and staged another death, in his appartments in Le Louvre, passing away apparently peacefully and with all his faculties in perfect condition as his will records.

    He was buried, it is so written, with two of his most trusted relatives as his witnesses, in the church of Saint-Germain-l'Auxerrois nearby.

    (see http://www.oldandsold.com/articles08...ravel-10.shtml and
    http://architecture.relig.free.fr/auxerrois.htm)

    He had selected, long ago, and always used when in the Levant the perfect name for this last resurrection: Lazarus

    And left France forever to spend his last years peacefully in his beloved island, Hydra. Eversince 1745 he was known-and in record today-by this name, Lazarus C******, there!

    Hydra, he thought, was the ideal place to hide the wounds from the greatest enemy of all: old age. He died there about 1802-3 and is propably still buried somewhere below the grounds of the family church completed, on his orders, in 1780:

    "Ypapanti", Hydra's first greek-orthodox (byzantine) styled church* . The church's belfry was erected to his memory by his only legitimate** son, Anastasy C******, and was completed in 1805, all in brilliant white marble from the island of Paros.

    *also called "purple church" because of its unusual colour.
    ** Another known son, Dimitri "Lazarou", a historicaly(Hydra-Petsai) well known personality born around 1750-60 and famous Bouboulina's real father, was also his son from outofmarriage relationship of Lazarus C******.
    Last edited by yanni; 03-17-2006 at 03:59 AM. Reason: to include the word "legitimate" and introduce "Bouboulina"

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    Feeling like taken on a wild geese chase?

    We'll catch them all soon , viewer, have patience

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    Up To You

    It's a long story, viewer, and I do sympathise with your eventual difficulty and reluctance to follow it up, to have practicaly to swim all the way from Poe's Philadelphia to St Germain's Paris via Florence of 1575, via Venice of 1600 and, of all things, via the "never heard of" tiny Hydra, St Germain's own "greek island" .

    Bear in mind if you please that this Announcement has always been about the decoding of Poe's specific two (or more, as it turned out) greek pieces so, if you still claim Edgar as your favorite american poet- and consequently want to learn how these works came to existence, of the people that inspired him, to learn more about his life and mind-then this road, the "never travelled before" but by a "Yanni the greek", will lead you to all that and more: The "famous riddles" solutions will be waiting for you at the end of your "crossing" to sweeten your ordeal.

    A "unique", "one and only", a "never before" deal, a "true bargain" but.......
    ...YOU must be up to it, it's all "up to you", it always has been and always will be so, there are no easy truths!

    (an essay on PURPLE to follow soon).

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    PURPLE colours

    Colours as banners are significant, they are pointers to follow when researching family history.

    Purple is certainly an unusual colour for a church of an aegean island, it's highly conspicuous, it pops out of the blue-white-grey background and strikes the eye.

    The name of the family who build the purple church in Hydra, Kokkini, when translated means the "reds", so their church might as well have been a "red church", their history "red history". Purple was selected for the book title instead, years ago, because....well, purple sounded better then, rang nobler to the ear than repulsive red.

    It was, as it finally turned out, the correct choice for family colours as well.

    The Concise Oxford Dictionary defines purple either as:
    -a basicaly red colour-with some blue added-used by emperors, kings, consuls and cardinals, the sign of royalty....or as
    -a veterinary disease also known as "swine fever; disease in wheat" (so goes the text in the good dictionary leaving one wondering if the swine get it from wheat or v.v.)

    In french "purple" is spelled "pourpre" (also fit for royalty etc). There also is a relative french disease, "purpure", but there is no word about swine and how they get it.

    These words all have their root in greek "porfyros" or porphyros, coming from a sea shell, porfyra, out of which the colour was extracted, in days as old as Homer's Ulysses and Plato's Phaedon, to be used as an exclusively royal textile dye. The garment was hence named "porfyra" .

    The greek language also includes a "porfyria", a human disease possibly intented as a punishement for those wearing porfyra unrightfully.

    Porfyria, sometimes fatal, attacks the skin of the lower ends firstly, red bloody patches are formed, the head next , gums bleeding etc.

    Is it perhaps the same as purple, the swine killer?

    The issue being delicate as it will next be shown, historians and linguists apparently refuse to address it. Unlike purple, no porfyria or porphyria disease is mentioned in the C.O. Dictionary leading thus to the wrong impression that no such disease ever existed in England:

    It did and, as diseases do not discriminate generaly, George III, King of Britain during St Germain's time, had it (The Economist, some ten years back).
    It is said furhtermore that he, blood-dripping mouth, protruding teeth and all, inspired John Polidori, the greek writer from Zante, in his provocative "Vampyre" (London 1821).

    Was it greek porfyria that penalised the King for unrightfully sitting on his throne or did the specific(!) veterinary virus dare crossover just to break the royal etiquete and attack poor King George?

    Who is to tell and let's avoid this delicate issue to return again to purple, the colour mixture of red and blue, a possible indication, when talking of blood mixes, of the eventual molestation of any purely blue-azure french royal blood by a red-porfyros greek perpetrator!

    Might this indication, this pointer, be valid in our family research?
    No, porfyros the colour was used by royalty far earlier, we said, our Lazarus-Saint Germain did neither invent it nor select it to reveal the results of Concino's blood mixing endeavours, he is just telling us, by the colour choice for his church, he was himself related to royalty.

    To sum up: Porfyra is the sea shell, porfyros the royal colour, porfyria the human disease and there is in Hydra a "porfyros" church build by a Lazarus Cokkini, Hydra's legendary archon. We'll come to him later on however, our chromautopsy is by no means finished yet because.....
    .
    .....there is a "porfyras" as well:

    "Porfyras" is the title of "greek national" poet Dionisios Solomos last work. He was the man, remember, who instigated and organised the murder of Yanni d'Anastasy's wife and family in 1835 in Zante. As the grandson of Lazarus Cokkini, Yanni was "porfyros" too.

    "Porfyras" was written in 1847 and is the only work done by Solomos after 1835. This rare and precious piece is lost however, as greek literature scholars insist, only few extracts exist, they say, and an indicative summary of the poem's story as well.

    The poem mourns in fact the death of an english soldier in Zante by a man-eating shark, "Porfyras", a very unusual name for a shark as a species by this name is not to be found in greek dictionaries or encyclopedias .

    It is, one assumes, a name chosen through "poetic license" by Solomos to name the ungratefull fish that rebeled and devoured a brave redcoat sometime after 1835 and the Zante murder.

    After 1835, when the brits really showed their autocratic mug to the greeks, disbanning the Ionian parliament and governing Zante, Corfu and Cephalonia by decrees, bayonets and torture assisted by local collaborators headed by our "national" Salomon, murderer of Yanni's family, the "reds" by name and porfyros or purple by colours*:

    The Cokkini, co-kin of "french St Germain" and "fiorentine Concino Concini", blood related to the Bourbons.


    *The 1821 greek revolutionary banner, the banner of Lazare "Musiu" (=monsieur), brother of Giovanni d'Anastasy and grandson of Lazarus C-St Germain, was indeed purple. It's exhbited today in the Maritime Museum of Piraeus.


    (Stories from the island of Hydra to follow next)
    Last edited by yanni; 03-22-2006 at 02:08 AM. Reason: to include the Cokkini banner

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    Stories from the island of Hydra. Part I

    It was previously stated that: "After staging his April 1790 Paris death, Saint Germain, the chief diplomatic advisor of Luis XV and XVI, became "Lazarus" Cokkini, Hydra's legendary archon and "ctetor" of purple church of Ypapanti, and died there sometime before 1803."

    This conclusion was not just based on St Germain's actual "french" surname, a proof by itself that he was a Kokkini (Cokkini-Cocchini-Cochini etc), but on a multitude of other indications as well all tallying fully to family history already published(*1 end of text) and/or further researched by the undersigned

    The published history of Lazarus C and his family, protagonists in the liberation of Greece(1770-1827) was based on research done before the "non greek" part was either known or researched by the undersigned, hence this present attempt- putting new research info alongside old-to demonstrate the validity of the conclusion above.

    Let us first examine the 1448-1750 period (based on info from various history writers and other non archivial sources-the web):.

    The Cocchini first appear on record 1448 in Corfu and are next to be found on board genovese admiral Andrea Doria's boat escaping the fall of Constantinople in 1453 (see footnote *3 below).

    They are seen next as stradioti of the Palaiologi in Morea, early 1500, serve next under Giorgio Castrioti or "Skender-bey", founder of today's Albania, until his death.

    Sometime later (1540-1570) they establish themselves in Zante.

    In 1571 Giorgio Cochini becomes the top man of the family as captain of "Sebenico galera sottil napoletana San Migele". Under the command of admiral Alvaro de Bazán he saved the collapsing line of Gian-Andrea Doria at the decisive naval battle of Lepanto.
    Bazan ....commanded the reserve division, and his prompt energy averted a disaster when Uluch Ali, who commanded the left wing of the Turks, outmancnuvred the commander of the Christian right, Giovanni Andrea Doria, and broke the allied line. (Bazan)...accompanied Don Huan of Austria at the taking of Tunis in the following year".
    Giorgio was enobled after Lepanto and received the rare title "Magnifico" , around 1600 or so, in Genoa. This distinction belonged to the Dorias before but as Gian-Andrea was discraced for cowardice at Lepanto, it was passed on to the Cocchini.

    It was therefore Giorgio "magnifico" who first "took" Hydra, appearing there not as the island's 1574 "first settler", as the local legend wants, but as the "avant guard" of the joint christian fleet who used the tiny island as an advance post after Lepanto. From 1574 until 1600 Giorgio travlled to Alex Egypt and possibly reached as far as "Cochin" Goa, India, a portuguese colony then, as well.

    The Cocchini next "invade" Florence(1575) where they establish themselves (and still exist today with similar names) and Venice, where Giorgio constructed his Palazzo*Note 2 (1597-1600). After San Giorgio di Greci, it is the second building of greek ownership constructed in Venice, adjacent to the greek church, in itself evidence of the family's origins.
    Sometime later they also establish themselves in Livorno and Palermo (no research available)

    The history of the fiorentine-french names (Cocchini camarlinghi and Medici publishers 1575-1690., Concini 1600-1617, Cacchini composers and Caccini-Cassini, priests-astronomers, all beyond doubt rooted on "Cocchini" and mispelled either by error or purposely-after Concino's "royal intrusion" of 1602- as well as the "purely french" Co**** and Ca**** geographers-cartographers, printers, artists etc) is on the web and cannot be repeated here for reasons of space.

    By 1750 or so there were Cocchini branches in Paris, Lisbon, Livorno, Palermo, Trieste, Corfu, Zante, Hydra as well as Chio and Smyrne on the coast of Asia Minor.

    As "grande armateurs" they were the Bourbon's link to the outside world.


    *1 Research in Hydra's archive for the name "Cokkini" and other related names. Conclusions announced at the Third Panhellenic Congress of the Hellenic Heraldic Society, October 1998, relative article published March 1999 in Athens (History Illustrated, Papyros Larousse publishers, Nr 369) "The Cokkini family of Hydra". A summary of the study itself published by the H.H.S (Athens 2001, Praktika of the Third Congress, Deltion 11, pages 627-675).

    *2 "Palazzo Cocchini" housing today the offices of Greek Orthodox Church in Italy.

    *3 Various relative web publications appeared in the meantime, thus a "ser Battista di Lorenzo Concini" is the first "italian Cocchini" on record in Urbisaglia, Terranuova in 1456 and, of course, top man of the family since 1545 or so was Bartolomeo Concini, Cosimo I's prime minister (who also served for a period in Brusseles hence the "Netherland link of the family eversince)

    (In following Part II-covering 1745-1803 the "local view" of the family will be examined focusing in particular on existing "Hydra" evidence on the presence there of Lazarus Cochini=Saint Germain.)
    Last edited by yanni; 12-19-2007 at 01:46 PM. Reason: spelling

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    Stories from the island of Hydra, Part II

    Part II (1745-1803)

    Forword

    Published works by the undersigned (as per *1 of previous Part I) have already established the Cocchini family as instrumental for the 1821 revolution which lead to the creation of created Modern Greece and is celebrated March the 25th each year.
    Another part of Saint Germain's legend, that he was alive and active 1821 in Greece, was thus confirmed.

    As the examination of his greek presence will next show, he was also instrumental in previous two revolts , the "Orlofika" with nominal leader Grigori Orlov, 1770-1774 and "Labro Cacchoni's", March 1788- June 1792 and the conclusion is thus reached that among the various other causes invented by historians to explain Modern Greece's revival, one more should be added::

    That of the vision of a great man.

    (The following sources have been basicaly used for the present:
    S1 :"Admiral Miaoulis", by Sp.Melas, Saliveros publications, Athens 1932.
    S2: Greek Piracy and Corsairs, by Alexandra Crantonelli, Estia publ. Athens 1998
    S3: "Archives of the council of the island of Hydra" by Ant.Lignos, published Athens 1920-1953.)

    Lepanto proved not decisive enough to reestablish christian rule in the Aegean Archipelago. In 1669 Candia,Crete is lost to the Ottomans and La Serenissima is limited to their other aquisitions, Cirigo, south west of Peloponisos and the isles of the Ionian sea (Zante, Corfu, Cephalonia, Leukada), which remained theirs until the very end (1797).

    After 1669 the Cocchini had better things to do than stay on the republics ex maritime borderline post : Hydra and neighboring Petsai, part of the Ottoman empire until 1821, with neither history nor sewage until 1745, were scarcely inhabited by few "arvanites", dalmatian christians, first brought to the island as crew of Giorgio "Magnifico" and his gallera.

    1663 to 1690, venetian chevalier Constantino Cocchini supervises the construction of San Giacommo theater in Corfu, fifty years ahead of Milano's La Scala. In Florence other members of the family take part in theatrical performances as well. (the web).

    Hydra's naval history and relative economic growth actually begins 1745, when Lazarus Cocchini, the patriarch of the "on record" hydrian family, "initiated trading wheat with Egypt" with a 116 ton boat as written(S1, 36). He next, 1757, constructed and put to sea another boat of 250 tons for this same purpose(S1,37) thus gaining "immense wealth". His many local sons in law, well known "names" of 1821's history, follow his expample and by 1780 or so, the hydrian commercial fleet controlls all grain trade of eastern meditaranean, loading grain in the Black Sea and Alexandria Egypt to sell it to ports as far as Lisbon, Marseille etc.

    There is no local reference on Lazarus C participating in the first rebellion of greeks joining forces with Gregory Orlov's first sea war against the Ottomans (1770-1774) but one cannot fail to remember Saint Germain's participation both to the enthronement of- Orlov's beloved-Great Catherine this same year and that he, as russian officer Baron Salticoff, supplied russians the brulot know-how and sailed with them as far as Tunis.

    (to be continued)

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    Stories from the island of Hydra.Part III.

    Part III

    It has been stated in previous posts that, after the collier affair, Cagliostro's escape to London and the theft at St Germain's lodgings at Le Louvre in 1786, St Germain is next said to have visited Paris in 1789 "to see the work of that deamon of hell" and then faked another death there, April 1790, to return to the Levant as Lazarus Cochini.
    The timeline below (all as per S2 unless otherwise stated) refers to his last years, 1789-1802, which begin with his participation in yet another rebellion against the Ottomans, the one (1789-1792) by "Labros Cacchonis" (*see Note 1 below).

    April 1788 Labro arrives in Zante on his "Athena of the North" and forms next a base in Cirigo wherefrom he loots and takes as prizes various ships, among which first a hydrian "tartana" carrying oil to Genoa belonging to Lazarus Cocchini, "varatario"-title propably indicates he was licensed to store gunpowder for the french- and agent of France. Another ship belonging to an Eleftherios Cochini, also agent of France, was looted as well. After more attacks, Labro returns later in the year to Trieste, on orders from Venetian admiral Emo, and is imprisoned there until March 89.
    May 1789 Labro returns to the Aegean and is joined by greek corsairs, thirty ships in total, as well as a maltese Guillermo Lorenzi, who, flying the russian flag, threatens and bombards Hydra this same month.
    June 1789-June 1790 Various attacks and counterattacks force Labro to retreat to Ithaca, Ionian sea. with only five ships following.
    August 13th to October 11, 1790: Two corsair ships flying the russian flag, captained by Gianni Anargiro from Petsai and his partner, a Niccolo Cocchini, capture three turkish ships off Creta and Cassos and bring them as prizes to Zante. .
    August 1791. Armistice is declared between Rusia and Turkey.
    January 1792 Treaty of Iasio confirms it. Labro left on his own.
    Early 1792 "As they say in Hydra"(Sp.Melas) Lazarus Cochini, in his "first ever" trip to Trieste, saved two jewish money forgers by offering them safe passage to Saloniki in exchange for part of their loot, thus becoming -again(!)-very rich. (S1, 74).
    April 1792 Labro sails off Cirigo for Porto Cajo, Mani, before leaving the Aegean.for ever.
    31.5.1792 Lazarus Cochini grants a loan to Hydra's town council. (S3)
    August 1792 The ottoman admiral arrives in Hydra and demands from the town council to surrender Lazarus to be hanged for having guided hydrian captains to join forces with Labro before. The elders, the people and all sailors united protest against the admiral's demand, so the admiral drops his persecution and in return Lazarus presents him, as token of his good will, with a big ship. (S1, 81-83). He has the title of a russian naval officer and has been appointed Russia's subconsul of Hydra in the meantime. (S1,66)
    14.5 1793.A letter by the top "draguman"-translator-of the Sultan advises hydrian elders that their ships have the right again to cross the Bosporus channel and enter the Black Sea. Lazarus Cochini is the top elder on the list, the letter is addressed to him first. (S3)
    1.8.1794. On record the nephew of Lazarus, a Dimitri "Fragos" (=franc).(S3)
    1.3.1797 On record "the most noble archon Lazarus Dimitri Cocchini loans the town council 7525 "grosia" at 15% p.a interest." (S3)
    7.12.1797. A property sold in Hydra next to the properties of Gika "Lazarou" and Lazarus Cochini.(S3)
    1.3.1800 Lazarus Cochini sends less than ordered hydrian sailors to serve the ottoman navy in Constanntinople. Captain of the transport ship, his son in law Dimitri. (S3)
    3.7.1803. The "late" Lazarus Cochini on record for last time. (S3).

    To interpret the above one has to be aware that Melas had a "secret" (heh-heh) agenda to promote. It was he who "streamlined" Hydra's archive: The 16 volumes published (S3) include only half of available manuscripts, the unpublished other half, covering propably the 1750-1780 period, is still hidden somewhere and was not searched for by the undersigned.

    *Note 1 Labro's both names -Labros=brilliant grk, Cacchoni easily converted back to Cocchini - as well as parts of his biography leave little doubt that he was himself a Cochini and that is why he was able to return to Odessa, Crimea and was granted a great reward by Catherine.

    (Last part IV to follow)
    Last edited by yanni; 03-27-2006 at 10:10 AM.

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    Stories from the island of Hydra.Part IV (last).

    Part IV.

    Readers, obviously conversant with 18th century history and sufficiently interested in specific issues raised to have followed this thread thus far, can easily deduct from the previous timeline that "Lazarus" Cochini was either a magician (to have escaped punishement for leading a rebellion against the Sultan and furthermore secure for himself and his hydrian sailor friends the exclusive right again to trade in the Aegean and the Black Sea flying the russian flag) or a super diplomat with excellent contacts to the Russian court at least.

    Attacking himself first to disassociate his "Lazarus" persona from the rebellion he organised, he, the tentative Saint Germain, further allows readers to conclude that the ex war minister forsaw the collapse of his royal France and organised the "Cacchoni rebellion" to soften the ground for the future he envisaged. The diplomatic sommersault performed 1789-1792 was to him propably normal everyday business as there were certainly many persuasive reasons and official ways to pass his message and achieve peace between Russia and the Sultan:

    The Jasi pact was signed when France was already attacking Austria, Catherine was outlawing russian masons and preparing to attack the french "austrian" army, Robespierre and his jacobin mob were beheading the royal family (his cousins-germains) in Paris and Gustav III was assasinated, as predicted, in Sweden.

    The pact securing peace for Eastern Mediteranean was broken only after Saint Germain's death in 1802, thus his wish for a peacefull retirement was fulfilled.

    Readers attention is next drawn to the most important bit of info (of previous timeline) that escaped being processed by "history scholars-editors":

    Niccolo Cochini, the August 1790 Creta-Cassos corsair is, for this compulsive root hunter at least, extremely tempting: A Niccolo ancestor was sought for in Hydra's archive a long time ago but none such was traced in the pre1800 records.

    His existence was known from three registered (S3) sons of his: Alexandry Niccolo Cochini (4 X,1821-1832), Dimitri N.C.(once, 1824),
    Peter N.C. (once, 1828)
    (The limited number of registrations and the time appearing-six in total, 1821-1832- is a clear indication that Hydra was not their normal domicile, they were living elsewhere, possibly Alexandria (as "Alexandry" indicates) and had moved temporarily to Hydra because of the 1821 events. The Alexandria residence is furthermore confirmed by the geographic location of the corsair act of Niccolo: Cassos and Crete are quite distant from Hydra or mainland Greece, fairly big ships are needed to sail their waters and only ships travelling to and from Alexandria would follow this sea root.)

    Why was Niccolo sought for, why is he so important?

    As father of Peter, he is the grandfather of Michael Peter Cochini, the Missolonghi engineer (direct ancestor of the undersigned) whose french links were obvious but impossible to trace before: The engineer (~1780-1826) who designed and constructed the famous fort, spoke french as native language, had studied in France but also had a hydrian uncle whose name, captain Antonios Dim. Cocchini, was given to one of the fort's towers. Other tower names given by the engineer (including Ben. Franklin's and William of Orange's, then first King of Holland) tell of his links to masonry in general and to the egyptian rite in particular. A tower was named after "Ananiah" the wise (Il Saggio, the unknown founder of the rite of Mizraim).

    Dates are telling too: Saint Germain-Cocchini stages his April 1790 Paris death to return to the Levant, guide the rebellion and resurrect himself, as late as 1792, as the Lazarus he once was, and there is Niccolo Cocchini, the corsair of August 1790, travelling from Crete and Cassos to reach Zante, of all ports, and then disappear!

    (Niccolo and his partner in arms Anargiros, a well known name from Petsai, proceed to dispose their prizes to Zante. One has to be also fluent with Zante history to know that at the time the Cocchini family was very powerfull, that a chevalier Andrea Cocchini was among the triad governing Zante in 1800, after La Serenissima had ceased to exist and the russoturkish fleet first anchored in Zante. One has also to remember that Zante is where the Mizraim rite is said to have originated to pass then west to Venice sometime around 1782.)

    And, as it is soon going to be revealed, St Germain had not just a Cochini surname but was a "Niccolo" himself!

    Thus, not just Edgar's friend and host, Giovanni d'Anastasy, was directly related to Saint Germain, but Poe's first ever decoder, "Yanni the greek", is too:

    Niccolo the corsair was Saint Germain himself, travelling from Alexandria to Hydra on his own ship (captained by a frenchman, a Bonfort from Cassis propably), his friend Anargiros following on another boat as guard, and using his-unknown in the Levant- real name until he gained control of the situation again. Then only does he return to the already well known "Lazarus", Hydra's archon, personality.

    Next post, April 2nd, will reveal his full identity for the few who have not been able to make him out already!
    Last edited by yanni; 03-27-2006 at 10:13 AM. Reason: Spelling

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    What's in a name?

    The following conclusions are the result of a detailed name study. Some plagiarism is unavoidable:

    The name has always been Cocchini or Cochini (Kokkini grk) but, following the dramatic turn of events (Concino's productive relationship to Maria di Medici's queen of France uncovered about 1606, King Henry's assasination in 1610, Concino's in 1617) it was modified in Florence, Italy for diplomatic reasons and in France for the safety of those carrying it.

    The fiorentine Cocchini, closely associated to the Medicis, kept their name until 1609- a last Cocchini even manages to graduate in Pisa, (Diploma di Dottore in diritto, conceduto dall'Universitą di Pisa a Francesco Cocchini da Pescia l'anno 1617)- but they all next become Concini, Conchini, Coccini (Giovanni, the Firenze sculptor of works at the Holy Trinity church also registered as Caccini), Cochi and Caccini (Giulio, Francesca etc, opera founders and botanists, Matteo and Giovanni, roman catholic priests and Galileo's persecutors and subsequent followers), to return to their correct name again only around 1650 (Cocchini, Medici's science publishers first ever patenting the sign of the star etc etc). Much later the name also becomes Gozzini on political grounds.

    In Italy today there are perhaps a dozen Cocchini families, a couple Gozzinis, no Caccinis, Coccinis or Concinis.

    The french are recorded (about 1640) as Cochin, Cocain, Cachin, later propably Cazin (publishers) and LeRouge (=the reds, geographers, chartographers) too and, soon after, when the first Caccini astronomer, Gian Domenico, settles in France to form the Cassini dynasty, the name given to them by common agrrement betwen italian and french historians early in the 19th century. (They spelled their name as "Caccini" however til 1779 at least!)

    There are today in France only few Cochin and fewer Cachin families. Some Cochini are also registered, they are however from 20th century (1922, Asia Minor) immigration. No Cassini or Caccini name was found.

    Italian scholars certainly still have their reasons to keep truth under lock and key and to maintain the various name versions, thus making the famous opera founders and astronomers italians and as for the french ....well....an "italian Concino" was bad enough, let alone a greek Saint Germain!

    After this introductory note and before proceeding as scheduled to answer the main question on Saint Germain aka Lazarus aka Niccolo the corsair etc, a relative letter to Mme Ellen Cohen, "editor" of Franklin's correspondence at Yale will next be quoted, a kind of open invitation and reminder to the kind lady that silence is not always a prerequisite for serenity.
    Last edited by yanni; 03-29-2006 at 04:54 AM. Reason: spelling

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    Sitting on the truth, a rewarding experience!

    Continuing from previous post.....

    Evidence that the french Cassini astronomers spelled their name as "Caccini" in 1790 and that they were related to the Cochini-Cochin are two letters of same date, today in Benjamin Franklins's papers collection at Yale.

    Mme Ellen Cohn (or Cohen), editor in charge, having already lectured on Franklin's unique diplomatic shrewedness to have tricked , more or less, the french (thus extracting the maximum amount of their aid) using his printing talent to do it, has certainly studied in detail Franklin's printing advisor, Cochin, author of the first of the two letters. Not knowing apparently who the Caccini(?) author of the second letter was, Mme Cohn or Cohen then placed the question mark after the name.

    Cohn, "the history editor", has obviously her reasons for failing to mention that the same printing expert, Cochin, is also the artist who drew and engraved Ben's famous "fur cap" portrait, so critical in promoting the american "cause" in Europe.

    Cohn the detective failed to respond to repeated requests on the subject :

    Letter of October 3rd, 05(Addressed to the Curator of Ben Frankli's papers)

    Subject: Cochin(i) letters to Benjamin Franklin.

    Dear Sir (it was wrongly assumed the curator was a "he")

    Researching and partly publishing family history for some years, I recently discovered following two letters in B.F's relative archive with you:

    a)From Cochin, ------. Paris., to Benjamin Franklin 1779 February 17 A.L.S. 1p. XIII, 114.
    and
    b) From Caccini ?, ------. Dunkirk., to Benjamin Franklin 1779 February 17 A.L.S. 3p. XIII, 115.


    Whereas the first letter is undoubtedly written by Charles-Nicholas Cochin "fils", the fiorentine-french artist responsible for "Illuminism" and the "fur cup" portrait of Benjamin, the full identity of the author of second letter cannot be deducted from the brief description of letter's contents published in your website or from other sources. Dunkirk is a very unlikely location for the Coccini sender at the time.
    Would you be so kind as to send me relative info and perhaps photos of both letters?
    In return I will include you in my list of "future first readers" and will thus mail you copy of first printout from my next article titled "Papyrologies" in english when finished.
    For your information a list of works is included.
    Yours truly



    Letter of December 3rd, 05
    (Addressed to Ellen Cohn this time)
    Subject: Ben Franklin and his Cochin & Caccini pen-pals.

    Dear Madam,
    "The curator of the papers of B.F." did not write back so the attached letter of October the 3rd is now correctly readdressed to the 'Historian as Detective' editing Franklin's mysteries, thus renewing the original suggestion for cooperation by the undersigned.
    Re the first correspondent, Cochin, Franklin's artist friend and consultant: Modern researchers and men /women of letters seemingly neglect his various talents and qualifications and either diminish or avoid him alltogether !
    Re the identity of the second of Franklin's correspondents Caccini(?): He is either Cassini Cesar Francois de Thury or Cachin Joseph Marie Francois or Georges- Luis "Le Rouge" , all apparently related to the first.
    By this opportunity you are kindly advised that following riddles have in the meantime been solved, partly with info provided by relevant european authorities:
    - The identity of two other intimate friends of Franklin: "Le comte de San Germain" and "Marquise de Savalette de Lange" and
    - The identity of the designer of the Great Seal of the USA, a rather compelling issue of hermetic nature.
    Relevant conclusions will become public knowledge sooner or later.
    Again placing myself at your disposal, I remain

    Yours truly


    "Seethroughs" become you , detective Ellen!

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    The identity of Saint Germain aka Lazarus Cocchini, aka Niccolo the corsair was.....

    ....Charles Nicholas Cochin (fils), the artist friend of Ben Franklin.

    Not in the mood at present to further comment on issues raised, herebelow is the explanation why April 2nd was chosen for this revelation instead of...

    ...April-fool-day!

    Along with the french royal family, "greekness" was decapitated as well in 1792.
    Changes in philosophy followed, older axiomatic values, such as truth, justice and ethos, being replaced by "industry" notions such as capital, interest, free trade, market forces etc.
    Religion was given a simultaneous boost , the full range of its "products" impacted into the minds of the "Hoi polloi". Paradise was put back in heaven and everything settled nicely into a new order of things .

    "New age" thinkers and men of letters are generally divided eversince in two basic schools of thought:

    -The "May the 1st school of thinkers", aka "mayfirsters" and
    -The "April fool day philosophical society" aka "aprilfoolers".

    Mayfirsters commemorate prophet Weishaupt's "Illuminati", founded on the particular day of 1776, May the 1st, also known as "labour day", for the benefits this new order brought to them and their subjects/citizens alike, all happily working and enjoying themselves in harmony eversince.

    Aprilfoolers, instinctive followers of long forgotten masters, lie to each other in principle on April 1st each year only, the fools!

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